Tag Archives: crises

Diaspora Tourism in Lebanon: A Strategy to Maintain Tourism Efficiency during Crises (Published)

Tourism constitutes a major activity in the Lebanese economic system. Being by its nature a fragile sector, tourism is severely affected each time Lebanon is facing a crisis. The last one was a multidimensional crisis that derived from the geopolitical turnarounds in the Middle East region, particularly the war in Syria. Yet, tourist arrivals to Lebanon have not dip as expected, on the contrary they are increasing steadily. This is due to the surge of diaspora tourism where reconnection with ancestral homelands and solidarity with their nationals prevails over other considerations. This article studies the rise of diaspora tourism in Lebanon during the period 2014 – 2017. It relies on the survey method to set a profile for Lebanese diaspora tourists and highlight the importance of resorting to diaspora tourism during crisis.

Keywords: Diaspora Tourism, Homeland., Lebanon, crises, descendants

The Preferred Crisis Management Strategies among Lecturers in Tertiary Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria and the Need for Guidance and Counselling Intervention (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty-two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.

Keywords: Lecturer, Management, Preferred, Strategies., Tertiary Institutions, crises

The Teacher and Teaching with Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Science Subjects and the Contribution of Guidance and Counselors Therein (Published)

The aim of this study was to investigate the preferred crises management strategies among lecturers in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and forty two (1,242) lecturers. The total sample used for the study was five hundred respondents who were drawn through stratified random sampling from four institutions of higher learning in Cross River State. The instrument used for the data collection was the researcher’s developed Preferred Crisis Management Strategies Questionnaire (P.C.M.S.Q). It has two sections, A and B. Section A contained the personal data while B contained four point Likert scale type, made up of sixteen (16) items. The data collected from the samples were subjected to statistical analysis using the population and independent t-test. To accomplish the study objective, two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The following findings emerged; the preference for force crisis management strategy by lecturers was significantly low in tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Sex does not influence lecturers’ preference for dialogue as a crisis management strategy. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made. The government should adequately fund education, and the schools should devise local sources of generating funds while well-meaning individuals and companies should assist, dialogue should be adopted as evidenced in the study.

Keywords: Lecturer, Management, Preferred, Strategies., Tertiary Institutions, crises

The Effect of Syrian War on French People’s Decision to Travel to Lebanon: Remedy through Branding (Published)

The aim of this study was to find out the effects of War in Syria on the decision of French people to travel to Lebanon. Based on a survey, the study findings showed that people in France are aware of the Syrian War as well as the subsequent occurring refugee crisis. The war and refugee crisis are highly affecting their decisions to travel not only to Lebanon but also to other Middle East countries such as Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Jordan. Demographic characteristics of the people play as well an imperative role on their decisions to travel to Lebanon. Branding Lebanon as a tourist destination based on the attributes that influence French travellers can be a fundamental part of the remedy

Keywords: Destination Branding, French Tourists, Lebanon, Refugee, Syrian War, Tourism, Tourist decision., crises

Globalization effects on the social and culture norms of Pakistan (Published)

That globalization has made different social, religious and mental character emergencies including social government and pluralism, changes conventional social structure, consolation of secularization, decrease in social solidarity and making many-sided quality in social relations. Governments must acknowledge pets as monetary experts either alterable or enabling ones in building such creative establishment. Moreover to do accordingly, they have to appreciate, control and possibly facilitate with the decision making elites. Information advancement has energized and enlivened the globalization of business. The entire time it has raised new issues or old issues in new ways.

Keywords: Globalization, Political Instability, crises

The Impact of Global Economic Meltdown On African Economic Development: Lessons from American Experience (Published)

The quite recent global economic disaster that had dealt a devastated blow on economies across the globe deserves attention in the field of academic given the effect it has had on African economy. The need to do a critical appraisal on the phenomenon –global economic meltdown; identification of its causes and effect on global economy and Africa as a continent becomes imperative in view of the quest for sustainable Africa economy and the need to fight the scourge of poverty in Africa. This paper through a historical analysis and critical research method focuses predominantly on American experiences and panacea adopted to ameliorate the menace. The discovery made on this critical survey might form the benchmark in understanding the way out of the most recent and subsequent experiences of economic meltdown.

Keywords: Economic, Global, Globalization, crises, meltdown

LA GESTION DE CRISES DANS LE SECTEUR DU TOURISME: APPLICATIONS PRATIQUES DANS CERTAINS PAYS ARABES (Published)

La présente feuille de recherche vise à introduire les concepts de la gestionde risques et de crises, et à étudier leurs types, en particulier ceux dont souffre le secteur du tourisme. Cette étude vise également à identifier certaines des crises qui engendrent de nombreux problèmes et risques touchant l’industrie du tourisme, de mettre en évidence et d’analyser les effets de ces crises sur le secteur en se concentrant sur certains des pays arabes. Cette feuille de recherche montre que le tourisme est l’un d’un petit nombre des secteurs vitaux, comme il est une activité de service qui a un lien fort avec le marché mondial et le marché extérieur, de sorte qu’il est très possible que ces crises subies par le monde arabe ont un impact décisif sur l’afflux de touristes dans la région, et ont fait ce secteur perdre beaucoup d’importance sur le plan externe pour le manque de la stabilité de sécurité dans la région. L’étude conclut à la nécessité de faire appel à informer les leaders intéressés par ce secteur de prêter attention à l’élaboration des programmes intégrés pour la gestion des risques et des crises qui affectent négativement la rentabilité de ce secteur, la fourniture des compétences humaines spécialisées, et le développement des systèmes d’information selon le type de risque ou de crise, en soulignant l’application de la gestion des crise dans le secteur touristique dans certains pays arabes, comme l’Egypte, la Jordanie et la Tunisie.

Keywords: applications de la gestion de crises dans le secteur du tourisme., crises, gestion de crise, tourisme