The dual labour market hypothesis recognized the existence of informal labour market as part of the Nigerian labour market dichotomy. This is to the extent that informal sector represents an important part of the economy and certainly of the labour market and thus plays a major role in employment creation, production and income generation in Nigeria. Therefore, this paper examines the nature of labour practices within the Nigerian context of the informal sector and the linkages between the formal and the informal sectors with focus on ways of improving labour practices in the informal sector
Occupational Safety and Health Issues in Ghana: Strategies for Improving Employee Safety and Health at Workplace (Published)
Contemporary employees spend most of their working lives at the workplace. Work provides economic, social and psychological experiences that promote the mental well-being of individuals. The work environment should be devoid of hazards as much as possible to provide healthy and decent work for the workforce. However, numerous injuries, illnesses, property damages and process losses take place at different workplaces. There is the urgent need for guidelines to help manage and improve safety and health at the workplace. Currently, there is no comprehensive national health and safety policy in Ghana that provides these guidelines. This paper provides a generic guide to managing the myriad of hazards that exist at the workplaces to enhance healthy and decent work for employees in Ghana. It discusses different forms of potential hazards and provides guidelines on how they can be identified, assessed, controlled or managed when they are present in a given work setting.