Liquidity Management and Corporate Sustainability of listed Oil and Gas Companies: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria (Published)
Investors had watched the fragile state of corporate sustainability of the oil and gas companies, as huge capital investments had been lost due to the unpredictable nature of prices occasioned by the unstable foreign exchange rate. Studies have shown that profitability, assets growth and economic value added expectations of investors rely on skillful and efficient management of the companies’ resources especially, liquidity management, which were considered inadequate. Consequently, the study investigated the effect of liquidity management on corporate sustainability of the oil and gas companies in Nigeria.The study explored ex-post facto research design. The population consisted of 13 listed oil and gas companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange as at 31st December 2017. Ten oil and gas companies were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data were extracted from published financial statements of the sampled companies, while the validity and reliability of the data were premised on the scrutiny and certification by the external auditors. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were used for the data analysis.The study revealed that corporate sustainability of quoted oil and gas companies in Nigerian was significantly affected by liquidity management. Results showed that liquidity management had a positive significant effect on profitability, F-Statistics (4, 95) = 3.493; AdjR2 = 0.092; P-value = 0.010; while liquidity management also exhibited a positive significant effect on assets growth, F-Statistics (4, 95) = 0.3.030; AdjR2 = 0.076; P-value= 0.021. Also, liquidity management exhibited a positive significant impact on economic value added. F-Statistics (4, 95) = 2.598; AdjR2 = 0.054; P-value = 0.035. When the control variable was introduced, the results revealed that liquidity management had a positive significant effect on profitability, F-Statistics (5, 94) = 3.020; AdjR2 = 0.093; P-value = 0.014; while liquidity management also exhibited a positive significant effect on assets growth, F-Statistics (5, 94) = 2.488; AdjR2 = 0.070; P-value= 0.037. Also, liquidity management exhibited a positive significant impact on economic value added. F-Statistics (5, 94) = 4.683; AdjR2 = 0.159; P-value = 0.001.The study concluded that liquidity management affected corporate sustainability of quoted oil and gas companies in Nigerian. The study recommended that shareholders, managers, policy makers, financial regulators and market participants should be mindful of companies’ liquidity management and time lag between credit sales and collection of receivables as critical to the corporate sustainability companies. Managers should revisit cash conversion cycle policy time-lag, and ensure effective resource management because of their importance to corporate sustainability.
Sustainability has become the focal concern for today’s organization. For banks, surviving in the ever-changing innovation based economy is crucial due to fast growing and highly sophisticated technology and products that take up important part in the banking system. In turn, this has made it harder to track discrepancies in the accounting system or other tools used by banks. Internal audit is an important aspect that ensures sustainability and future of internal audit relies on Continuous Auditing (CA) and Continuous Monitoring (CM) concepts.Today’s trendy social media and technology has become addictive for users and these tools are especially important for finance sector, which in turn increases technological risks. In this manner, having these risks covered in applicable legislation is paramount. Within this context, this research aims to explain the CA practices in Turkish Banking sector, how specific tools are used and pros and cons of current controls over certain processes in addition to signifying Information Systems (IS) audit and its place in Turkish legislation.