Tag Archives: Crisis

Image Restoration Theory: Analysis of Polish Deputy Prime Minister’s Tweets in Response to Postponed Polish Presidential Election In 2020 (Published)

Following Covid-19 pandemic emergence in 2020, Polish presidential election was about to be either postponed and rescheduled to the latter date or organized remotely via postal voting. At that time, the Deputy Prime Minister of Poland and Minister for State Assets, Jacek Sasin, has famously decided to allocate 70 mln PLN in order to move forward with organizing the election on the initial date of 10th of May 2020, which in the end, did not take place. The incident was widely covered across the Polish press, social media and news. Minister Jacek Sasin has become the subject of public outcry, online mockery, critical comments from the opposition politicians, derogatory press coverage, however has retained his political functions. The study objective is to analyse the image repair strategies that Minister Sasin has adapted in his tweets, and to assess the effectiveness of these strategies. The study revealed that Minister Sasin has used the following image repair strategies: evasion of responsibility, reducing offensiveness and denial. The effectiveness of employed strategies were assessed as unsuccessful. More research is needed towards assessing image repair strategies on the Polish political scene.

Keywords: Crisis, Reputation, Twitter, image repair theory

Development of the Jordanian Novel and the Emergence of Manifestations of Alienation in it (Published)

This study aims to investigate the stages of the development of the Jordanian novel and the emergence of the manifestations of alienation in it. The study hypothesizes that there are manifestations of ‘alienation’ in the Jordanian novel that entered the modernist world, which expressed, through its characters, the existential, personal,  social and psychological alienation of the modern man.To achieve its goals, the study tries to confirm this hypothesis  by conducting an in-depth analysis of the language, styles, techniques, and narrative forms that entered the modernist  novel to express through the characters the existential, personal, social, political and psychological the alienation of the modern man. The novels that will be discussed are the following: al-Ḍaḥik (1970), by Ghālib Halsā, al-Baḥth ʿan Walid Masʿoud (1978), by Jabra Ibrāhim Jabra; Qamāt al-Zabad (1987), by Elias Farkouḥ; ʿAw … al-General la Yansa Kilabahu (1990), by Ibrāhim Nassralla; and al-Shazāya wa al-Fusayfisaʾ (1994), by Muʾnis al-Razaz, which represents the climax of experimentation in al-Razaz’s fictional works. The discussion of ‘form’ focuses on the development of the technical and linguistic forms of the novel from the traditional classical simple forms into the modernist complicated and experimental forms. The discussion of the ‘content’ focuses on the movement from traditional themes that concern the Arab culture and traditions into modernist themes, focusing mainly on the theme of ‘alienation’, its causes, its manifestations, and its psychological impacts on the Arab individual, particularly the intellectual particular, which are represented in the social, political and existential conditions that prevailed in ‘exile’ in general and in Jordan in particular, as a result of the Palestinian Nakba / Catastrophe in 1948, and the Six Days War in 1967.

Keywords: Alienation, Crisis, classical novels, exile., modernist novels

The Crisis of Our Time and the End of the New “History” (Published)

The issues raised on the congruency of the Nobel prizes awarded, the will of its founder, and the economic process are only part of a much more complex and deeper problem that constitutes the true genesis of the crisis of our time: an anthropological and not economic crisis. The debate on economics and its methods of study cannot be separated from a correct reading of history that in the long term tends to repeat itself, as G.B. Vico had envisioned; the nature of man never changes, constantly oscillating between Cain and Abel, and it would seem that only pain leads man to wisdom. The single technical-rational thought makes us see the future as the only guarantee of success and we therefore cannot understand the correlations between the causes and effects in our history. We act as if the past had been erased and as if history had never manifested similar situations to those in which we find ourselves today. The debates on the role of studies in economics, and in particular finance, are broader and must be ascribed to a historical framework to understand how these have contributed to an acceleration in the change of a socio-cultural model that has collapsed but has its distant roots in the field of speculation. The change is rooted as far back as Kant, who with the utterance of self-doubt affirmed that reason rendered the finitude and absolute character (infinity) of freedom a starting point of German idealism and the historical materialism of Marx. The West entered the “tekhné” world and began to separate man from his soul, thereby establishing as “truth” only that which is tangible, observable, and measurable, and the sciences that explain this truth become themselves “truth”. This principle of truth has also been extended to economics, to its methods of study, and the role that we attribute it in defining the priorities of the founding values of society. The prizes, as previously noted, have helped change and legitimize the methods of study of a science that was born and remains an instrumental and social science but has ended up assuming the role of a moral science, namely teleological, to be studied as a positive and exact science. We have ended up exchanging the ends for the means, where man no longer defines the needs but the external system becomes dominant, independent of the man who becomes the means, an “economified” man. In short, we do not earn to live but live to earn and thereby life as a means can itself become a commodity. In the positive and exact sciences, however, the object of study is independent of the person who studies it – a reaction takes place because it responds to its intrinsic rationality – but in economics, the object of study – the search for the best combination of needs and scarce resources – is also an integral part of the emotional dimension of the individual addressing the problem.

Keywords: Crisis, End of the New, Time, history

An Overview of Energy Crisis and the Renewable Alternatives: The Nigerian Experience (Published)

Among the mirages of challenges confronting the global community today, that of energy is very prominent.  Sometimes, it is the crisis, politics, shocks, uncertainties, tendency for depletion, inadequacy in supply, high cost and non-availability to larger percentages of the people and so compounding the poverty level.  Nigeria is not exempted from all these worries like many other nations of the world.  However, the mark difference in some of these other nations is diversification and development from the non-renewable fossil fuel or hydrocarbon to the renewable alternatives which are eco-friendly, abundant, replenishables, readily available and likely more cost effective and affordable if promoted.  Nigeria is greatly endowed in renewable energy alternatives but with little or an insignificant attention.  In this paper therefore, an attempt was made in explorative research method to have a position paper on Nigeria’s oil industry, the politics and the need to promote the renewable alternatives.  Some research questions dealt with were; what Nigeria’s energy profile is like in the context of the world energy index and what is the relative estimate of Nigeria’s Renewable Energy Base in World’s Renewable Energy Index Profile?  Among others, it was discovered that Nigeria is blessed with diverse alternative energy sources from the various secondary data examined (Hydro-power = 18% and others = 82%).  It is “the others” that this paper seeks to throw more lights on to meet our energy demands.

Keywords: Alternatives, Crisis, Eco-System, Economy, Energy, Hydro-Carbon, Renewable

The Monkey Pox Virus and the Inherent Danger in Rumour Mongering: Focus On Nigeria Print Media Reportage of the Crisis (Published)

The prerogative of this exercise is the reportage of the monkey box virus by Nigerian print media. In spite of the horrendous deaths and turbulence imposed on Nigerians by the dreaded Ebola plague in the later part of 2014, Nigerians now face another grim pestilence; the monkey pox virus. This study is adopting the qualitative approach and secondary sources of newspaper publications as relevant literature. This inquiry derives its theoretical foundation from the agenda setting perspective. In spite of alarming rumours of forced vaccinations on school children, the study through relevant newspaper publications reveals the Nigerian print media, transcending through ethnic, religious and cultural barriers, conducted a high degree of coverage to create public awareness of the virus. The paper recommends synergy between the government and the media to create public awareness against the dread of monkey pox. This is appropriate antidote to galvanise standardized template in creating public awareness of communicable diseases. As sensitization by the Nigerian media was crucial in the demise of the 2014 Ebola crisis, the media, particularly newspapers have excelled in creating overwhelming public awareness and sanitation procedure to contain the monkey pox virus incursion into the Nigeria.

Keywords: Crisis, Monkey Pox Disease, Print Media, Public health communication, Reportage, rumour mongers

Cultural Trauma and the 9/11 Narratives by European-American and Middle- Eastern American Writers (Published)

In this paper, we argue that Jeffrey C. Alexander’s theory of Cultural Trauma provides a more fruitful framework for the study of 9/11 narratives written by both European-American writers and hyphenated Americans with Middle Eastern backgrounds. Unlike previous studies which have focused on Homi Bhabha’s notion of “interstitial perspectives,” we will focus on how Alexander’s theory helps us understand how European-American writers perceived and interpreted the crisis of 9/11, and how hyphenated American writers reacted to the dominant discourse on this tragic incident. Therefore, the present study is an endeavor to delineate the tenets of Alexander’s theory and to show how this theory helps us see the fundamental arguments and counterarguments on 9/11 offered by two different bodies of writers. Consequently, the first part of the paper will focus on the subtleties of Alexander’s theory and its ability to provide us with a framework within which we can analyze these different narratives, and the second part of this paper will put his theory of cultural trauma into practice. Using Alexander’s theory, we will offer a reading of such diverse works as DeLillo’s Falling Man and McInerny’s The Good Life as well as Mohsin Hamid’s The Reluctant Fundamentalist and Alaa Al Aswany’s Chicago. This analysis will help us see how the white American narrative of invasion, xenophobia, fall, and rise again meets the alternative narrative of being surrounded and destructive nostalgia of writers whose home countries have been impacted by America’s war on terror after 9/11.

Keywords: 9/11 Literature, Crisis, Cultural Trauma, Diaspora Literature

The Impact of Management Information Systems on the Security Crisis Management “A Study on the General Directorate of Passports in Riyadh-KSA” (Published)

The study aimed to investigate the impact of management information systems on crisis management through the application on the General Directorate of Passports in Riyadh and its relationship with some variables for the year (1437-1438). Random sample was selected consist of (135) employees, to achieve the objectives of the study, A questionnaire was constructed and consisting of (33) items distributed on five paragraphs (the impact of information systems in predicting the crisis, the impact of information systems to contain the crisis, the impact of information systems for mitigating the detriment of the crisis, the impact of information systems to regain control, the impact of information systems in taking lessons from the crisis). After confirmation of the suitability and stability of the study tool, a questionnaire has been applied to the sample. The results showed that the impact of information systems was seen on all the paragraphs where they were all hypotheses acceptance, while the results did not show significant differences attributable to changes in the academic level, experience, and age, with the exception of the paragraph except for the paragraph of ​​“the impact of information systems for mitigating the detriment of the crisis.” and differences came in favor of master or higher, and the paragraphs of the impact of information systems in predicting the crisis, the impact of information systems to take lessons from the crisis, the differences came in favor of the experienced (20-25). in light of these findings set of recommendations have been out , most notably the need to update systems management information in the Directorate of immigration and the need to prepare prior plans to cope with crises.

Keywords: Crisis, Management Information Systems, Security Crisis

Ideology in News Reports: Al-Jazeera Reporters As Representative: A Critical Discourse Analysis (Published)

This paper adopts a critical discourse analysis approach to investigate the way reporters of Al-Jazeera English Satellite Channel use to covey events and actions during the Syrian crisis. The study aims to find out whether reporters are neutral in their coverage or they carry an ideology which accords with one of the warring parties of conflict. It also aims at finding out the ideological implications that reporters have in the news texts toward the parties of conflict in Syria. The study hypothesizes that news reporters of Al-Jazeera are not neutral, but rather they have a prejudiced and a one-sided ideology towards the conflicted parties. For the analysis of the data, the study follows Van Dijk’s (1998) model of ‘ideological square’. The analysis is limited to investigate some discourse features, among many others, for their importance and their abundance in the data under scrutiny. Finally, the study has come with some conclusions that validate the hypotheses.

Keywords: : Modality, CDA, Contrasts, Crisis, Ideology, Media, Topics, Transparency

Examining the Boko Haram Insurgency in Northern Nigeria and the Quest for A Permanent Resolution Of The Crisis (Published)

The state of insecurity engendered by Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria, especially in the North-Eastern part of the country is quiet worrisome, disheartening and alarming. Terrorist attacks of the Boko Haram sect have resulted in the killing of countless number of innocent people and wanton destruction of properties that worth billions of naira through bombings. More worrisome however, is the fact that all the efforts of the Nigerian government to curtail the activities of the sect have not yielded any meaningful positive result. Thus, the Boko Haram scourge remains intractable to the government who appears helpless in curtailing/curbing their activities. The dynamics and sophistication of the Boko Haram operations have raised fundamental questions about national security, governance issue and Nigeria’s corporate existence. The major thrust of this paper is to investigate the Boko Haram insurgency in Northern Nigeria and to underscore the urgent need for a permanent resolution of the crisis. The paper argues that most of the circumstances that led to this insurgency are not unconnected with frustration caused by high rate of poverty, unemployment, weak governance, religious fanaticism among others. It also addresses the effects of the insurgency which among others include serious threat to national interest, peace and security, internal population displacement, violation of fundamental human rights, debilitating effects on the entrenchment of democratic principles in Nigeria among others. The paper recommends among others, the necessity to address poverty reduction, religious secularism and political re-orientation. The need for adequate collaboration and partnership between the government, non governmental organizations, civil society organization as well as the individuals is also advocated. Finally, the need for the re-evaluation of the country’s domestic and foreign policies as a means of combating the menace of this domestic terrorism is also stressed.

Keywords: Boko Haram, Crisis, Domestic Terrorism, Insurgency, National Security, Permanent Resolution


This paper focuses on the media reportage of the Ebola Virus Disease which has ravaged parts of West Africa, particularly Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Although the disease found its way into Nigeria through the Late Patrick Sawyer, Nigerian authorities quickly arrested the situation, for which they are getting well deserved commendations across the globe. The presentation derives its theoretical relevance from the agenda setting perspective which says that even though the media may not succeed in telling people what to think, they are stunningly successful in telling people what to think about. Information and perspectives were obtained from secondary sources of books, newspapers, magazines, and the electronic media. Interestingly, the research found a high success rate of communication efforts as it concerns the Ebola scourge, across cultural and geographical boundaries. The paper recommends among others, the immortalization of Late Dr. Stella Adadevoh for her sacrifice while ensuring that the war against Ebola is sustained through a further enhancement of public enlightenment.

Keywords: Credibility, Crisis, Mass Media, Public Opinion.


The penury in the midst of plenty that pervade the walls of many African states is a perplexing paradox that begs for a critical evaluation.  That most African failed states are richly endowed is a common cliché albeit a truthful one. But that penury is highest in Africa is indicative of the impact of corruption on the plenty present within the state- ‘with an average per capital income of roughly US one dollar a day,  part of  Africa remains the poorest in the world.’ Cursory survey reveals that the tempo of corruption in Africa is becoming a cultural phenomenon. In a country like Nigeria, it holds true that the spread of corruption extends to even the little infants in primary school. This paper postulates that even the most primary agent of socialization the family is not speared the marauding finger of corruption. Could Nigerian family system socialize the infant into a corrupt mentality? This paper therefore, interrogates the relationship between the family pattern of behavior especially with regard to sharing of resources and communication to pattern of leadership in some African countries (especially Nigeria) and how this debilitating framework has often been transposed as paradigms for the state leadership. More often than not, the breadwinner enjoys the best part of the share; could such pattern translate to a leadership pattern of demagogues? Operating through the prism of George Larkoff, Albert Bandura and Jean Piaget, the paper proposes that the family pattern of sharing and communication prepares the child for a pattern of leadership that is highly self-serving. Therefore, the fight against corruption in Africa must go back to addressing pattern of family sharing and communication

Keywords: Crisis, Family Imagination, Political Leadership

THE U.S.’S DEBT CEILING CRISIS AND BUDGET CONSTRAINTS (Is October always Black in American History?) (Is Obama’s Administration Politically Bankrupt?) (Published)

Modern research on feds highlights the significance of hard budget constraints and a strong central government to satisfy intergovernmental economic conflicts. The sharp political crisis that shook America reached to the settlement did not come out of any team victorious, whether President Barack Obama or his opponents Republicans, where Washington avoided disaster at the last minute approval of the text is likely stalled in the payback of their payments, and reopen the federal’s department which was paralyzed for more than two weeks.This article responds to the theoretical shortcomings with reference to the evolution of political crisis at the regional level and the representation of those regions at the national level. While both houses of Congress passed after 16 days of disruption, to settle out of the crisis, where they vote on raising the debt ceiling, and provides summary agreed to give the green light for the budget short-term extends until January 15, and to increase the debt ceiling to allow for the payment of the obligations of the government until Feb. 7, the Agreement provides a minor addition to the health care program, and calls to make sure the entry of individuals who are entitled to get help US government to pay for mandatory health insurance

Keywords: Budget, Budget Constraints, Crisis, Debt Ceiling, Feds, Fiscal Year, Payments, U.S. Central Bank


The Nigerian Government has enjoyed cordial relationship with the government of the United States over the years especially given the former’s quantum of oil deposit and the latter’s access to exploiting same. However, the emergence of Boko Haram insurgence has been a source of concern to both countries especially as it portends danger to their interests. Despite the efforts of both countries in finding a lasting solution to the problem, the desired result is yet to be attained. In view of this, the study examined the effectiveness of the US security strategies in assisting Nigeria overcome the crisis of Boko Haram. Intractable conflict theory was adopted in arguing that it would be difficult to resolve the crisis of Boko Haram but it can, at least, be managed if proper strategies are put in place. Finally, the work discovered that in line with American foreign policy of zero tolerance to international terrorism, its strategies in assisting Nigeria overcome Boko Haram crisis have not been very effective.

Keywords: Boko Haram, Crisis, Management, Security, Strategy, Terrorism

The Niger Delta Crisis in Nigeria: Some Moral Lessons (Published)

The Niger Delta region of Nigeria is richly endowed with enormous and abundant oil and gas resources contributing to ninety percent of Nigeria’s annual income. The Niger Delta region however, is severely exploited after being explored of her natural resources. This has led to widespread agitation, protest and militancy by her citizens. The crisis this has engendered has very significant moral undertone that one can learn from. Thus this work, apart from its historical insight, attempts to highlights these moral lessons with the thesis that “injustice” always leads to consequences that are not desirable.

Keywords: Crisis, Injustice, Militancy, Morality, Niger-Delta, Nigeria