Tag Archives: COVID-19 pandemic

The Change Management of the Foam Manufacturing During the Covid-19 Pandemic: Case Study (Published)

The purpose of this research will be to explore operations through a change management approach in foam manufacturing companies during the covid 19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021. The method used is a case study, which is a non-inferential research method. The data taken is from this foam manufacturing company. Followed by analysis and deepening to find out the adaptability and changes made and how this company manages these changes. The interesting finding is that change management must be carried out in a planned manner, carried out systematically by evaluating each transition. The phases include,  change integration and transition, program and scope of change, redefine change, and  detailed changes.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Change Management, foam manufacturing

Recession and Covid-19 Impact on Cost Management; Wizz-Air Company, case study (Published)

Citation: Ejona Duçi, Rovena Troplini   and  Xhenisa Myshketa  (2022) Recession and Covid-19 Impact on Cost Management; Wizz-Air Company, case study, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 3, pp.1-17

Abstract: Recession, an inevitable economic phenomenon that is difficult to be predicted by the scientists of the time, a pandemic which hits the economic-financial sphere of a certain region or in global form, but as this phenomenon spreads, what are its consequences? What is the right and most effective way today for an entity to successfully meet this challenge? One of the most appropriate forms is the role that cost and management accounting management has in the entity performance, as well as the decisions taken by their managers, as it is the latter who manage to “predict” the consequences of this economic downturn and enable its survival.The purpose of the paper is to study the role of cost and management accounting in a recession situation, specifically the economic downturn caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. This is done by analysing how managers managed to cope with such situations and what decisions they have taken. Other important elements which have been studied are variable and fixed cost during recession. The methodology of the study is descriptive, comparative and analytical based on the secondary data obtained from statistical institutions in Albania and especially the focus is on the airline company, “Wizz Air”, which is part of the transport sector. This sector, being related to travelling, is among the most affected by the pandemic situation, because of travel restrictions applied in recent years. A regression analysis is used to see the relation between costs and between employees number and employee cost and how Wizz Air company has reduced some possible costs. According to this analysis appropriate conclusions have been shown.

Keywords: Budgeting, COVID-19 pandemic, Management, Management Accounting, Recession, cost accounting

Learning Mathematics Online: Pre-Service Teachers’ Competences and Challenges (Published)

Citation: Mark Mishiwo, Cephas Lokpo, Michael Donkor Adane (2022) Learning Mathematics Online: Pre-Service Teachers’ Competences and Challenges, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 2, pp. 42-55

The study sought to ascertain pre-service teachers’ ICT competence they have to undertake online learning of Mathematics as well as the challenges they encountered when they participated in online learning in Akatsi College of Education. The study used descriptive survey design. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from two hundred and twenty-three pre-service teachers who were purposively sampled for the study. The data collected was analysed using means and standard deviations. The results of the study revealed that majority of pre-service teachers had advance computer skills that helped them used the internet for online learning as well as   search for information to support the lessons they were taught online.  The findings of the study also revealed that majority of pre-service teachers were proficient in communicating online using Facebook, Twitter and e-mails to support their online lessons. Besides, majority of pre-service teachers indicated that they were proficient   in using online tools such as Skype, Zoom, and web video for online learning.  However, only 24% and 33% of pre-service teachers were proficient in designing online content using Google drives and using electronic devices to support their online learning respectively. With regard to the challenges pre-service teachers encountered when they participated in the online lessons, majority of these pre-service teachers had difficulty connecting to internet to enable them participate in their synchronous and asynchronous online lessons. With regard to challenges, majority of pre-service teachers had difficulty accessing internet to support their online learning which affected their performance in mathematics.  Pre-service teachers also  failed to participate in online lessons due to high cost of data.  As a result, pre-service teachers resorted to staying awake up to midnight to download and upload learning materials which affected their sleep. Consequently, it was recommended that Government of Ghana partner with telecommunication companies to provide very effective broadband internet connectivity for pre-service teachers to access to enhance online learning. Stakeholders of teacher education in Ghana ought to review the Pillar of ICT in National Curriculum Framework to enable pre-service teachers to be equipped with the skills of using electronic devices to support their online learning.

 

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, ICT competence, Pre-Service Teachers, online learning

Going Through the Hard Times Together: An Analysis of the Chinese Experience on Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic (Published)

This paper argues that, regardless of the advantages in China’s political system, the efficiency and success of China’s fight against the COVID-19 pandemic should be attributed to three factors. First, the Chinese leader, the CPC and the Chinese governments at all levels have been attaching great importance to the pandemic and playing a rather crucial and positive role in fighting the pandemic, thus providing China with a strong political and institutional guarantee for imposing targeted measures and effectively preventing the further spread of the pandemic. Second, the enterprises, communities, medical workers, media and ordinary people in China all contribute to the success of China’s fighting against the pandemic in different aspects, thus leading to a rather positive state-market-society interactions in combating the pandemic. Third, China’s equal exchanges, close cooperation and mutual assistance with many other countries and the WHO in combating COVID-19 not only helped China and the international community achieve better performances in fighting the pandemic, but also made it easier for more countries to perceive China’s sense of responsibility and the trustworthiness of China’s capabilities and intentions, and eased international pressure to China in the context of the deterioration of China-US relations during the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Chinese government, State-market-society interactions, Xi Jinping, international cooperation, the CPC Central Committee

Remote Working: Entrepreneurial Risk and Entrepreneurial Survival in the Micro firms in Niger-Delta, Nigeria (Covid-19 Pandemic Prospects) (Published)

This study examined the relationship between entrepreneurial risk and entrepreneurial survival in micro firms in Niger-Delta, Nigeria via remote working. The study adopted ex-post facto design and correlational design. The study used purposive sampling techniques. A total population of 2308, sample size of 341 was determined using Taro Yamane’s formula at 0.05 level of significance. Also, 314 copies of questionnaire were distributed to the respondents, while 317 copies were completed and retrieved. The instruments were validated, also reliability above 0.7 co-efficient, using Cronbach Alpha technique. The reliability coefficient analysis was operational risk (α =.878), strategic risk (α=866), remote risk (α=874) and innovation (α=884). Three research questions and three hypotheses were raised which was tested with Ordinary Least Square Method (OLSM) of regression analysis and KMO/Barllet’s test for the sampling adequacy for data appropriateness and sphericity respectively via SPSS 25 version. From the findings, the concept of entrepreneurial risk creates positive impact on innovation. In conclusion, operational risk and strategic risk have significant influence on the entrepreneurial survival of the micro firms. Based on the findings and conclusion, this study contributes to the knowledge that managing operational and strategic risk with Rogers innovation theory based on working from home, the micro firm to be on the leading edge rather than the bleeding edge.  It could be recommended that to be able to manage operative risk and strategic risk in a better proficiency, entrepreneurs should understand how to integrate remote working strategies during the covid-19 pandemic.

Citation: Ovharhe, Orugba Harry ,  Woko, Emmaunel Boma  and Ezeocha Vernitius Uchenna (2021) Remote Working: Entrepreneurial Risk and Entrepreneurial Survival in the Micro Firms in Niger-Delta, Nigeria (Covid-19 Pandemic Prospects), International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, Vol.9, No.4, pp.11-28

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Innovation, Operational Risk, remote working, strategic risk

Covid-19 Pandemic, Livelihood and Coping Strategies in Nigeria (Published)

In a few months of COVID-19 pandemic, millions of people were hit by the deadly virus which claimed a lot of lives worldwide, including Nigeria. The Federal Government declared total lockdown of outdoor economic activities, institutions, ceremonies, religious activities and gave a stay at home order to prevent the spread of the deadly virus in the country. This declaration made life difficult for the masses. The livelihood of Nigerians appeared to have been adversely affected by the pandemic. This seemed to make it very hard for people to improve their economic powers. The populace faced challenges in coping with the pandemic in the 36 States of the country. Hence, this paper looked at the concept of COVID-19 pandemic; household livelihoods; challenges from the pandemic; impact of COVID-19 on Girls and Women; copping strategies for the effects of the pandemic. The theory underpinning this study is the motivational instinct theory of survival. The researcher employed secondary data from existing literature from dailies, journals, libraries and text books to source information. The study discovered that the livelihood of people was adversely affected by the circumstances of the pandemic as a result of the hardship caused by government’s restrictions.  Several households relied heavily on government cash relief and food handouts for survival. It was recommended that there should be more intervention strategies for resilience against such shocks in future. Actions should be taken to limit more risk, struggling of households and their livelihoods in urban and rural areas of the country.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Coping, Livelihood, Strategies., households

The Role of Online Teaching on The Perception of the Saudi High School Teachers During COVID -19 Pandemic (Published)

The learning of English as a foreign language is a key aspect in the state of Saudi since learning a foreign language gives you an edge obtaining to create job and academic opportunities. The purpose of this research is to explore the Saudi secondary school teachers’ comprehension about the role of online teaching during COVID-19 pandemic. To this end, a semi-structured interview was applied to the Saudi high school language teachers. The findings highlight the instructors’ understanding, as well as the interactive role of the tasks in their online teaching, and the alternatives provided to different learning styles. Furthermore, the findings promote students’ learning and encourage teachers to diversify the pedagogical techniques they employ with their students. The findings demonstrate that, in addition to the impact that the latter has on students, their learning styles, and the value of the resource chosen for use, its support for learning, the teacher’s role, and its teaching approach.

Citation:Turky Al-Shaikhi  (2021) The Role of Online Teaching on The Perception of the Saudi High School Teachers During COVID -19 Pandemic, International Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol.9, No.5, pp.12-20

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, EFL Teachers, Online high school, Perception, Saudi high school instructors, online learning

Response Behavior, Emotional and Psychosocial Adjustment of Adults to Covid-19 Pandemic Health Protocols in Western Region of Kenya (Published)

Covid-19 has caused more than 700 deaths with more than 40 thousand infections in Kenya, by end mid October 2020. Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 pandemic contributes to unprecedented spread response behavior and emotional distress among people. The introduction of new health protocols has been a key factor in shaping new norm and psychological behavior, emotional response and adjustment.  However, new behavior norms meant to curb spread of COVID-19 has not been without uncertainty. In this cross-sectional study, 251 adults living in Western region of Kenya completed a survey questionnaire to evaluate the response behavior, emotional response and psychosocial   adjustment of adults to covid-19 pandemic health protocols in Western region of Kenya. The survey Questionnaires were districted to target adult participants using WhatsApp and e-mail address during the pandemic. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA were employed to analyze data. Three tests were conducted and overall, the findings revealed insignificant difference between categorical variables (gender, level of education and occupation category and dependent variables (response behavior, emotional response and psychosocial adjustment of adults to COVID-19 health protocols. The results revealed statistically insignificant differences  between;  gender and response behavior ( t (249) =.583, p ˃0.05),  occupation categories and psychosocial adjustment to COVID-19 pandemic (F (3,247) = .516, p ˃0.05),  and  level of education and  emotional responses  to COVID-19 health protocols  (F (3, 247) = 1.974, p ˃0.05).These findings suggest that response  behavior response, emotional response and psychosocial adjustment to COVID-19 health protocols do not differ with categorical variables of the adults. The focus therefore should be to work on response behavior, emotional response and psychosocial adjustment indiscriminately in order to help people adapt to the new behavior and norm to curb spread of COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Health protocols, emotional response, psychosocial adjustment and Response behaviour

The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Role of Health Risk Perception Towards Second-Hand Goods Consumption (Published)

The purpose of this study is to propose a simple model that addresses health risk perception for second-hand goods.  The effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on household income has caused behavioral change and individuals are preferring to shop for used second-hand goods to mitigate their financial challenges.  Unlike new retail products, second-hand goods are associated with the risk of contamination and virus transmission. Since participation in second-hand goods markets are a growing trend, an understanding of consumers’ health risk perception of this product category is important and relevant. The methodology used involved questionnaire survey distributed among 356 respondents for the analysis of three key dimensions of health risk perception and how these dimensions influence behavioural attitude towards second-hand goods. The findings of this study have shown that the emotional dimension of health risk perception is not supported, suggesting that consideration of second-hand goods did not lead to generation of negative emotions. 

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, health risk perception, second-hand goods

From Policies to Actions: An Analysis of the Chinese Experience on Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic (Published)

This paper argues that, regardless of the advantages in China’s political system, the efficiency and success of China’s fight against the COVID-19 pandemic should be attributed to three main factors. First, the CPC Central Committee under the leadership of Xi Jinping and the Chinese governments at all levels have been attaching great importance to the pandemic and playing a rather crucial and positive role in fighting the pandemic, thus providing China with a strong political and institutional guarantee for imposing targeted measures and effectively preventing the further spread of the pandemic. Second, the enterprises, communities, medical workers, media and ordinary people in China all contribute through their actions to the success of China’s fighting against the pandemic in different aspects, thus leading to a rather positive state-market-society interactions in combating the pandemic. Third, China’s equal exchanges, close cooperation and mutual assistance with many other countries and the WHO not only helped China and the international community achieve better performances in fighting the pandemic, but also made it easier for more countries to perceive the sense of China’s responsibility and the trustworthiness of China’s capabilities and intentions, and eased international pressure to China in the context of the deterioration of China-US relations during the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Chinese government, State-market-society interactions, Xi Jinping, international cooperation, the CPC Central Committee