Relationship between Quality Signals’ Credibility, Trust in Food System Actors, Perceived Quality and Intention to Buy (Published)
This paper investigates the relationship between brands/certification labels credibility, trust in food system actors, perceived quality and intention to buy food products. The sample, consists of a total of 317 rice consumers who purchase rice from modern retail outlets in cities of Saint-Louis, Thiès and Dakar. Data are collected through questionnaire and analyze through descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and an approach based on Ordinary Least Squares Regression and the Bootstrap Method. Brands and certification labels, considered here as two types of quality signals, are seperately studied. Findings indicate that brands/certification labels credibility has a direct and positive influence on intention to buy food products that have these types of quality signals. In addition, this relationship is mediated, both seperately and together, by trust in food system actors who issue these types of quality signals and perceived quality of these food products. A significant difference is found in the comparison to reveal the more powerful mediating variable in terms of mediation effect. The overall model for each type of quality signal is significant.
Another Look at the Possibilities and Challenges of Citizen Journalism in Nigeria: A Narrative Review (Published)
This paper highlights the possibilities and challenges of citizen journalism. A narrative literature review was employed as the method of analysis. Data sources included web of science and Google scholar. The study highlighted that citizen journalism offers professional and non-professional journalists alike opportunities to be active participants in news content creation. Revealing the negative aspect of citizen journalism, the study postulate that in as much as citizen journalism has no editors (gatekeepers) to verify the truth on news and information disseminated, it, therefore, has no credibility and authenticity source because, in the world of endless information, credibility is an essential ingredient for information seekers. To curtail some of the issues affecting citizen journalism/participation, the study recommends that participants (citizen journalists) should try as much as possible to ensure that their news and information are edited by professionals before they are published.
The Perceptions and Attitudes of Students towards Lecturers at a Ghanaian Public University (Published)
This study sought to determine how students perceive their lecturers and their attitudes towards same at a university in Ghana. The study adopted descriptive survey approach which utilized both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Data were gathered from students from twelve academic departments in four selected colleges of the University. A simple random sample of 652 students participated in the study. A closed-ended questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data which were analysed with the aid of SPSS version20. Qualitative data were gathered using interview which were analysed using content analysis methods presented through verbatim quotations of the respondents. The study found that respondents evaluated lecturers as strong in areas that include knowledge of subject; use good examples; stick to the syllabus; examples related to covered areas; and respect for, and interest in students but weak in teaching study techniques; providing interesting and meaningful learning activities; providing prompt and effective feedback; examinations allowing students to express their knowledge freely; and sharing personal experiences were rated poorly by the respondents. The results further show that students had positive attitudes towards lecturers by regarding them as role models in this study. It is, therefore, concluded that while there were strengths in lecturer’s attributes in the university, there were also weakness. Recommendations were made to improve effectiveness of students-lecturers interaction
This paper focuses on the media reportage of the Ebola Virus Disease which has ravaged parts of West Africa, particularly Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Although the disease found its way into Nigeria through the Late Patrick Sawyer, Nigerian authorities quickly arrested the situation, for which they are getting well deserved commendations across the globe. The presentation derives its theoretical relevance from the agenda setting perspective which says that even though the media may not succeed in telling people what to think, they are stunningly successful in telling people what to think about. Information and perspectives were obtained from secondary sources of books, newspapers, magazines, and the electronic media. Interestingly, the research found a high success rate of communication efforts as it concerns the Ebola scourge, across cultural and geographical boundaries. The paper recommends among others, the immortalization of Late Dr. Stella Adadevoh for her sacrifice while ensuring that the war against Ebola is sustained through a further enhancement of public enlightenment.
This paper critically reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on the choice of exchange rate regime.Although much has been learned in each approach, this paper highlights the areas of research in which our understanding of exchange rate regime is still incomplete. Prominent issues include: (i) the discrepancy between declared and actual regime, and the different approaches of the exchange regime choice (ii) the critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature, (iii) the conclusion.
Choosing an Optimal Exchange Rate Regime: A Critical Literature Review (Review Completed - Accepted)
Résumé :Cet article est une revue critique des contributions aussi bien théoriques qu’empiriques du choix du régime de change.Malgré la profusion des travaux théoriques concernant chaque approche, ce papier vise à éclaircir les zones de recherche où notre compréhension est incomplète.Ce papier comporte :(i) la distinction entre les régimes de change déclarés (de jure) et effectifs(de facto), et les différentes approches du choix du régime de change,(ii) une revue critique des apports théoriques et empiriques, (iii) une conclusion
Abstract : This paper critically reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on the choice of exchange rate regime.Although much has been learned in each approach, this paper highlights the areas of research in which our understanding of exchange rate regime is still incomplete. Prominent issues include: (i) the discrepancy between declared and actual regime, and the different approaches of the exchange regime choice (ii) the critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature, (iii) the conclusion.