Tag Archives: Control

Chemical and Functional Properties of Wheat, Pigeon Pea and Plantain Composite Flour (Published)

This work was aimed at evaluating the proximate composition, some anti-nutritional factors and functional properties of composite flour produced from wheat, pigeon pea and unripe plantain. Four blends of composite flour were formulated by homogeneously mixing wheat flour, pigeon pea flour and plantain flour in the proportion of 95:5:0 (WPF), 85:10:5 (WPU1), 75:15:10 (WPU2), 65:20:15 (WPU3), respectively, while WHF represented 100% wheat flour served as control. The result of proximate composition signified that there were significant (p<0.05) increases in crude protein (13.25-16.10%), moisture (6.30-10.41%), ash (0.62-1.69%) and crude fibre (0.42-1.13%) content with the inclusion of pigeon pea and plantain flours. Significance reductions in crude lipid (2.84-1.82%) and carbohydrate (76.56-68.85%) contents were observed while energy value was not significantly (p>0.05) different from the control. The anti-nutrient composition of the blends showed significant reduction of HCN (10.71-8.87 mg/100g), oxalate (180.08-90.04 mg/100g) and tannin (13.02-10.23 mg/100g) contents while highest value (1.35 mg/100g) of phytate was observed in WPU2. Bulk density, foaming, water absorption and oil absorption capacities ranged 1.20-1.30 g/ml, 3.70-13.79%, 6.20-6.60 g/g, 6.00-6.40 ml/ml, respectively while swelling index ranged 28.50-32.00 ml/ml. This study showed that fortifying wheat flour with pigeon pea and plantain flours is a significant way of improving nutritive quality, especially the protein and also increased the functionality of the blends when compared with the control.

Keywords: Capacities, Control, Flour, blends, unripe plantain

Budgeting and Sustainable Performance in Nigeria Quoted Food and Beverages Companies (Published)

Budgeting entails a distinct pattern of financial decisions in profit oriented organizations. The uncertainties and volatility prevailing in Nigeria business environment leading to stock out, deflection of customers, insolvency and financial distress, effectual liquidation of companies and in the alternative relocation of businesses out of Nigeria have given rise to the challenge of budgeting and budgetary control in Nigeria quoted  food and beverages companies. This studt evaluated the effect of budgeting on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies. Survey research design was adopted.  The population for the survey comprised all the eighteen (18) quoted food and beverages quoted companies in Nigeria stock Exchange as at 31 December 2017, out of which five (5) respondents with experience in accounting and finance were selected in each organization using purposive and judgmental sampling techniques.  Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were administered with retrieval rate of 92% .The findings showed that budgeting has significant  positive effect on production quantity with R2 0.448,F-statistics 9.938,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive  effect on turnover with R,20.409,F-statistics 8.488,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive effect on profit after tax with R2 0.255,F-statistics 4.188 and p-value 0.005.Budgeting has significant  weak but positive effect on dividend paid with R2 0182,F-stattistics of 2.733 and p-value of 0039.The result of the combined effect showed that budgeting has  positive and significant effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria with R2 0.511,F-statistics of 12.778 and p-value of 0.000.The study concluded that budgeting has positive effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria.

Budgeting entails a distinct pattern of financial decisions in profit oriented organizations. The uncertainties and volatility prevailing in Nigeria business environment leading to stock out, deflection of customers, insolvency and financial distress, effectual liquidation of companies and in the alternative relocation of businesses out of Nigeria have given rise to the challenge of budgeting and budgetary control in Nigeria quoted  food and beverages companies. This studt evaluated the effect of budgeting on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies. Survey research design was adopted.  The population for the survey comprised all the eighteen (18) quoted food and beverages quoted companies in Nigeria stock Exchange as at 31 December 2017, out of which five (5) respondents with experience in accounting and finance were selected in each organization using purposive and judgmental sampling techniques.  Sixty (60) copies of the questionnaire were administered with retrieval rate of 92% .The findings showed that budgeting has significant  positive effect on production quantity with R2 0.448,F-statistics 9.938,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive  effect on turnover with R,20.409,F-statistics 8.488,p-value 0.000.Budgeting has significant positive effect on profit after tax with R2 0.255,F-statistics 4.188 and p-value 0.005.Budgeting has significant  weak but positive effect on dividend paid with R2 0182,F-stattistics of 2.733 and p-value of 0039.The result of the combined effect showed that budgeting has  positive and significant effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria with R2 0.511,F-statistics of 12.778 and p-value of 0.000.The study concluded that budgeting has positive effect on sustainable performance of Nigeria quoted food and beverages companies in Nigeria.

Keywords: Budgeting, Control, Coordination, Evaluation, Planning, and sustainable performance.

Assessment and Control Measures of Flood Risk in Ajibode Area of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)

Flood is one of the major factors that prevent Africa’s population from escaping poverty level. The most hit by flood are usually urban poor who have less choice, but to end up living in flood prone areas. Ravaging flood events in Nigeria can be dated back to 1963 in Ibadan city, when Ogunpa River was over-flown causing loss of lives and properties. Many factors have been attributed as the resultant factors leading to floods in literature. This study thus assesses flood risk and its control measures in Ajibode area of Ibadan, Oyo state, while appropriate recommendations are made in order to reduce flood risk in the study area. In order to achieve this, questionnaires were administered through random systematic sampling technique to the household heads of 216 buildings from 720 buildings as the sampling frame of the study. Chi-square test reveals significant relationships between annual house rent and monthly income of the respondents with their vulnerability to flood with p-values of 0.00 and 0.04 respectively.

Keywords: Channelization, Control, Flood, Hazard, Measures, Nigeria, Risk, Urban, river