Tag Archives: COVID-19 pandemic

Going Through the Hard Times Together: An Analysis of the Chinese Experience on Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic (Published)

This paper argues that, regardless of the advantages in China’s political system, the efficiency and success of China’s fight against the COVID-19 pandemic should be attributed to three factors. First, the Chinese leader, the CPC and the Chinese governments at all levels have been attaching great importance to the pandemic and playing a rather crucial and positive role in fighting the pandemic, thus providing China with a strong political and institutional guarantee for imposing targeted measures and effectively preventing the further spread of the pandemic. Second, the enterprises, communities, medical workers, media and ordinary people in China all contribute to the success of China’s fighting against the pandemic in different aspects, thus leading to a rather positive state-market-society interactions in combating the pandemic. Third, China’s equal exchanges, close cooperation and mutual assistance with many other countries and the WHO in combating COVID-19 not only helped China and the international community achieve better performances in fighting the pandemic, but also made it easier for more countries to perceive China’s sense of responsibility and the trustworthiness of China’s capabilities and intentions, and eased international pressure to China in the context of the deterioration of China-US relations during the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Chinese government, State-market-society interactions, Xi Jinping, international cooperation, the CPC Central Committee

Remote Working: Entrepreneurial Risk and Entrepreneurial Survival in the Micro firms in Niger-Delta, Nigeria (Covid-19 Pandemic Prospects) (Published)

This study examined the relationship between entrepreneurial risk and entrepreneurial survival in micro firms in Niger-Delta, Nigeria via remote working. The study adopted ex-post facto design and correlational design. The study used purposive sampling techniques. A total population of 2308, sample size of 341 was determined using Taro Yamane’s formula at 0.05 level of significance. Also, 314 copies of questionnaire were distributed to the respondents, while 317 copies were completed and retrieved. The instruments were validated, also reliability above 0.7 co-efficient, using Cronbach Alpha technique. The reliability coefficient analysis was operational risk (α =.878), strategic risk (α=866), remote risk (α=874) and innovation (α=884). Three research questions and three hypotheses were raised which was tested with Ordinary Least Square Method (OLSM) of regression analysis and KMO/Barllet’s test for the sampling adequacy for data appropriateness and sphericity respectively via SPSS 25 version. From the findings, the concept of entrepreneurial risk creates positive impact on innovation. In conclusion, operational risk and strategic risk have significant influence on the entrepreneurial survival of the micro firms. Based on the findings and conclusion, this study contributes to the knowledge that managing operational and strategic risk with Rogers innovation theory based on working from home, the micro firm to be on the leading edge rather than the bleeding edge.  It could be recommended that to be able to manage operative risk and strategic risk in a better proficiency, entrepreneurs should understand how to integrate remote working strategies during the covid-19 pandemic.

Citation: Ovharhe, Orugba Harry ,  Woko, Emmaunel Boma  and Ezeocha Vernitius Uchenna (2021) Remote Working: Entrepreneurial Risk and Entrepreneurial Survival in the Micro Firms in Niger-Delta, Nigeria (Covid-19 Pandemic Prospects), International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, Vol.9, No.4, pp.11-28

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Innovation, Operational Risk, remote working, strategic risk

Covid-19 Pandemic, Livelihood and Coping Strategies in Nigeria (Published)

In a few months of COVID-19 pandemic, millions of people were hit by the deadly virus which claimed a lot of lives worldwide, including Nigeria. The Federal Government declared total lockdown of outdoor economic activities, institutions, ceremonies, religious activities and gave a stay at home order to prevent the spread of the deadly virus in the country. This declaration made life difficult for the masses. The livelihood of Nigerians appeared to have been adversely affected by the pandemic. This seemed to make it very hard for people to improve their economic powers. The populace faced challenges in coping with the pandemic in the 36 States of the country. Hence, this paper looked at the concept of COVID-19 pandemic; household livelihoods; challenges from the pandemic; impact of COVID-19 on Girls and Women; copping strategies for the effects of the pandemic. The theory underpinning this study is the motivational instinct theory of survival. The researcher employed secondary data from existing literature from dailies, journals, libraries and text books to source information. The study discovered that the livelihood of people was adversely affected by the circumstances of the pandemic as a result of the hardship caused by government’s restrictions.  Several households relied heavily on government cash relief and food handouts for survival. It was recommended that there should be more intervention strategies for resilience against such shocks in future. Actions should be taken to limit more risk, struggling of households and their livelihoods in urban and rural areas of the country.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Coping, Livelihood, Strategies., households

The Role of Online Teaching on The Perception of the Saudi High School Teachers During COVID -19 Pandemic (Published)

The learning of English as a foreign language is a key aspect in the state of Saudi since learning a foreign language gives you an edge obtaining to create job and academic opportunities. The purpose of this research is to explore the Saudi secondary school teachers’ comprehension about the role of online teaching during COVID-19 pandemic. To this end, a semi-structured interview was applied to the Saudi high school language teachers. The findings highlight the instructors’ understanding, as well as the interactive role of the tasks in their online teaching, and the alternatives provided to different learning styles. Furthermore, the findings promote students’ learning and encourage teachers to diversify the pedagogical techniques they employ with their students. The findings demonstrate that, in addition to the impact that the latter has on students, their learning styles, and the value of the resource chosen for use, its support for learning, the teacher’s role, and its teaching approach.

Citation:Turky Al-Shaikhi  (2021) The Role of Online Teaching on The Perception of the Saudi High School Teachers During COVID -19 Pandemic, International Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol.9, No.5, pp.12-20

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, EFL Teachers, Online high school, Perception, Saudi high school instructors, online learning

Response Behavior, Emotional and Psychosocial Adjustment of Adults to Covid-19 Pandemic Health Protocols in Western Region of Kenya (Published)

Covid-19 has caused more than 700 deaths with more than 40 thousand infections in Kenya, by end mid October 2020. Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 pandemic contributes to unprecedented spread response behavior and emotional distress among people. The introduction of new health protocols has been a key factor in shaping new norm and psychological behavior, emotional response and adjustment.  However, new behavior norms meant to curb spread of COVID-19 has not been without uncertainty. In this cross-sectional study, 251 adults living in Western region of Kenya completed a survey questionnaire to evaluate the response behavior, emotional response and psychosocial   adjustment of adults to covid-19 pandemic health protocols in Western region of Kenya. The survey Questionnaires were districted to target adult participants using WhatsApp and e-mail address during the pandemic. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA were employed to analyze data. Three tests were conducted and overall, the findings revealed insignificant difference between categorical variables (gender, level of education and occupation category and dependent variables (response behavior, emotional response and psychosocial adjustment of adults to COVID-19 health protocols. The results revealed statistically insignificant differences  between;  gender and response behavior ( t (249) =.583, p ˃0.05),  occupation categories and psychosocial adjustment to COVID-19 pandemic (F (3,247) = .516, p ˃0.05),  and  level of education and  emotional responses  to COVID-19 health protocols  (F (3, 247) = 1.974, p ˃0.05).These findings suggest that response  behavior response, emotional response and psychosocial adjustment to COVID-19 health protocols do not differ with categorical variables of the adults. The focus therefore should be to work on response behavior, emotional response and psychosocial adjustment indiscriminately in order to help people adapt to the new behavior and norm to curb spread of COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Health protocols, emotional response, psychosocial adjustment and Response behaviour

The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Role of Health Risk Perception Towards Second-Hand Goods Consumption (Published)

The purpose of this study is to propose a simple model that addresses health risk perception for second-hand goods.  The effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on household income has caused behavioral change and individuals are preferring to shop for used second-hand goods to mitigate their financial challenges.  Unlike new retail products, second-hand goods are associated with the risk of contamination and virus transmission. Since participation in second-hand goods markets are a growing trend, an understanding of consumers’ health risk perception of this product category is important and relevant. The methodology used involved questionnaire survey distributed among 356 respondents for the analysis of three key dimensions of health risk perception and how these dimensions influence behavioural attitude towards second-hand goods. The findings of this study have shown that the emotional dimension of health risk perception is not supported, suggesting that consideration of second-hand goods did not lead to generation of negative emotions. 

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, health risk perception, second-hand goods

From Policies to Actions: An Analysis of the Chinese Experience on Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic (Published)

This paper argues that, regardless of the advantages in China’s political system, the efficiency and success of China’s fight against the COVID-19 pandemic should be attributed to three main factors. First, the CPC Central Committee under the leadership of Xi Jinping and the Chinese governments at all levels have been attaching great importance to the pandemic and playing a rather crucial and positive role in fighting the pandemic, thus providing China with a strong political and institutional guarantee for imposing targeted measures and effectively preventing the further spread of the pandemic. Second, the enterprises, communities, medical workers, media and ordinary people in China all contribute through their actions to the success of China’s fighting against the pandemic in different aspects, thus leading to a rather positive state-market-society interactions in combating the pandemic. Third, China’s equal exchanges, close cooperation and mutual assistance with many other countries and the WHO not only helped China and the international community achieve better performances in fighting the pandemic, but also made it easier for more countries to perceive the sense of China’s responsibility and the trustworthiness of China’s capabilities and intentions, and eased international pressure to China in the context of the deterioration of China-US relations during the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Chinese government, State-market-society interactions, Xi Jinping, international cooperation, the CPC Central Committee