Tag Archives: Coping

Covid-19 Pandemic, Livelihood and Coping Strategies in Nigeria (Published)

In a few months of COVID-19 pandemic, millions of people were hit by the deadly virus which claimed a lot of lives worldwide, including Nigeria. The Federal Government declared total lockdown of outdoor economic activities, institutions, ceremonies, religious activities and gave a stay at home order to prevent the spread of the deadly virus in the country. This declaration made life difficult for the masses. The livelihood of Nigerians appeared to have been adversely affected by the pandemic. This seemed to make it very hard for people to improve their economic powers. The populace faced challenges in coping with the pandemic in the 36 States of the country. Hence, this paper looked at the concept of COVID-19 pandemic; household livelihoods; challenges from the pandemic; impact of COVID-19 on Girls and Women; copping strategies for the effects of the pandemic. The theory underpinning this study is the motivational instinct theory of survival. The researcher employed secondary data from existing literature from dailies, journals, libraries and text books to source information. The study discovered that the livelihood of people was adversely affected by the circumstances of the pandemic as a result of the hardship caused by government’s restrictions.  Several households relied heavily on government cash relief and food handouts for survival. It was recommended that there should be more intervention strategies for resilience against such shocks in future. Actions should be taken to limit more risk, struggling of households and their livelihoods in urban and rural areas of the country.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, Coping, Livelihood, Strategies., households

Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns (Published)

Restrictions on movement and basic human rights inevitably causes a negative impact on the mental health of individuals worldwide. This could become particularly apparent in the UK where the government placed firm restrictions on the movement and freedom of the public in response to COVID-19. This study aimed to determine associations between mental health and strategies adopted by residents to cope with lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-reported data were collected from 647 adults through an online survey. Results revealed that over 20% of participants reported symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Multivariable logistic regression analysis confirmed that participants reporting use of positive coping strategies (spending time meditating and with pet companions) had significantly lower odds of experiencing symptoms of PTSD; whereas those who spent time social distancing by communicating with others online and exercising at home showed increased odds of experiencing PTSD symptoms. This study signifies COVID-19 as a major source of mental distress for adults residing in the UK and advocates various methods of coping during such stress-inducing times.

Citation: Joanne Lusher, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan,  Maher Rashwan Attaallah Mohamed, Roberta Ariel Abeldaro Zuñiga, Maha El Tantawi, Ntombifuthi P Nzimande, Passent Ellakany, Anthonia Omotola Ishabiyi,  Giuliana Florenica Abeldaño, Ala’a B Al-Tammemi, Olubukola Popoola, Muhammad Abrar Yousaf (2021) Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.16-26

 

Keywords: Adults, COVID-19, Coping, Mental Health, UK, lockdowns

Impact of Special Senses Disability and Coping Strategies among Disabled Persons at The Federal College of Education (Special) Oyo (Published)

Living with disability is common in many parts of the world and may results in psychological consequences for the individuals. This study examined the psychological, social and physical impacts of special senses disabilities and coping measures adopted by students with disabilities in Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo. The respondents were recruited using multistage sampling technique. A total of 313 respondents with different disabilities were selected using Taro Yamane’s correction formula. Pre-tested self-developed structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents based on the study objectives. The data was analysed using SPSS version 22 and the results were presented with frequency tables and charts. Findings revealed that 57.2% of the respondents often feel depressed while a combine 65.8% have constant anxiety. Over 70% of the respondents do not like going to social gatherings or parties because of their disability, and about 60% feel that they are at the centre of attraction when they are walking on the street. It was also revealed that 62% causes trouble when anyone tries to cheat them and 59.5% talk back at anyone who tries to insult them. 98.4% pray to cope with their disability, 56.5% always think about their disability and developed self-hatred. The students with special senses disability in this study are impacted psychologically, socially and physically in a negative way and they mostly adopted maladaptive coping measures. There is need to provide them with necessary resources to cope better with their disabilities.

Keywords: Coping, impairment, psycho-social consequence, students with special needs

Sources and Effects of Stress on Work Performance, and Coping Strategies among Nurses at University of Cape Coast Hospital, Cape Coast, Ghana (Published)

Stress is part of our everyday life and affects all aspects of our activities. In professions, where encountering hundreds of people is a routine could be very stressful. This is the nature of the nursing profession, with its attendant effects on the physical and psychological wellbeing of the nurse. This study set out to find the sources and effects of stress on work performance among nurses at the University of Cape Coast Hospital, and the coping strategies they adopt. Questionnaire was used to solicit data from the respondents. Using the multi-stage sampling technique, fifty nine nurses were sampled for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated, and answered and tested respectively. Independent t-tests, Analysis of Variance, and means were used in analyzing the data collected. No statistically significant differences were found between the ages of nurses and the type of stress experienced, by gender with respect to how they coping strategies toward stress, and among the various ranks of nurses and the effect of stress on their performance. It was concluded that, nurses in the University of Cape Coast Hospital were aware of the sources of stress among nurses, aware of the effects of stress on their performance, and had devised their strategies for coping with stress.It was therefore recommended that management of the Directorate of University Health Services (UCC) organizes seminars, workshops, forum, among others on incidence of stress and stress management strategies for the nurses. This would help the nurses to be abreast with stress coping strategies thereby alleviating stress on them. It was also recommended that counsellors were brought on to put in techniques that would assist nurses who are going through stressful conditions, which are likely to affect their performance on the work.

 

Keywords: Cape Coast, Coast Hospital, Coping, Ghana, Nurses University of Cape, Sources and Effects, Strategies., Stress, Work Performance

Correlates of Coping with the Challenges of Incarceration among Nigerian Prison Inmates (Published)

This paper investigated the correlates of coping with the challenges of incarceration among Nigerian prison inmates. The study was carried out in Port Harcourt Prison, Rivers State, Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of 2,997 inmates, of Port Harcourt Prison while the sample was 250 inmates who were composed through stratified random sampling technique from the population. Relevant data for testing the five null hypotheses formulated for the study were gathered through indirect administration of copies of “Correlates of Coping with Challenges of Incarceration Questionnaire (CCCIQ)” on the sample. The questionnaire was developed by the researchers’. Its reliability co-efficient which was ascertained through the test retest method within an interval of two weeks was 0.78. Statistical analysis was carried out with t-test of independent mean scores and the results show that sex, years of incarceration, educational level, nature of incarceration and marital status have significant influence on coping with the challenges of incarceration among prison inmates. These results were discussed and some recommendations also made. One of the recommendations is that programmes and policies that will increase the ability of prison inmates to cope with their challenges should be put in place by the government and concerned non-governmental organizations.

Keywords: Challenges, Coping, Incarceration, Inmates, Nigerian Prison

Demographic Factors Influencing Coping with Declining Self-Concept among the Aged (Published)

This study investigated demographic factors influencing coping with declining self-concept among the aged. The study was carried out in Mbaise, Imo State, Nigeria. The research design was descriptive survey while the sample was 446 individuals aged 60years and above. They were composed through stratified random sampling technique from 15 autonomous communities in the area of study. Relevant data were collected from them through the personal contact method of administration of copies of a researchers’ developed questionnaire on them. The test retest reliability co-efficient of this instrument within an interval of 2 weeks was 0.64. T-test of independent means was employed in data analysis and the results show that sex, educational level and marital status do not significantly influence, coping with decling self-concept among the aged. The results also show that type of previous work was a significant factor. These results were discussed and some recommendations made. One of the recommendations is that the federal, states and local governments should ensure prompt payment of retirement benefits to retired public servants.

Keywords: Coping, Factors, Self-Concept, aged.

Social Support, Coping Strategies and Academic Adjustment of First Year University Undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria. (Published)

This study was designed to determine the extent to which social support, and coping strategies predict academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria. Correlation design was adopted for the study. Three research questions and three corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 382 first year university undergraduates of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, 2015/2016 academic session was drawn from the population through purposive and proportional stratified random sampling techniques. Three instruments namely; Multidimensional Scale for Perceived Social Support, Coping Strategies Inventory and Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire – Academic subscale were used for data collection. Simple and multiple regression analyses were used for data analysis. All data were subjected to analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Results showed that; social support statistically significantly predicted academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates; coping strategies (problem-focused and emotion-focused) taken together statistically significantly predicted academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates; on the basis of individual contribution, problem-focused was a significant contributor to academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates while emotion-focused was not. Based on the findings, conclusion and recommendations were made.

Keywords: Academic, Coping, Social, Strategies., and adjustment, support

Psychological Concerns among Adult Cancer Patients Attending Oncology Clinic at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya (Published)

There is an increased chance of developing psychological and psychiatric disorders during Cancer diagnosis. This has consequently impacted on patient’s state of health and medical treatment. Psychiatric disorders are experienced by cancer patients at all stages of the disease. There is evidence of growing numbers of people diagnosed with cancer every year, in the developing countries.  Kenya among them continues to have this burden growing. A critical part of cancer care is the recognition of the levels of psychological problems that present among patients with cancer and determination of the appropriate level of intervention, ranging from brief counselling or psychological interventions and social support to medication and specific coping styles. This paper aims to determine the psychological issues among adult cancer patients as seen at the oncology clinic of Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret. The study took a cross-sectional and descriptive approach focusing on patients diagnosed with cancer. The author used interview guide, designed socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for adults (M.I.N.I Plus) instrument in data collection.  Data analysis was done using Microsoft excel worksheet and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.  Results were presented in form of tables, charts and graph swith majority of the patients being females as compared to males. Breast cancer and cervical cancer were found to be the most forms affecting the respondents with most patients being diagnosed at the advanced stages. Depression episode, dysthymia and Suicide risk were among others the identified Psychological issues affecting the respondents.

Keywords: Adjustments, Cancer, Coping, Diagnosis, Psychological concerns, Quality of life

Psychological Concerns among Adult Cancer Patients Attending Oncology Clinic at MOI Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya (Published)

There is an increased chance of developing psychological and psychiatric disorders during Cancer diagnosis. This has consequently impacted on patient’s state of health and medical treatment. Psychiatric disorders are experienced by cancer patients at all stages of the disease. There is evidence of growing numbers of people diagnosed with cancer every year, in the developing countries.  Kenya among them continues to have this burden growing. A critical part of cancer care is the recognition of the levels of psychological problems that present among patients with cancer and determination of the appropriate level of intervention, ranging from brief counselling or psychological interventions and social support to medication and specific coping styles. This paper aims to determine the psychological issues among adult cancer patients as seen at the oncology clinic of Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret. The study took a cross-sectional and descriptive approach focusing on patients diagnosed with cancer. The author used interview guide, designed socio-demographic and clinical questionnaire and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for adults (M.I.N.I Plus) instrument in data collection.  Data analysis was done using Microsoft excel worksheet and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0.  Results were presented in form of tables, charts and graph with majority of the patients being females as compared to males. Breast cancer and cervical cancer were found to be the most forms affecting the respondents with most patients being diagnosed at the advanced stages. Depression episode, dysthymia and Suicide risk were among others the identified Psychological issues affecting the respondents.

Keywords: Adjustments, Cancer, Coping, Diagnosis, Psychological concerns, Quality of life

Psychological Consequences of Early Demise of Spouses and the Effect of the Coping Strategies on the Health of the Survivors in Ogun State, Nigeria. (Published)

This study investigated the effect of coping strategies on psychological consequences of early demise on surviving spouses in Ogun Sate .Two thousand respondents were selected using a purposive sampling technique, while the instrument for data collection was a psychological consequences of early demise on surviving spouses questionnaire (r=0.75). Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data at 0.05 level of significance.

The results of regression analysis on joint effects of coping strategies on the psychological consequences was significant (F(6,1993) = 387.10, P<0.05). The relative contributions of the coping variables on the psychological consequences variable are in the following descending order: relocating (=4.22, t=21.68, P<0.05), (=4.12, t=19.18; P<0.05), recreation/exercise (=4.12, t=19.18; P<0.05), engaging in more social activities (=3.98, t=18.27; P<0.05), comfort from admirers (=3.14, t=17.44; P<0.05), comfort from children (=2.01, t=12.84; P<0.05) and burying oneself in work (=1.34, t=4.06; P<0.05).

The study identified the psychological consequences arising from early demise of spouses were instrumental for the throes and sorrow experienced by the surviving spouses. The recommendations included: the survivor should relocate to another place to pick up the pieces of their shattered life and start another life again, more over a new widow or widower should seek helpful counsel from experienced widows and widowers who have successfully adjusted to normal life after the tragic event.

 

 

Keywords: Coping, Early Demise, Psychological Consequences, Spouses, Well-being