This paper reviewed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education by preliminary document studies. In Cambodia, as of 30 October 2020, school closures replaced by distance learning. First, the paper highlighted the immediate impact on student learning and wellbeing, mostly kids. Second, it illustrated teachers and school personnel are facing on adapting with ICT skills to support distance learning. Third, it showed ineffective delivery of continuous learning and learning outcomes are not quite well and limit for quality of education. Finally, it stated the implementation of the Ministry of Education Youth and Sports (MoEYS) Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2019-2023 is also severely impacted by the pandemic. To address these challenges, MoEYS developed learning platforms and continue learning programs for line learning. The Joint Technical Working Group (JTWG), MoEYS and ESWG created objectives for the Education COVID-19 Response Plan. MoEYS is planning to reopen educational institutions in three phases with the strictest health safety standards by blended learning following the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for the condition of Covid-19. The paper recommended that the government and MoEYS and stakeholders should respond to the situations during the Covid-19 pandemic: i). The continuous learning program should be strengthened as a priority for online learning with social media to ensure effective learning; ii). The digital infrastructure should be promoted in the countryside and remote areas to strengthen online learning with the platforms of MoEYS; iii). The ICT skills and digital education should be strengthened by providing training and development to teachers to ensure effective online learning; and teachers and students engagement, and iv). The content and curriculum on paper should be adapted and replaced by digital form to ensure effective learning and teaching.
This article aims to investigate the relationships between culture and Language. The motivation for this article is driven from the need to understand how culture plays an effective role in learning EFL through suitable specific instructional strategies. One of the educators ‘ attempts is to take the advantage of the technology to invest the culture to get effective learning of the English Language through E-tools. And this serves and support education in the age of COVID-19.Language is the backbone of communication. It is more than vocabularies and grammar, it comprises cultural, social, and communicative settings that were considered the fruitful environment to learn the language. Teaching cultural content via E-tools is a unique method of teaching the English Language in the crisis to bridge the educational gaps in the students’ learning in the E- space of learning. There are cultural issues that are deserved to be learned and adopting them in the educational system for widening the pupils ‘minds toward learning English as a second language. Those issues could be implemented by suitable teaching strategies to let students learn professionally as well as to overcome the cultural challenges in light of COVID-19.
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Preventive Measures towards COVID-19 among Pregnant Women Attending Selected Primary Health Centre’s in Osogbo, Osun State (Published)
Background: COVID-19 is a new viral disease, and health researchers are currently evaluating its effects on pregnant women and their unborn children. There is dearth of research available to support the argument that pregnant women are at greater risk of COVID-19 disease.Methods: This study used an exploratory research design to examine the knowledge, attitude and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo, Osun state. 382 subjects were selected using a simple random technique. Self-developed questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and the results were presented using tables and percentages. Six null hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. Results: Result of this study shows that nearly half of the respondents are within 18-25 (45.0%) years of age, 79(63.6%) are Muslims and 358(93.7%) are from the Yoruba tribe. This study also reveals that the respondents do have significant knowledge on the novel Coronavirus disease and a good attitude towards the prevention of COVID-19 as they practice frequent hand washing, sanitizer use and maintenance of social distancing. From the hypothesis tested, there is significant association between the education level of the respondents and their knowledge and attitude of preventive measures towards COVID-19 and no association between the age of the pregnant women and practice of preventive measures towards COVID-19. Conclusion: From the study, there seems to be a moderate level of awareness on the preventive measures towards COVID-19 among pregnant women in Osogbo but increase in the level of awareness and educational program can be done by the government and health workers in order have a very good attitude and awareness which will eventually improve the rate of adherence and compliance towards COVID-19 preventive measures.
Prevalence and Covid-19 Testing (Published)
An outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China was initially reported to the World Health Organization in December 2019. Global health authorities purportedly identified a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) which continues to effect most of the world. Diagnostic testing for SARS-CoV-2 continues to advance and interpreting test results is paramount. The most commonly used diagnostic test has been the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction amplification. Determining test precision not only depends on operating characteristics, sensitivity and specificity, but more importantly on prevalence of the infectious in the population tested. This paper develops a numerical optimizer (model) to explore the effect of prevalence on surveillance testing accuracy. Findings herein suggest that large scale COVID-19 surveillance testing should be curbed or eliminated. Results advocate a more flexible and narrowly targeted approach to testing strategies.
The Impact of Covid-19 Induced Capital Flight on the Bond and Foreign Exchange Markets In Ghana (Published)
This paper provides evidence on the adverse effects of Covid-19 induced capital flight on the bond and foreign exchange markets in Ghana. Based on trend analysis, the study found significant portfolio reversals after the country recorded its first case of Covid-19 on March 12, 2020. This excessive capital flight had a far-reaching adverse impact on nominal exchange rate. Precisely, the Ghanaian Cedi shed earlier gains recorded in the first half of the year against the US Dollar. The prime contribution of this study is that it provides insight into the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the bond and foreign exchange markets in Ghana. To the best of our knowledge, this study is novel in the sense that no prior study has examined the response of the domestic bond market and nominal exchange rate to unanticipated global shocks in Ghana. The findings imply that, over-reliance on foreign portfolio inflows renders the bond and foreign exchange market vulnerable to unanticipated external shocks. Thus, the Covid-19 pandemic is a wake-up call for operationalization of policies to strategically develop the domestic bond market in order to build a wider domestic investor base to cushion the Ghanaian economy from such shocks.
Education is a key player in addressing any social problem; it provides individuals with the necessary skills and knowledge to cope with any eventuality. Conceiving the fact that the school is a veritable tool to fixing the society in all spheres of life, including outbreak of diseases such as COVID-19, this study makes a case for Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) as an appropriate pedagogical approach so that information and facts about the disease can be brought to real life situations. Opinions and ideas on COVID-19 were obtained from secondary sources and analysed qualitatively leading to the suggestion that schools should reopen for students to leverage the opportunities which COVID-19 has presented to education.
The covid-19 pandemic as declared by WHO in March 2020 is a game changer that introduced a “new normal” of every facet of life, every sector of the economy and every cluster of the population. The key indicators of business plan and continuity, government policies and security imopacting logistics have been affected and in all affecting the short-term survival rate of the poultry industry.The analysis revealed that all proxies of covid-19 indicators such as business plan and continuity, government policies and security impacting logistics have a significant positive effect on the financial health of the poultry industry (Adjusted R2= 0.949, F-statistics = 5.512 : p= 0.000<0.05). Thus, the research concluded that a well-managed Covid-19 indicators and proxies have a significant positive effect on the financial health of the poultry industry in Nigeria.
Life-Distress and Work Burnout as Predictors of Organizational Reactions and Social-Emotional Stability of Nurses in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) (Implications for Covid-19 Health-Care Givers/Providers) (Published)
The study examined life-distress and work-burnout as predictors of nurses’ organizational reactions and social-emotional stability in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra). A cluster-sampled 230 General Hospitals nurses in Anambra State between 25-48 years and SD 5.33 participated, in which valid/reliable instruments, predictive cross-sectional designs, and multiple regression statistics were adopted. Findings were: Life-distress has relationship with organizational reactions of the nurses. Burnout does not have relationship with nurses’ organizational reactions. Life-distress does not have relationship with nurses’ emotional stability. Burnout adversely affects nurses’ emotional stability. Life-distress will not lead to nurses’ organizational reactions. Life-distress will not lead to nurses’ emotional stability. Burnout will not lead to nurses’ organizational reactions. Low burnout will lead to nurses’ emotional stability. Recommendations: While encouraging nurses to develop work competencies for coping with life-distress and burnout, complimentary healthy psycho-organizational enablers should be established in hospitals. This will assist health-care givers cope with pressure of managing COVID-19 pandemic.
The present paper discusses the economic features of the current Covid-19 outbreak and its relation to labor markets and new skills in demand. It mainly focuses in analysing the recent global trends in affected sectors, examines the current unemployment issues while deepens in the kind of new skills and soft skills in demand that are necessary for an easier transition to the new Covid-19 way of life.
Media Dependency and Information-Seeking Behaviour of Uyo Residents during the Covid 19 Pandemic in Nigeria (Published)
This study examined media dependency and information-seeking behaviour of Uyo residents during the Covid-19 pandemic in Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research method with questionnaire as an instrument for gathering data. The population of the study comprised of Akwa Ibom State residents based on the 2018 National Population Commission (NPC) projected census figure of 2006 taken at 3.4% yearly growth rate which gave the figure as 4,828,267. The researcher adopted the multi-stage sampling technique to select respondents for the study. A sample size of 500 was chosen using Comprey and Lee’s sample guide. Out of 500 copies of the questionnaire distributed to respondents, 480 were returned and found useful for the study. The study found out that during health emergency situation like the covid-19 pandemic which was occasioned by anxiety, tension, fear and uncertainty, residents depended more on the media to obtain information that can help reduce tension and fear. The study recommends that the mass media should be objective, fair, honest and devoid of bias during health emergencies like covid-19 pandemic since a lot of media audience rely on them for health updates.
Coronavirus outbreaks affect human beings as a whole and can be a cause of serious illness and death. Machine learning (ML) models are the most significant function in disease prediction, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, in high-performance forecasting and used to help decision-makers understand future situations. ML algorithms have been used for a long time in many application areas that include recognition and prioritization for certain treatments. Too many ML furcating models are used to deal with problems. In this study, predict a pandemic outbreak using the ML forecasting models. The models are designed to predict Covid-19, depending on the number of confirmed cases, recovered cases and death cases, based on the available dataset. Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Polynomial Regression (PR) models were used for this study to predict Covid-19 ‘s aggressive risk. All three cases, such as confirmed, recovered and death, models predict death in Ethiopia over the next 30 days. The experimental result showed that SVM is doing better than PR to predict the Covid-19 pandemic. According to this report, the pandemic in Ethiopia increased by half between the mid of July 2020. Then Ethiopia will face a number of hospital shortages, and quarantine place.
Covid-19 and Brain Damage: Non-Toxic Iron Chelators Can Prevent Adem and Brain Damage by Covid-19 (Published)
Based on the chemical mechanism of degradation of cholesterol and myelin, we would like to propose that non-toxic iron chelators including SP10, natural or artificial lignin derivatives can be the best supplement against COVID-19, especially to prevent brain damage including ADEM.
This paper is focused on the influence of covid-19 pandemic on women entrepreneurial success in Oyo State, Nigeria. It discussed the origin of Coronavirus; how deadly and infectious the virus is. The paper further discussed the rate at which the virus was spreading and killing people all over the world. It also discussed how the Coronavirus affected the economic, religious and, social activities of women in the state. The paper concluded that the lockdown to stay-safe at home had to be observed for people to be protected from being infected and the infected people be quarantined for medical attention to avoid the spread of the virus. It also recommended that government should release money to the commercial and microfinance banks with specifications and directives on how loans will be given to the eligible people. It also recommended that government should organize seminars, workshops and training on small scale businesses for the public especially women to eradicate poverty. The paper further recommended that government should set up a committee that will help in distribution of financial donations from agencies and other palliatives through the bank officials and National Population Commission Officials.
How to Teach English Lessons during Prevention and Control of COVID19: A Case Study of a Higher Vocational College in China (Published)
During prevention and control of COVID-19 in China, different modes of online education are conducted in all kinds of schools, from primary to universities. This paper illustrates how College English course is taught in Shandong College of Electric Technology in China. With reference of MOOC and SPOC theories, lessons are carefully redesigned and provided on Chaoxing Platform, one of the 37 leading online education platforms in China. Taking advantage of MOOC, SPOC and micro-course online videos, all lessons are deliberately redesigned and provided either on live or in recordings. Survey shows over 80% students are gratified with the online course and effectiveness of the online course is equal to classroom teaching.
Nigerians Perspectives on Covid-19 Pandemic and How It Affects Their Lifestyle and Financial Status (Published)
Covid-19 is a viral disease that originated from Wuhan province of China. The virus has rapidly crossed borders, infecting and killing people in many countries including Nigeria. Undoubtedly, the pandemic has massive impact on the activities of Nigerians, including social lifestyle and income. The age-long communal behavior of Nigerians, like attendance to religion gatherings, ceremonies, and sports, has been hampered due to covid-19 pandemic. Also, due to this pandemic, Nigeria´s economy has declined drastically. This study was conducted to understand the perspective of Nigerians about Covid-19, and how it affected their lifestyle and financial status. Method: An online survey was conducted using the combination of few open ended and closed ended questions to gather data from a total of 325 respondents in Nigeria. Results: Majority of the respondents had adequate knowledge about the Covid-19 infection, its preventive measures, and its mode of transmission. Furthermore, over half of the respondents admitted that the pandemic has adversely affected their social lifestyle and financial status. Conclusion: There is need for provision of financial assistance and distribution of palliatives to all Nigerians during this pandemic. The government should also ensure the safety of all citizens, as social vices increase amidst the pandemic. A policy against increment of price of commodities should be established and implemented.
The earlier studies have shown that zinc deficiency can hinder host-defense systems to increase the susceptibility to various viral and bacterial infections, and thus in view of the global COVID-19 pandemic, potential protective effect of zinc is of particular interest. As it has become clear that zinc deficiency is induced by the non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) based on the our works, the use of our non-toxic iron chelators can be recommended as the supportive treatment in therapy of COVID-19 infection, because our iron chelators may prevent the zinc deficiency by inhibiting the formation of iron deposition containing much iron and zinc ions through removing or controlling the iron(III) ions in NTBI.
The Chinese government is heavily promoting traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) as treatment for COVID-19 at present, but there are no rigorous trial data to demonstrate that the remedies work. Based on our recent works, we have elucidated the chemical properties of TCM, and have proposed the scientific origin of “Japan Paradox”.
Covid-19 Lockdown, Locus of Control and State Anxiety among Residents of Plateau State Nigeria (Published)
A total of 406 participants include 211 (52.0%) males and 195 (48.0%) females participated in this study. Three (3) hypotheses were tested using linear regression at 0.05 significant level. Findings of the study revealed that, the value of the calculated statistic of COVID-19 lockdown was significant, t = 7.070, p = 0.000 (p <.05). The value of calculated statistics of internal locus of control was not significant, t = 1.708, p = 0.088 (p>.05). Furthermore, the value of calculated statistics of external locus of control was significant, t = -4.088, p = 0.000 (P<.05). The researchers conclude that mental health status of individuals should be taken into consideration during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. It is therefore, recommended that mental health practitioners such as clinical psychologists and psychiatrists should be included as part of the task force to address COVID-19 pandemic considering the possible increase of mental health challenges during and after the pandemic.
The Impact of Coronavirus (Covid 19) On the Economy in the Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia: A Review (Published)
Ever since the appearance of the coronavirus, a state of intense anticipation arose over its evolution until it began sweeping through a large number of countries in the world and became a global epidemic, threatening all societies and peoples. The spread of such epidemics will necessarily have economic, political, and social implications. With the spread of this virus, the economic interests of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will be negatively affected in many sectors, including tourism and many others, as well as low oil prices. This article focuses on the negative impact of the coronavirus on the economy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and how the Kingdom has tried to get out of this crisis and confront it, as well as plans for life after the coronavirus.
Stylistic Analysis of President Buhari’s Addresses of Nigerians in the Face of Covid-19 Pandemic (Published)
The role of language in any speech event cannot be overemphasized. Language is the vehicle through which political speeches are carried out. This study investigated two speeches of President Muhammadu Buhari during the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic to ascertain how he has employed language, the linguistic elements used and the stylistic and pragmatic imports. Using the theoretical framework of stylistics, the researcher found out that Buhari tactfully used words to address Nigerians on Covid-19 and stressed the measures to be taken to contain the spread of the virus. To achieve the pragmatic effect of his speeches, he used lexical devices such as transitional makers, repetition, alliteration, assonance, pronouns to project the theme/subject matter of the language discourse. It was found out that the speaker used coordination to denote relationship of grammatical units, show contrast and as a re-statement of what he said earlier. The speaker repeatedly used coordination in his speeches and this is commendable since in language, identical items may be conjoined in an indefinite number of times. The analysis revealed that president is committed in combating the coronavirus pandemic that is ravaging his nation.