The Role Of Extension Workers In Creating Environmental Awareness Among Farmers On Sustainable Crop Farming in Ogoja Local Government Area Of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)
The study investigated the role of extension workers in creating environmental awareness among farmers on sustainable crop farming in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Two null hypotheses were formulated to direct the study. Literature was reviewed based on the variables of the study. The survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of all adult male and female in the study area. A sample size of seven hundred and ninety one (791) was drawn from the population of seven thousand nine hundred and ten (7,910) using the stratified and simple random sampling techniques. A four point modified Likert scale questionnaire titled “The Role of Extension Workers in Creating Environmental Awareness among Farmers on Sustainable Crop Farming” (TREWCEAFSCF) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by two test experts in the department of test and measurement University of Calabar. The instrument was personally administered by the researchers with the help of two trained research assistants in the area of the study. The data obtained were analyzed using regression statistics and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The result of the analysis revealed that the role of extension workers in creating environmental awareness among farmers significantly influence sustainable crop farming. Based on the result of the findings, the study recommended among others that extension workers should not relent their effort in environmental awareness creation among farmers on sustainable crop farming and that the government should encourage the use of extension workers in information dissemination on sustainable crop farming.
Environmental Adult Education Programmes for Promotion of Sustainable Agricultural Methods/Practices among Crop Farmers in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria: An Empirical Study (Published)
Unsustainable agricultural/farming methods/practices (such as slash-and-burn, felling of trees and shrubs and application of chemical fertilizers and insecticides) by crop farmers in the Southern Region of Nigeria are known to have been doing a lot of harm to the soil, the environment and even the health of the farmers themselves. The purpose of this study was to identify, through an empirical/participatory process, the unsustainable methods/practices mostly adopted by the farmers (with focus on those from Abak and Etinan Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Akwa Ibom State), as well as the Environmental Adult Education (EAE) programmes that would make the farmers adopt sustainable methods/practices which would increase their occupational outputs as well as protect their environment and personal health. Four Research Questions and one Null Hypothesis guided the study. 222 (40%) of the 554 registered crop farmers in the two LGAs were selected for the study through proportionate random sampling. Percentages, means, standard deviation and the T-test were the statistical methods used to analyze the data obtained through a structured Questionnaire developed by the researchers. Based on the responses of the farmers, a number of EAE programmes were identified for achieving the purpose stated above. The researchers have strongly recommended implementation of the programmes as well as guidelines for effecting the implementation.