Promoting peace and social stability through cultural values in Nigeria: the Social Studies perspective (Published)
Conflict, insurgency, terrorism and crime had become the prominent super war agents, waging dynamic war against Nigerian territorial integrity and economic boom. This study sought to examine how peace and social stability through cultural values in Nigeria from the social studies perspective. To achieve this, two research questions were raised to guide the study. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Data used for the study were generated through a questionnaire titled “Promoting Peace and Social Stability through Cultural Values Questionnaire” which was administered to 70 Social Studies Educators purposively selected from the study area. Their responses to the questionnaire were coded to identify recurrent themes and patterns and were tested using the simple percentages, means and statistical frequency. The result of the analysis showed that in respect to the first research question, a mean percentage ‘Yes’ responses 74.69% and ‘No’ responses of 25.31% Where as in respect to research question two a mean percentage ‘yes’ response of 78% against the mean percentage ‘no’ response of 22% was obtained. The implication of this is that cultural values significantly influence the promotion of peace and social stability in Nigeria. , it was therefore concluded that the peace and stability of the Nigerian society can be promoted if cultural values are revived, promoted, taught and applied in the country and recommended that administrative leadership of Nigeria should be broaden to include traditional leaders and priests in the governance of the Nation.
Cultural Values in the Antology of Short Story Sampan Zulaiha by Hasan Al-Banna and its Benefits as a Literary Reading Material in Senior High School (Published)
This study aims to find and analyze the cultural values contained in the anthology of short stories “Sampan Zulaiha” and serves to know its usefulness as a literary reading material in high school. This research is qualitative research by qualitative descriptive method. Approach used was done by literature sociology with the study of text. Data collection technique used was literature review technique. Instruments used to know its usefulness as a reading material is by writing tests, observations, and interviews. Resource persons in this study consisted of three Indonesian language teachers and sixty students in SMA Negeri 8 Medan. Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that there are 98 cultural values divided into five patterns of cultural values, namely 1) human relationship with God, 2) human relationship with nature, 3) human relationship with society, 4) human relationship with others, 5) human relationship with oneself. Based on the results of observations and interviews of cultural values in the anthology of Zulaiha, it is very useful to be used as a literary reading material in high school.