The Effect of Integrated Pharmaceutical Logistic System on User Satisfaction and Logistics Performance of HIV/AIDS Commodities: Evidence form Public Hospitals in Ethiopia (Published)
This study was conducted to assess the effect of IPLS on user satisfaction and logistics performance of HIV/AIDS commodities. Data were collected from 127 respondents in six public Hospitals using questionnaire and interview. The study employed explanatory design with mixed research method. The data collected and analyzed indicated that IPLS enhances their satisfaction which increases job performance of users. IPLS resulted in big improvement in the accuracy of logistics by improving planning, decision making, productivity and overall logistics objectives. The regression analysis indicated that all the independent variables have strong and positive effect on user satisfaction and thereby on Logistics performance except system quality which did not have strong and positive effect on user satisfaction due to factors specific to the Ethiopian environment as indicted in the interview such as turnover of trained staff, lack of trainings and other factors. Future research may be conducted by incorporating other variables that affect IPLS, covering wider geographic area, and also incorporating private hospitals.
Cultural factors are examined to see how they affect the purchase of pork in Nigeria. Data for the study are obtained through structured questionnaire administered by the researcher and some research assistants. A total of 82 questionnaires are administered out of which 70 are duly filled and returned. Tools used for statistical analysis include Statistical Package for Social Sciences. SPSS 17, Microsoft Excel (2015), Multiple Regression Analysis and Relative Important Index (RII). Findings reveal that cultural variables exert significant influences on the purchase and consumption of pork. The study also found that aside from the cultural factors, age and income also affect the quantity of pork purchased and consumed. Based on these findings the study concludes that cultural factors, age and income influence the quantity of pork purchased and consumed. The study then recommends that these factors should not be taken for granted; rather they should be identified and studied since purchase and consumption of pork are based on them.
THE GENDER APPROACH TO SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS OF AGEING AND OLD AGE EXPERIENCE IN KENYA (Published)
The central aim of this paper is to discuss the gender aspects of ageing as a process, and old age experience based on a study of Bungoma District, Kenya. The basic argument is that although ageing is a biological process, its experience is largely dependent on the social and cultural dimensions of the society. The study employed the interview schedule as the key instrument of data collection, supplemented by key informant interviews, observation methods, reviews of secondary data and case study method. The sampling procedures used were both probability and non-probability. The deductive approach to interpretation of data was also used. It emerged that whereas there is a difference in longevity between men and women owing to the variation in life expectancy, other social factors are equally important. These include class ethnicity, caste, eating and working habits and family circumstances. Depending on the stability of the above factors certain similarities and differences in old age experience are evident across the gender line. The study also highlighted how cultural practices influence the gender experience in old age, especially the social practice of avoidance between the parents and their sons-in-law and the daughters-in-law. The issue of widowhood in vividly examined.