Tag Archives: COVID-19

Socio-Economic Effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on Logistics Industry in a Developing Nation (Published)

Logistics plays a vital role in the growing global economy and increaseed competition. Investment in logistics business enhances the economic growth of a nation. Consequently, COVID-19 virus crippled the economy. Thus, leading to recession. The aim of this research examined the socio-economic effects of Covid-19 virus on the logistics sectors in Nigeria. Both primary and secondary data were used in which descriptive and inferential statistics were adopted. Survey design was used for the inferential statistics.  Questionnaire was used as instrument to collect information from 120 respondents. The result showed that the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) decline because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, a relationship was established between COVID-19 and Logistic sector at r = 78.1%. It was concluded that COVID-19 pandemic has limited the logistics sector in terms of logistics service, revenue generation and employment opportunities. It was recommended that a less tax burden should be considered by the government to support the logistics sector.

Citation: Dosunmu Victor Ayodele (2022) Socio-Economic Effects of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) on Logistics Industry in a Developing Nation, European Journal of Logistics, Purchasing and Supply Chain Management, Vol.10 No.1, pp.24-30

Keywords: COVID-19, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), economic growth, logistics sector

The Impact of Monetary and Fiscal Policies On the Performance of the Industrial Sector in Nigeria: A Bounds Test Approach (Published)

This study explicitly digs into the separated impact of fiscal and monetary policies as government stabilization policies on the Nigerian industrial sector performance as a real sector, from 1986-2021, using the ARDL Bounds Testing Approach. The data were filtered with use of Augmented Dickey Fuller unit root test while Johansen cointegration test was used to justify the long-run relationship among all included variables. Annual data were gathered from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical Bulletin and World Bank Indicators (various issues). It was discovered that government stabilization policies are potent determinants on the industrial sector output in Nigeria both in the short-run and long-run. An appropriate monetary and fiscal policies mix and adjustments to match the dynamic nature of the economy would not only develop and sustain the Nigerian industrial sector but also enhance the living standard of the people.

Citation: Emmanuel Oghenekome Akpoghelie (2022) The Impact of Monetary and Fiscal Policies On the Performance of the Industrial Sector in Nigeria: A Bounds Test Approach, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.4, pp.1-22

Keywords: COVID-19, Fiscal Policy, Monetary Policy, bounds test approach, industrial output, stabilization policy

The Impact of Covid-19 on International Commercial Arbitration: challenges and solutions (Published)

This article examines the potential impact on future international arbitration proceedings. In the first chapter of this article, the researcher addressed the definition and its introduction and in the second chapter the researcher addressed the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on international arbitration, including the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on an international arbitration hearing and the impact of the epidemic on international litigation that addressed developments. In this regard, at the international level, the most appropriate sources, technology and digital record systems are changing, with strategies used in technology that maintains processes. In the following current events, the researcher addresses the impact of arbitration practices. In the Third chapter, the researcher dealt with the measures taken to Confrontation the challenges of international arbitration, and dealt with the legal basis for remote hearings in the International Chamber of Commerce, the American Arbitration Association, the London Committee of International Arbitration, and the Chinese International Economic and Commercial Arbitration Committee. The researcher concluded this study in the last chapter with some findings and recommendations.

Citation: Khaled Abed Alshakhanbeh (2022) The Impact of Covid-19 on International Commercial Arbitration: challenges and solutions, Global Journal of Politics and Law Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp.23-32



Keywords: : international arbitration, COVID-19, Litigation, commercial law

Learning in second-chance schools during COVID-19 Case study: Legal framework and distance learning platforms in Greek prisons (Published)

Citation: Athanasios Giannoulis , Leonidas Theodorakopoulosa and Hera Antonopoulou (2022)  Learning in second-chance schools during COVID-19 Case study: Legal framework and distance learning platforms in Greek prisons, European Journal of Training and Development Studies, Vol.9 No.1, pp.13-19

Abstract: In this research paper we focus on the problems concerning inmates’ access to education through Second Chance Schools operating within penitentiaries due to the Covid-19 pandemic. A specially encrypted platform has been created through open-source software that can provide distance learning and does not allow access to any part of the internet other than the learning process.

Keywords: COVID-19, Education, Human Rights, e-platform

Effect of Flipped Learning Method on the Writing Skill of EFL Saudi Students during the Covid-19 (Published)

Citation: Mohsin Raza Khan and Fozia Zulfiquar (2022) Effect of Flipped Learning Method on the Writing Skill of EFL Saudi Students during the Covid-19, International Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol.10, No.2, pp., 1-11

Abstract: This study aimed at investigating the effect of flipped learning on the writing skill of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study was conducted on level 1 students of the Department of English, Faculty of Languages & Translation (FLT), King Khalid University (KKU) during the first semester of 2020-2021. 60 students from two sections of Eng. 112 Writing 1- Course participated in this study. Students of section number 595 were chosen for the experimental group; students of section number 597 were chosen for the control group. There were 30 students in each group. The experimental group was taught writing skill using flipped learning in both asynchronous and synchronous settings, and the control group was taught writing skill only in the synchronous setting. A quasi-experimental design was employed for collecting the data. A pre-test and post-test in the form of an online written exam was administered in both synchronous and flipped learning settings. The result of the post-test showed that the experimental group performed better than the control group. A semi-structured interview with the students in the experimental group was also conducted for examining their perception of the flipped learning model. The students had a positive view of flipped learning model.


Keywords: COVID-19, Students’ Perception, flipped learning, writing skill

Material Resources Management as Means to Satisfactory Profit and Environmental Sustainability: Looking Beyond Covid-19 Pandemic Era (Published)

Material resources management has become a very necessary survival strategy for businesses in the Covid-19 pandemic period  but this may have effect on product quality, by reducing sales and profit while there may not be visible effect on achieving environmental sustainability. Consequently, this study explored how a good balance can be achieved in material resources management, profit and still achieve environmental sustainability. The population and sample of the study were respectively made up 358 and 189 managers in Anambra and Delta state drawn from both public and private sectors. Due to large sample size and Covid-19 social distancing demand, an online survey was used for the study. The e-questionnaire was designed in a five-point Likert scale structure with some open space for unstructured responses. The result of the Z-test statistical analyses revealed, effective utilization of raw materials, material recycling, material re-use, reduction in material quantity usage are keys to satisfactory profit beyond Covid-19 pandemic era and guarantee environmental sustainability. By policy implication, there is need to constitute environmental monitoring agencies by the state governments who would be charged with the responsibility of tracing re-usable wastes in disposal places back to the producers for necessary penalties in order to encourage more environmentally sustainable processes and there is a wake-up call here on National governments, more particularly the Nigerian Government to begin to build policies that would ensure future availability of raw-material inputs especially as the activities of herdsmen are currently ravaging and discouraging local agricultural businesses which form the major source of raw materials for most production businesses. If policy measures are not taken in earnest, it constitutes a very huge threat to the existence of most businesses in Nigeria and even to environmental sustainability. As such, it is recommended that every business creates an environmental sustainability committee to be charged with the responsibility of assessing every business process to ensure compliance with sustainability requirements and waste management, use recyclable material resources alternatives and consider alternative packaging that would retain quality without increase in product prices.

Citation: Rachael Okwudili Iliemena, Priscilla Uche Egolum, Happiness Chibuzor Goodluck, and, Clement Chuks Ozue   (2022) Material Resources Management as Means to Satisfactory Profit and Environmental Sustainability: Looking Beyond Covid-19 Pandemic Era, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 1, pp.55-70


Keywords: COVID-19, Materials Management, Waste Management, corporate resources, sustainability and profit

The Socioeconomic Impacts and Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Omicron Variant: The Case of Sudan (Published)

Viruses mutate over time, and SARS-CoV-2 is no exception. Mutations in viruses occur naturally, and the more they circulate, the more likely they are to mutate. This study mainly focuses on assessing the socio-economic effects and implications of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the newely emerged Omicron variant in Sudan. A qualitative research approach was adopted in which a combination of secondary and primary data were collected. In this regard, a systematic literature review of peer-reviewed articles was carried out to collect the secondary data. While semi-structured personal interviews were conducted with key stakeholders. Furthermore, purposive/judgmental sampling was utilized to select interviewees, and their responses were analyzed using thematic content analysis. The findings of this study showed that Sudan’s economy was already stressed before the occurrence of the COVID-19 pandemic, due to currency crises, high inflation rates, and the inability of the authorities to provide subsidies. Moreover, the outbreak of coronavirus and subsequent lockdown ,in the first wave, had further worsened the socio-economic situation. The country suffered due to a sharp downfall in productivity, supply, and demand. All of which had adversely affected business sustainability, consumers’ preference and consumption, remittance inflows, and resulted in mass poverty in rural areas. Also, the emergence of Omicron variant have placed the global health systems on high alert. Therefore,this study proposes a framework to extend the research on the macro and microeconomic factors, that shape up the socioeconomic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and Omicron variant. Furthermore, it recommended that Sudan’s poliy makers must reinforce and rebuild the health system as quickly as possible. To aid the country in recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic and any other catastrophic epidemic. In addition, the government must reform rules and invest in public health, economic stimulus, and social safety nets.

Keywords: COVID-19, Demand, Socioeconomic, business sustainability, omicron variant, supply

Public Perception of Policing during Covid-19 Pandemic Lockdown: A Modality Analysis (Published)

Police as a phenomenon with public service essence state responsibility is deemed to be crucial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the public perceptions and experienced-based feelings and reactions to police during the Pandemic time. The study chose the public comments posted online as reactions to and opinions of a particular police incident that went viral in the netizens’ world. Using Halliday’s systemic functional grammatical tool i.e., modality, the study analyzed the data. The findings and some recommendations are discussed.

Keywords: : Modality, COVID-19, Facebook comments, India, Police

Zinc and Covid-19: Novel ways to maintain optimal zinc balance (Published)

The earlier studies have shown that zinc deficiency can hinder host-defense systems to increase the susceptibility to various viral and bacterial infections, and thus in view of the global COVID-19 pandemic, potential protective effect of zinc is of particular interest.  As it has become clear that zinc deficiency is induced by the non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) based on the our works, the use of our non-toxic iron chelators can be recommended as the supportive treatment in therapy of COVID-19 infection, because our iron chelators may prevent the zinc deficiency by inhibiting the formation of iron deposition containing much iron and zinc ions through removing or controlling the iron(III) ions in NTBI.

Keywords: Anti-oxidant Function, COVID-19, NTBI and Iron Deposition, Zinc

Impacts of COVID-19 in Tourism Sectors: A study of Sauraha Chitwan (Published)

Nepal announced 2020 as years of visit Nepal and January 1st Government of Nepal also inaugurated the visit Nepal 2020 in Dasaratha Stadium Kathmandu. Public and private sectors have invested Millions to achieve the goal of Visit Nepal 2020, however, soon after the inauguration of Visit Nepal 2020 COVID-19 introduced in Nepal. The effect also falls in the tourism of Sauraha. The can be seen various impacts of COVID-19 in tourism sectors like jungle safari, hotels, restaurants. The study analyzes peoples’ perception on the effect of COVID-19 on tourism sectors. The study followed both descriptive and analytical research design based on qualitative paradigm of the research. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources, however, findings and conclusion of the study was based on primary data. Only 25 individual respondents randomly selected to collect the information about the impacts of COVID-19 on tourism. From the data analysis and presentation it is found that social, economic, cultural and psychological impacts occurred in study area specially, in tourism sectors.


Keywords: COVID-19, Chitwan tourism, Sauraha

Effect of Covid-19 Lockdown on Human Resource Performance on Deposit Money Banks in Yola Metropolis (Published)

The corona virus pandemic is a global challenge that adversely affected the human race in almost all strata of life especially the economic sector. It is therefore in light of the above that this study examines the effect of Covid-19 lockdown on human resources performance on deposit money banks in Nigeria with particular reference to Yola metropolis. The study adopted dual research method where survey and in-depth interview were deployed to retrieved data from the sampled population which comprises of employees and management staff of various banks in Yola metropolis. Findings of the study revealed that the Covid-19 lockdown adversely and enormously affected the operations of money deposit banks especially in the area of human resource performance as all banks were either partially or totally shutdown during the lockdown. It was also found that panic and incessant fear of the unknown affected the employees from discharging their duties even when the lockdown was lifted. The study recommended among other things that is the need for effective communication in organizations during time of uncertainty such as the outbreak of the corona virus in order to minimize or eliminate fear among employees because it has the potency to deter their performance. Furthermore, there is the need for organizations to always strategize on how to motivate and retain their employees during uncertainties times’ especially economic tumult.

Keywords: COVID-19, Effect, Human Resources, Performance, lockdown

Organizational Mindfulness: Imperative for Effectiveness in an Era of Change in the Tourism Industry (Published)

This paper discusses the role of organizational mindfulness as a basis for effectiveness during change events or situations which may have possible negative impacts on the wellbeing and operations of the Tourism Industry. The concerns of the paper captured the conceptualization of mindfulness as an organizational level concept, and its application within the context of the social learning theory. Thus the objectives of the paper bothered on the implications of organizational mindfulness based on the social learning theory, the conceptualization of both concepts – organizational mindfulness and effectiveness, and the role of organizational mindfulness in the actualization of effectiveness within the context of the change – such as that necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic.  A position was established based on literature review, on the imperatives of considerations in the viability of change actions. It was thereupon concluded that mindfulness at the organizational level is vital for addressing the change behaviour and goals of the organization and as such necessary for sustaining the functions of Tourism organizations during change related situations or events; thereby  enhancing the effectiveness of organization.

Citation: Obiora, Judipat Nkiru (2021) Organizational Mindfulness: Imperative for Effectiveness in an Era of Change in the Tourism Industry, European Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, Vol.9, No.4, pp.1-10

Keywords: COVID-19, Effectiveness, Organizational Change, Tourism, mindfulness, social cognitive theory

Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns (Published)

Restrictions on movement and basic human rights inevitably causes a negative impact on the mental health of individuals worldwide. This could become particularly apparent in the UK where the government placed firm restrictions on the movement and freedom of the public in response to COVID-19. This study aimed to determine associations between mental health and strategies adopted by residents to cope with lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-reported data were collected from 647 adults through an online survey. Results revealed that over 20% of participants reported symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Multivariable logistic regression analysis confirmed that participants reporting use of positive coping strategies (spending time meditating and with pet companions) had significantly lower odds of experiencing symptoms of PTSD; whereas those who spent time social distancing by communicating with others online and exercising at home showed increased odds of experiencing PTSD symptoms. This study signifies COVID-19 as a major source of mental distress for adults residing in the UK and advocates various methods of coping during such stress-inducing times.

Citation: Joanne Lusher, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan,  Maher Rashwan Attaallah Mohamed, Roberta Ariel Abeldaro Zuñiga, Maha El Tantawi, Ntombifuthi P Nzimande, Passent Ellakany, Anthonia Omotola Ishabiyi,  Giuliana Florenica Abeldaño, Ala’a B Al-Tammemi, Olubukola Popoola, Muhammad Abrar Yousaf (2021) Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.16-26


Keywords: Adults, COVID-19, Coping, Mental Health, UK, lockdowns

Qualitative analysis of mental health issues among at-home workers in the COVID-19 era: implications for clinical intervention (Published)

Little research attention has been given to mental health issues arising from the lifestyle change of working from home in the Nigerian context. Likewise, research findings in the extant literature on mental wellbeing of employees working from home are mixed. Therefore, the qualitative study examines mental health issues among at-home workers in the Covid-19 era to serve clinical practice and intervention. Data were obtained from 106 employees in service organisations in South-western, Nigeria, using a questionnaire with closed-ended questions. Results showed that employees’ experiences reflected a range of relatively mild mental health issues such as fears, anxiety and some elements of depressive disturbances/symptoms with sex differences on some of their concerns. Findings revealed that employees are delighted about working from home because they feel protected from contracting corona virus and are able to stretch their work routine far into the day with frequent breaks. Respondents commonly reported that working from home was stressful/less productive and generated work-family conflict issues. They reported difficulties arising from inadequate equipment and challenges associated with communicating with co-workers and supervisors. The practical implications of findings for mental health, clinical practice and intervention are discussed.

Citation: Mojisola S. Ajayi & David. E. Okurame (2021) Qualitative analysis of mental health issues among at-home workers in the COVID-19 era: implications for clinical intervention, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.1-15

Keywords: COVID-19, Clinical intervention, Mental Health, Nigerian employees, at-home workers

Online Teaching and Learning: Perceptions and Readiness of Pre-Service Teachers (Published)

The study sought to evaluate pre-service teachers’ perceptions and readiness towards online learning in Akatsi College of Education. The study used descriptive survey design. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from two hundred and twenty-three pre-service teachers who were purposively sampled for the study. The data collected was analysed using percentages, means and standard deviations. The results revealed that majority of the pre-service teachers preferred face-to-face to online method, found it difficult using online learning facilities. Majority of the pre-service teachers perceived that the use of online learning would improve their creativity in disseminating and experiencing learning.  In addition, majority of the pre-service teachers did not have good internet broadband to get them connected to an online learning class. They were also distracted at homes during online lessons coupled with erratic power supply. Majority of the preservice teachers have negative perceptions and were not ready for online learning. Consequently, it was recommended that Government of Ghana invested more in the area of communication infrastructural facilities as well as partnering with telecommunication companies to provide very effective broadband internet connectivity to college servers and students at reasonable cost to facilitate online learning classes.

Citation: Mark Mishiwo,  Benedicta Enid Mawuse Danku,  Martha Ayivor, Florence Doe  (2021) Online Teaching and Learning: Perceptions and Readiness of Pre-Service Teachers, British Journal of Education, Vol. 9, Issue 9, pp.101-113

Keywords: COVID-19, Perceptions, Pre-Service Teachers, online learning, readiness

Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on accounting and financial reporting in Nigeria (Published)

The predicament that befell the entire world as a result of the Covid 19 has been a matter of concern researchers. This paper hereby examines the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on accounting and financial reporting in Nigeria. The objectives of this paper are to ascertain the differences between the published financial reporting before and during COVID-19 era; determine how firms in Nigeria reported events after the reporting period during the COVID- 19 era as recommended by the Financial Reporting Council; ascertain the extent to which COVID-19 affects the going concern of firms in Nigeria; determine how COVID-19 affects the interim financial reporting affected; and to examines how firms in Nigeria reported changes in expected credit losses for financial assets as stated in the guideline recommended by Financial Reporting Council during COVID-19 era. The study employs cross-sectional approach where data were collected at a particular point in time from different companies. Secondary financial data was collected from multiple sample sources to ensure a fair representation, namely: The Manufacturing sector, financial sectors and conglomerates of the Nigerian economy. Independent t-test and Logit Binary Regression Model was employed to test the hypotheses of the study using SPSS version 25. This paper revealed that there is significant difference between the published financial reporting before and during COVID-19 era; COVID-19 has significant effect on the events after the reporting period, going concern of firms in Nigeria, interim financial reporting, and COVID-19 has significant effect on changes in expected credit losses for financial assets. Arisen from the findings of this study, this paper recommended that management of industries should embrace all the COVID-19 precautions, and government should salvage this devastating effect of COVID-19 by channelling more funds to the sectors affected by the pandemic.

Citation: Raimi Adekunle ANISERE-HAMEED (201) Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on accounting and financial reporting in Nigeria, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.9, No. 6, pp.50-63


Keywords: Accounting, COVID-19, Financial Reporting, pandemic

An Analysis of COVID-19 Poster of the Ghana Health Service: A Semiotic Approach (Published)

The COVID-19 virus is a new virus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The virus is primarily spread between people during close contact, most often via small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, and talking. The droplets usually fall to the ground or onto surfaces rather than travelling through air over long distances. Transmission may also occur through smaller droplets that are able to stay suspended in the air for longer periods of time. Less commonly, people may become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their face. A number of people in Ghana are continually being infected on daily basis and as such the government has made efforts to reduce the spread and rate of infections through one of its agencies, Ghana Health Service under the Ministry of Health by educating the general public to observe the safety protocols through a COVID-19 poster advertisement. The rationale for choosing COVID-19 poster for the study is because posters are multimodal texts that combine textual and visual modes to educate the Ghanaian populace to adhere to the COVID-19 safety protocols. Textual modes refer to the words written on the selected poster while visual modes refer to the non-verbal signs displayed in the image. The objective of this study is to investigate how semiotic and textual modes are exploited to control and direct the attitude of the reader towards the images. The educative poster of the Ghana Health Service was subjected to a qualitative analysis using Barthes (1998) Semiotic Theory. This research looks at the visual and textual modes of the COVID-19 poster used at vantage points in public places and in various institutions. A descriptive research design was employed for this study as the most suitable for the attainment of the study objectives. The findings show that COVID-19 poster generally deliver a message that together we can defeat COVID-19 by following the safety protocols and obeying government regulations. And also, by observing and analysing the verbal and visual signs in the poster, each of these images and verbal signs are designed to convey an idea or a message, and communicate to readers to have a special effect on them. Again, this study establishes that the visual design as visual language is culturally specific and that the poster represents our environment; social interaction that is the interaction between the producer of the image and the reader.

Citation: Eric Aning (2021) An Analysis of COVID-19 Poster of the Ghana Health Service: A Semiotic Approach, European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, Vol.9, No.6, pp.56-68

Keywords: COVID-19, Visual modes, multimodal, semiotic modes, textual modes

Emotional Dissonance and Psychological Burnout on Role Performance among COVID-19 Frontline Healthcare Workers (Published)

A sporadic novel corona virus disease, COVID-19 was first diagnosed in humans in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Since this unprecedented occurrence, COVID-19 has become a global pandemic leading to short- and long-term psychological ill-health to people from all walks of life.  In this situational framework, patients and front-line healthcare workers have become the most vulnerable. The main aim of the study was to explore emotional dissonance and psychological burnout on role performance of COVID-19 frontline healthcare workers in Busia County, Kenya. Cross-sectional   research design was employed. A standardized set of questionnaire was used to quantify the data. For this study, the researchers adopted multi-stage sampling technique to collect the data from the frontline healthcare workers in selected public hospitals in Busia County. The collected data were analyzed with multivariate regression analysis while qualitative findings were transcribed under themes.The findings show that emotional dissonance had an influence on role performance of frontline HCWs since the results are statistically significant. Males were more likely to experience emotional dissonance as opposed to females. Conversely, the findings revealed that psychological burnout had an insignificant relationship with role performance.  Probably the sample size was small or the test items failed to meet the assumptions of the cultural orientation of the majority of the participants in the study.  The outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic might have conflicted with the Healthcare Workers calling and professional orientation. Most frontline healthcare workers in hospitals had not received adequate psychotherapy in preparation for COVID-19. Emotional dissonance seems more (certainly-delete) a consequence of unprecedented infection. Certainly Healthcare Workers obligation to save life might have been frustrated leading to exaggerated emotional dissonance and decline in performance output. Knowledge levels about COVID (have-delete) proved to have massive impact on severity and susceptibility of Healthcare Workers.There is need to bridge the gap in the knowledge levels, help improve on the understanding on how to freely handle the pandemic. Call for bridging the gaps in training of healthcare workers to overcome the fear that comes with knowledge of COVID-19 adversities. Intensified counselling and psychosocial support to HealthCare Workers and community sensitisation. Further research on home-based care since it has proven to be affordable alternative to hospital care or isolation.


Keywords: COVID-19, Role Performance, emotional dissonance, frontline healthcare workers, psychological burnout

COVID-19 and Education in Oman (Published)

COVID-19 pandemic has swept through the world and brought about abrupt changes in every sector of life, including the area of ELT (English language teaching). This essay explores briefly from my humble point of view, as an in-service Omani cycle 2 English teacher, the impact of the current pandemic on ELT curriculum, teaching methods, and educational growth of teachers.

Keywords: COVID-19, ELT, Education, Oman

The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Questioning of the Principle of the Human Development Index (Published)

The covid19 epidemic has definitely affected nearly all economic and social activities across the world, in addition to its destructive and fatal impacts. As a result, estimates for global economic growth have been lowered downward. Furthermore, the pandemic scenario has pushed scientific study in new areas in order to discover answers to the new problems that have arisen as a result of the epidemic. We have questioned the idea of calculating the human development index (HDI) in this context, while providing new assessment criteria judged useful and compatible with pandemic conditions to evaluate sub-dimensional development indicators pertaining to health, education, and income. As a result, we have shown that the environmental dimension is necessary for measuring the progression of the HDI, allowing us to offer a novel HDI calculation formula.

Keywords: COVID-19, Human development, Index, pandemic, principle