Listening anxiety has long since been considered as a problematic component for foreign language learners. Therefore, this study aimed at identifying the strategies utilised by Saudi English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners in order to alleviate such listening-induced anxiety, which was undertaken by conducting semi-structured interviews with 15 participants. The findings revealed that the learners implemented nine categories of strategy, which emerged from four main themes. The primary themes were: 1) cognitive strategy, which included positive thinking, note-taking, and inferring to guess the meaning; 2) metacognitive strategy, which included preparation, peer-seeking, and self-evaluation; 3) affective strategy, which included relaxation; and 4) memory strategy, which included keywords and semantic mapping utilisation. In brief, this study positions significant implications for the learners, lecturers, and course developers alike.
Socio-Economic Factors Influencing the use of Coping Strategy among Farmers and Herders Affected by Conflict at Giron Masa Village, Kebbi State, Nigeria (Published)
This study was conducted at Giron Masa village, located 30km from Yauri town. The study determines the Socio-economic Factors influencing the use of coping Strategy among Farmers and Herders during post-conflict situation. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred (100) respondents (50 farmers and 50 herders) from the study area. Logistic regression (LR) analysis was used to ascertain the socioeconomic variables that influenced the use of the coping strategy among the farmers and herders affected by conflict. The results of the study shows that age, income, family size and farming experience were significant and thus influenced the use of POCS among farmers. Annual income and production system influenced the use of Problem Oriented Coping Strategy (POCS) among herders. Age, farm size and farming experience were found to be significant in influencing the use of Emotion Oriented Coping Strategy (EOCS) among farmers. Specifically, years of herding experience increased the use of emotion oriented coping strategy among herders. The use of Social Support Coping Strategy (SSCS) among farmers was influenced by educational level; farm size and farming experience, while the variables are not collectively significant in influencing the use of SSCS among the herders. The research recommends the adoption of communal coping that entails the application of cooperative problem solving processes within the family and other social units dealing with stressful life events should be used as coping strategy in the event of farmer-herder conflict