The subject of the research is the areas of the USA policy in Central Asia. The object of the research is the policy of the USA. The author of the article underlines particular areas of the region’s life the USA policy is directed at. These are the human rights and support of civil liberties organizations, the process of democratization in the region and assertion of democratic values, trades and investments. The states of the region have rich natural resources such as uranium, gas, oil, aluminum, cotton, and gold. At the same time, they have very different state structures, – democratic, authoritarian and neutral. The researcher provides trading volumes of the USA with Central Asia member states for 2013 as well as data about the financial support that has been given by America during the period from 1992 till 2015. The economic structure of the member states is oriented at the markets of the foreign states that are parts of the WTO and Eurasian Economic Union. The author of the article focuses on the contents of such USA programs as the ‘ensuring safety and control over military equipment’, ‘drug control’, and ‘anti-terrorist campaign’. The main areas of America’s policy in Kyrgyzstan were more of political, military, humanitarian and anti-terroristic nature while the economic factor was not so evident. Thus, during the post-Soviet period of their development, the region’s countries selected different political, economic and humanitarian policy (democratic, authoritarian or neutral). That had a different effect on their relations with the USA.
Fighting the Enemy Within: An Evaluation of the Role of the Nigerian Criminal Justice Administration on Terrorism (Published)
The act of Terrorism dates as far back as the 1st century. It is a global concern that keeps evolving. In Nigeria, the threat of terrorism has been on the rise and is more prevalent in the North East, despite the many laws against it. This leads to a feeling of insecurity and fear, for many Nigerians. This study assesses the role of the Nigerian Criminal Justice Administration in ensuring safety for all, which includes fighting terrorism. The article critically explores Nigerian government’s reliance on mainly military actions, as opposed to empowering the Criminal Justice Administration. The work underlines the consequences of not appropriately fighting terrorism, and it’s effects on a nation like Nigeria. The study uses secondary data analysis, and the doctrinal approach is adopted to examine the role of the Nigerian Criminal Justice Administration in fighting terrorism. This article finds that the weak nature of the Nigerian criminal justice administration has affected the ability to make effective counter-terrorism policies. The study recommends that the Nigerian Government needs to enhance the operational and legal frameworks at all levels, and strengthen the criminal justice structure, to appropriately fight terrorism.