Effects of Value Added Tax and Custom Duties on Revenue Generation in Nigeria (2000-2016) (Published)
The study examined value added tax and customs duties on revenue generation in Nigeria. Secondary data was sourced from Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) ranging from 2000 to 2016. Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) and Granger causality tests were used as the estimation techniques. The findings of the study revealed that the F-statistics value was 2.883868 which is lesser than both the lower bound and the upper bound values of 3.79 and 4.85 respectively at the 5percent level of significance which implies that there is no long-run relationship among value-added tax, customs duties and revenue generation. It was equally revealed that there is no causality among value-added tax, customs duties, and revenue generation. The study concluded that value-added tax and customs duties no significant effect on revenue generation and there is no long-run relationship among value-added tax, customs duties and revenue generation in Nigeria during the study period. Thus, it is recommended that the fiscal policy should discourage tax avoidance by emulating measures for compliance of value added tax and customs duties
An Assessment of the Casual Relationship between Economic Growth and Indirect Taxes in Nigeria (Published)
The study examines the causal relationship between economic growth and indirect taxes in Nigeria. Ex-post facto research design was employed and time series data were sourced from Central Bank Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin of various years 1994-2014. Multiple regression inferential statistics was used for data analysis. The result reveals that VAT has a positive significance effect on GDP. This is because the computed t-statistic of 3.142 is greater than the critical value table value of 2.120. The result of the second hypothesis also showed that the computed t- statistic of 4.557 is greater than the critical table value of 2.120 thus, proving that CED actually has a positive significance effect on GDP. The study conclude and that VAT and CED as indirect taxes contributes to economic growth in Nigeria, hence government should intensify effort to ensure immediate response of payment by the general public as flow of fund will encourage faster economic growth.