Tag Archives: Creativity

Digital Art for the Promotion of the Creative Aspect in the Plastic Art (Published)

The present study sheds lights on the digital art in terms of its concept, history, types and technical styles. It presents the works of some artists who have turned their work into digital creative achievements and become leaders of digital art, depending on the emergence of computer softwares that helped enrich the output of this type of art, on their reflection on the aesthetic side in the plastic art, and on the distinctive presence of digital achievements in the global plastic scene. The present study is an attempt to identify the role of the digital art and its techniques in the promotion of the creative aspect in the plastic art. It adopts the descriptive analytical approach. It also presents the methodological framework which includes the study’s problem, significance, limitations, methodology, terms, and review of literature.   The theoretical framework includes two sections: the first of which is the digital art, its concept, history of its development, its types, and methods. The second one is the digital art in the works of the leading digital artists and its role in the promotion of the plastic art. The study concluded that the digital art has enriched and upgraded the aesthetic value in the plastic art. It recommended further studies on the digital art, and suggested “The technical features of the creative digital achievement generated by the employment of digital art’s types and styles”.

Keywords: Creativity, Digital, Digital Technology, Technical, styles

The Effect of Surveillance and Evaluation Expectation on the Creativity of Primary School Pupils (Published)

Creativity seems to be one of the determinants of perpetuation of species. Humans need to invent creative ways for dealing with the challenges of surviving in a continuously evolving planet. Creativity also has great implications for a nation’s development. Nurturing and enhancing creativity is a major concern for educators. This study focusses on finding the effect of surveillance and Evaluation, two factors identified as killers of creativity; on the creativity of primary school pupils. Piaget’s theory of creativity and Vygotsky’s theory of creativity were used to explain the possible relationships in the study. The research design is the post-test control group quasi experimental design. Thirty-five children from two intact classes were purposively selected for the study. Four research questions were asked and two hypothesis formulated for the study. Data was collected from creative arts classwork of the pupils and analysed using the Independent population t-test. Results revealed a significant effect of both surveillance and evaluation expectation on the creativity of primary school pupils. Recommendations were made.

Keywords: Creativity, Evaluation, Innovation, Self-reliance, Surveillance

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock: A Poem about Prufrock’s Movements toward Poetic Maturity and Creativity (Published)

This paper represents a new approach to studying T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” It is an attempt to explore the poem’s theme by establishing connections among its parts, as well as by identifying similarities between Prufrock and the other characters mentioned in the poem. The poem features a lot of familiar social activities, with lines and phrases that are repeated and in which one can see elements of the main ideas of the poem. There is a dialectical relation between poetic creativity and everyday social activities. This study differs from previous attempts to understand it as principally a poem about loneliness and man’s modern crisis, or a poem about eroticism, by focusing on finding differences between Prufrock and the other characters in the poem. This fresh interpretation proves that the poem is concerned with Prufrock’s movements toward poetic creativity and maturity, with Eliot’s desire to be a poet being camouflaged within Prufrock’s character. The poem also tackles the problem of the insufficiency of language as a tool of expression. Yet, the end of the poem shows that Prufrock succeeds in crossing the threshold to the sea of imagination and creativity.

Keywords: Creativity, Eliot, Imagination, Ordinary, Prufrock, Readings

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock: A Poem about Prufrock’s Movements toward Poetic Maturity and Creativity (Published)

This paper represents a new approach to studying T. S. Eliot’s poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” It is an attempt to explore the poem’s theme by establishing connections among its parts, as well as by identifying similarities between Prufrock and the other characters mentioned in the poem. The poem features a lot of familiar social activities, with lines and phrases that are repeated and in which one can see elements of the main ideas of the poem. There is a dialectical relation between poetic creativity and everyday social activities. This study differs from previous attempts to understand it as principally a poem about loneliness and man’s modern crisis, or a poem about eroticism, by focusing on finding differences between Prufrock and the other characters in the poem. This fresh interpretation proves that the poem is concerned with Prufrock’s movements toward poetic creativity and maturity, with Eliot’s desire to be a poet being camouflaged within Prufrock’s character. The poem also tackles the problem of the insufficiency of language as a tool of expression. Yet, the end of the poem shows that Prufrock succeeds in crossing the threshold to the sea of imagination and creativity.

Keywords: Creativity, Eliot, Imagination, Ordinary, Prufrock, Readings

Teaching and Learning Creativity in Fashion. A Case Study of the Fashion Department of Takoradi Technical University (Published)

Ghanaian fashion products are generally described as “unattractive’ or “unimaginative” due mainly to poor creative designs. As a result, many Ghanaian fashion designers who are largely tertiary education graduates have been unable to compete favourably in both the local and international fashion markets.  With increasing complaints about the lack of creativity in Ghanaian clothing designs, it became imperative to research into the reasons for the poor creative skills of the fashion design graduates of the Technical Universities. Several factors could account for the poor creative skills of the fashion graduates; one critical factor being the method of teaching and learning creative design skills. The main thrust of this research is to examine the professionalism of the lecturers, the attitude of students to learning and the effectiveness of the teaching and learning methods and models used in the Technical University to promote student learning and development. The study briefly outlined existing theoretical frameworks on teaching and learning in colleges and their application to achieve effective student learning and acquisition of creative skills. The study employed the descriptive survey method; using Questionnaires, structured Interview and Observation instruments to gather primary data from professional fashion designers, lecturers and students on how to enhance the teaching and learning of creative fashion design.   This research confirmed the use of the traditional methods (lectures and textbooks) of teaching and learning at the Takoradi Technical University which according to existing research findings did not support the effective development and training of students to become life-long learners or critical thinkers. The study therefore recommended the use of more of the evidenced- based models like critical thinking and problem solving skills in the teaching and learning of creativity than the much fancied traditional methods of lecture, Hand-outs and textbook. The research concluded by encouraging lecturers to use alternative instructional models in teaching creativity and urging students to acquire innovative and critical thinking skills to become successful fashion designers.  

Keywords: Creativity, Critical thinking, Learning, Life-Long Learners, Models, Teaching

Increasing the Power of Humor and Creativity in ELT Classes (Published)

Teachers or professors who teach English as a second or as a foreign language use many different teaching techniques and approaches in their classes. Students who learn English as a second or as a foreign language enjoy learning English with the positive power of humor and creativity. In this study, the role of humor and cretaivity in ESL or in EFL classes will be handled. The definitions of humor and creativity will be given. Sample classroom activities which have been applied in my own teaching classes will be told. Useful books and websites will be suggested.

Keywords: Creativity, EFL classes, ESL classes, humor, sample classroom activities

Culture and Creativity in Post- Colonial Africa: Whither the State (Published)

This paper relates the state to culture and creativity. And that is precisely because the three are interrelated. The paper argues that, culture, being an embodiment of the arts, modes of life, value systems, traditions and belief systems of the people, determines the nature of people’s creativity in society. Again, the paper further argues that, the dominant values in society at any historical epoch are the values of the dominant class, which explains why cultural values are the reflections of those of the dominant class. And that is because the dominant class dominates society at all the levels of thoughts. Furthermore, the paper argues that the nature and character of the dominant class determine those of the state because the state is a representative of the dominant class. Thus, if the state is an institution that represents the values of the dominant class it therefore means that the prevailing values and ideas in any society, which are those of the dominant class, are strongly influenced by the activities and character of the state.  Finally, it is important, as argued in this paper, that we understand the nature and character of the dominant class in Africa and by extension, the African state, to enable us understand the dominant post-colonial culture in Africa and by implication the nature of creativity on the continent. That is the explanation that has been made here.

Keywords: African State, Creativity, Culture, Post-Colonial Africa

Sales force Attitude toward Market Orientation and impact on Innovative Performance with Mediating Effect of Creativity (Case-study of Iran-Transfo Industrial Group) (Published)

This study investigated the effect of market orientation of sales force on innovative performance with mediating effect of creativity: case-study of Iran Transfo Industrial Group. Research population included 150 sales force of Iran Transfo Industrial Group from which 108 were selected as sample. Data were collected through questionnaire and survey. Each item was based on 5-points Likert Scale. Face and content validity were used to validate the scale. To examine reliability Cronbach’s Alpha, Split half, and test-retest were employed. SPSS 21 were used to analyze data. In order to test hypothesis, Regression Analysis were used in SPSS data analysis.

Keywords: Competitor-Oriented, Creativity, Cross-Functional Coordination, Innovative Performance, Market Orientation

Critical Facets for Understanding and Enjoyment of English Poetry (Published)

In this article various critical opinions of prominent critics and poets on poetry and poems are to be examined in detail. Firstly, some statements and opinions, in connection with poetry are to be presented critically.  An acquaintance with poetry opens the mind to the wonder and joy of living and it can be related to ‘form’ as well as ‘meaning’ and how poets of different centuries have seen new and fresh possibilities within the unchanging limitations of poetry. It is also examined many critical observations of some particular poets and critics are done. This paper also related various poetical issues of great literary persons from classical age to modern age i.e. Horace to W. B. Yeats. In addition, the other poets such as Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Donne, Byron, Keats, Shelley, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Eliot and Auden are presented with apt instances. Finally the conclusion is drawn on the basis of the review of literature indicated.

Keywords: Appreciation, Creativity, Imagination, Metre, Poetry, Understanding

Moderating Effect of Smuggling, Bad Character and Negative Self-Comportment on the Creative Ability of Youths in Shaki Boarder Town, Oyo State Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the moderating effect of smuggling, bad character and negative self-comportment on the creative ability of youths in Shaki boarder town, Oyo State Nigeria. Using the descriptive survey research design, three research questions were asked and three hypotheses tested. Data were collected using four validated instruments, from two hundred (200) randomly selected youths residing in Shaki town in Oyo state Nigeria, a border town with Benin Republic. Analysis of data was done using the multiple regression analysis and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that the three independent variables made a joint contribution of 53% on the creative ability of youths. The composite effect of the independent variables as jointly contributive on the creative ability of youths are revealed as thus, R= .703, RS= .565, Adj. RS= .531 and Std. error of estimate 7.112. The result of the multiple regression analysis produced an F-ratio (3/196) = 57.09 which is significant at p<0.05 alpha level. The study further revealed significant relative and contributive effect of each of the independent variables as thus (smuggling β.441; bad character β.496 and negative self-comportment β.394) on the dependent variable. The findings suggest the need for employers of labour to ensure that they are supportive of their employees and possibly provide government, school and significant others to support the development of the creative potentials of youths. This would enable them to adjust favourably to the challenges of the 21st century Nigeria.

Keywords: Bad character, Creativity, Negative self-comportment, Nigeria, Shaki, Smuggling, Youths

Literary Translation as a Means of Creativity (Published)

This paper examines the Literary Translation as a Means of Creativity and it conceders it as a key by which a skilled translator deals with some of the most common problems in translation. Often, a translator will be torn between representing form versus content. Creativity is the thing that can find a harmonious balance between the two, and the whole process becomes more art than science. In addition, translations should not be literal. Rather, they need to convey the full meaning of the original text, which includes cultural context. Some languages have idioms and sayings that don’t exist in other languages. Many of these are based on cultural cues which may not even exist in the culture of the target language. One of the most difficult translation tasks can be translating poetry. A straight, literal translation will simply not suffice, as there are issues such as rhyming, imagery, rhythm, and flow to consider. Therefore, this paper explores the Literary Translation as a Means of Creativity. So, the apprehension surrounding creativity in translation is in part due to the indeterminacy of the term and in part to the frequent impression that creativity articulates less than exact translations.

Keywords: Creativity, Linguistic Uniqueness, Translator, translation

Guidance and Counselling: A Creativity for Promoting Sustainable Well Being and Adjustment of Secondary School Students in Nigeria. (Published)

The Nigerian education system adopted guidance and counselling as a school service programme meant to promote well being and optimal adjustment of learners. Its scope covers all aspects that enhance student’s excellent academic performances, preparation for and adaptations into vocations, and abilities meant for use in resolving personal, social and psychological problems. It emphasizes self direction and clear definition of purpose meant to actualize life skills for growth and development of learners in and out of school. Its importance in schools cannot therefore be over emphasized. It follows therefore that among other counselling techniques used in group dynamism, peer group counselling technique appears to among others, be good modalities for championing the means of creating the sustainable students’ well being and adjustment. Guidance and counselling should therefore be supported to cater accordingly for the stated purpose.

Keywords: Counselling, Creativity, Guidance, Students, wellbeing and Adjustment

AFRICAN LITERATURE A CELEBRATION OF ARTISTIC FREEDOM: AN EXAMINATION OF CHIMAMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS (Published)

This inquiry focuses on Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus. This is precisely because scholarly studies on Adichie and her literary pieces have attracted increasing interest in literature in recent times, as a result of her recognition as the new voice of Nigerian and indeed African literature, given that she has gained a measure of success that eludes many old and new generation writers within and outside Africa. Earlier scholarship on Chimamanda Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus was generally concerned with plot advancement, character presentation, subject matter and thematic projection. Regrettably, none has paid adequate attention to the aesthetic values of Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus. This therefore is the preoccupation of this exploration. This examination contends therefore that to extol her artistic liberty, Adichie uses Igbo English (IE) significantly as a deliberate but significant stylistic gizmo. Thus, Adichie writes her Purple Hibiscus in English Language and then she deploys supra-linguistics and para-verbal nuances such as local expressions, African oral tales, oral songs, code variation, transliteration, linguistic apposition, local idioms, incantations, and lampoons. All these language games and stylistic strategies boost the Africanity in her Purple Hibiscus.

Keywords: Creativity, Foregrounding, Nativization, Oral tradition, Style, Stylistics

CREATIVITY AND INSIGHT: A STUDY OF CHINESE UNDERGRADUATES IN MACAU (Published)

Most studies treat insight as an important unconscious process geared toward the generation of creative solutions to problems, but ignore the fact that creativity can be manifested in at least two distinct forms: verbal and figural. The purpose of the current study, therefore, was to investigate the relationship between insight and verbal and figural creativity. Participants were 108 Chinese second-year undergraduates in Macau. The results indicted that no significant correlations were found between insight and verbal and figural creativity. The hierarchical regression was also nonsignificant, which suggests that verbal and figural creativity can not predict insight. Extreme caution, however, should be exercised in the interpretation of these results, due to several identified limitations.

Keywords: Chinese students, Creativity, figural creativity, insight, verbal creativity

GENDER AND CREATIVITY: THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF NIGERIAN FEMALE WRITERS (Published)

Argument on the eroding creative prowess among Nigerian writers of the contemporary period has been rift in recent writing of Charles Nnolim. The basic tenet of his argument is that the “fleshly school” of writers focuses on women, wine, club and fun and therefore “lacks fiery, vituperative and caustic commitment of the older generation”. The ideological trust of this research opposes this view. Available evidences in the last two decades reveal that literary creativity has received a boast in the hands of Nigerian female writers whose thematic pre-occupation centered on gender theories and gender-related issues. Nigerian writers like Zulu Sofola, Tess Onwueme, Irene Salami-Agunloye, Tracie Chima Uto-Ezeajugh, Julie Okoh, Chimamanda Adichie , to mention but a few have established themselves as creative genius, winning National and International Awards. Presently, gender equality has assumed a central stage in the world political and literary scene, it is therefore unfair to regard such huge creative output as “trivialities” simply because they address issues that affect mostly women. This paper seeks to evaluate the contributions of these women to the growth of world literature in general and Nigerian creative writings in particular and concludes that the corpus of works by most of these writers is great works of arts in all ramifications.

Keywords: Creativity, Female, Gender, Nigerian, Writers

STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING THE IMAGINATIVE AND CREATIVE COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (Published)

Recognizing the several roles that education can play in turning a country around had prompted the Nigerian nation to change from the system of education that was bequeathed to her by the British colonialist into an education system that was believed, could move the country forward and accelerate a rapid growth and development. The Nigerian nation needed a system of education that could favorably compete with its developing counterparts in the area of science and technology, good governance and in socio-economic advancement; a system that could create a national consciousness in the citizens and a holistic development in all spheres of life. There was the need to have an education system that is result-focused and development-driven.With this challenge, it became binding and fundamental to design an education system that could transform the Nigerian nation in all respects and a system of education that is capable of building a sound and virile society for the Nigerian nation state. It was the general belief therefore, that the 6-3-3-4 system of education could make a dramatic and the desired change that the nation had long aspired to have. The system has taken more than a period of three decades now in practice, it is not too early nor out of purview to assess the product or take stock of its successes, failures, strengths and weaknesses. It is with this in view, that this paper has tried to look at one of the cardinal components of the New National Policy on Education, its functionality, how much it has impacted or challenged the imaginative and the creative competence of the Nigerian child especially at the secondary school level and how much it has transformed the beneficiaries of the system and the entire sectorial life of the Nigerian nation. In doing this, the paper has tried to look at few of the core techniques of teaching that are used often by teachers and how the traditional teaching techniques could be assisted to provoke the latent imaginative and the creative ability of the child by teachers in our secondary schools so as to achieve the goals that were set for the 6-3-3-4 system of education. To address this impasse, the study has stressed how the traditional teaching techniques could be fostered and be better strengthened through the use of strategies that could help to transform theories and practices learnt by students in the classroom to functional assets. In addition, how the strategies could synchronize with the existing teaching techniques to make a change in secondary school teaching and make learning easier was given a pertinent consideration. Recognizing the preponderance of the challenges foisted on our education system, some recommendations were made to the relevant bodies that oversee the running of education in Nigeria and, to those who are suppose to complement the efforts of those vested with the responsibility of managing the education industry in Nigeria

Keywords: Creativity, Imaginative competence, Innovation, Self-actualization, Self-improvement, Self-realization

A Review of the Inquiry of Creativity in Older Adults in Journals (Published)

Everyone possesses creativity and this ability is a normal distribution. However, most creativity researchers select eminent scientists or artists. In addition, in the education literature, creativity research focuses more on children or adolescents (especially college students) rather than older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the intellectual perceptions of creativity in older adults found in scholarly journals. This review attempted to sort out the assumptions underlying the portrayal of older adults and their relationship with creativity in scholarly journals from 1980 to 2012. After reviewing 56 journal articles, two themes emerged: the optimistic view of older adult lives and the need for creativity for successful aging. There is a call from not only educators but also policy makers to invest more funds and energy to promote creativity for (older) adult learners.

Keywords: Adult Education, Creativity, Literature Review, Older Adults

Satire As Typified In Ramonu Sanusi’s Le Bistouri Des Larmes (Published)

Literature is an essential weapon for socio-political, cultural and economic struggles among other things. This art called literature is a source of dialogue, debate, exchange and innovation. A form of creativity which allows transfer of culture and knowledge that are useful for coping with societal challenges In other words, it paints life with a view to share human experiences, feelings, imaginations, observations, findings, predictions and suggestions for practical realities. In this paper, we attempt to examine “Satire as exemplified in Ramonu Sanusi’s Le Bistouri des larmes.”The purpose is to enhance the decoding/understanding of African Literature of French expression. Our review is premised on sociological approach, which holds that literature and other forms of creative arts should be examined in the cultural, economic and political context in which they are written, produced or received. This literary theory explores the connections/relationships between the artist/writer and his or her society. To better understand a writer’s literarywork(s), it may probe into the writer’s society as well as studying how societal elements are represented in the literature itself since it is believed that literature has certain functions to perform in contributing to the development of human societies through moral or behaviour re-orientation. The paper concludes that satire is an essential mechanism in the hands of many African writers to achieve their motives.

Keywords: Creativity, Fiction, Literature, Non-Fiction, Satire, Social Transformation, Society