Tag Archives: Contribution

Social Cost Accounting and Profitability of Glaxo Smith Kline Nigeria Plc. Listed On the NSE (Published)

This study examined the relationship between social cost accounting and profitability with a focus on GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Nigeria PLC in a case study. The study adopted employee benefits, incentives welfare and healthcare cost (EBI) and contribution to government revenue (CGR) as proxy for social cost accounting (the independent variables), while profit after tax (PAT) representing profitability was adopted as the dependent variable. Secondary data for the selected study variables were obtained through content analysis of the annual reports of GlaxoSmithKline for the period 2011 to 2018. The study employed descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis based on the E-view 10 software as techniques for data analysis. The results revealed that all the independent variables had positive relationship with profit after tax, but only contribution to government revenue was significant at 5% level. The regression results also showed that the coefficient of determination (R-squared) value of approximately 0.94 indicating that 94% of changes in the dependent variable are accounted for by the combined effect of changes in the independent variables. The combined effect of variations of the explanatory variables significantly explained changes in the dependent variable with probability of F-statistic value of 0.000007 (at 5% level of significance). The study concluded that social cost accounting is significantly related to profitability. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended that the management of GlaxoSmithKline should continue to implement the social cost accounting policies already put in place as they provide a good social image for the company, and that would guarantee the long run success and survival of the company.

Keywords: Accounting, Contribution, Profitability, employee benefits, social cost

The Roles of Education in Nigeria: Implication to Economic Development. (Published)

This paper examines the roles of education on economic development. However, it stated clearly the contributions of education on economic acceleration in Nigeria. Yet, it also discussed the types of education. Similarly, it explained the implication of education on the economic development.     

Keywords: Contribution, economic development implication., roles of education

The contributions of Social Media as sources of information to the Newspapers in Tanzania (Published)

The attention of this study was to examine the contributions made by social media as “sources of information” to the newspapers in Tanzania. Specifically, the study examined the extent through which social media had contributed news stories for the selected newspapers in the country. The study also sought to determine the social media which had often contributed news stories to the selected newspapers. Lastly, the study, pursued to determine the contents and nature of the stories retrieved from the social media by the selected newspapers. This was a content analysis study which utilized documentary review of the three selected newspapers. Three newspapers of Mwananchi, Daily News, and the Citizen were purposefully selected for the study. A recording manual was designed and used during the documentary review and the unit of analysis included: hard news stories, soft news stories, column, editorial comment, features and sports stories. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data since the study carried qualitative data. The findings suggest that social media have played a significant contribution in providing news stories for the newspapers in Tanzania. It further suggest that, in all social media used, Twitter is the number one social media which provides more news stories to the newspapers in Tanzania. Lastly, the findings suggest that most of the news stories retrieved from social media were political stories, entertainment, and sports.

Keywords: Contribution, Newspapers, Social media, Tanzania, as sources of information

The Roles of Education in Nigeria: Implication to Economic Development. (Published)

This paper examines the roles of education on economic development. However, it stated clearly the contributions of education on economic acceleration in Nigeria. Yet, it also discussed the types of education. Similarly, it explained the implication of education on the economic development.     

Keywords: Contribution, Economic Development, Implication, roles of education

Contribution of ICT to Poverty Reduction Among Women in Kilosa District (Published)

This study examines the contribution of information communication technology to poverty reduction among women.The study assessed availability and accessibility of ICT infrastructures, the role of ICTs in poverty reduction among womenand determine factors that hinder accessibility of ICT tools among women. The study was done in  kilosa Morogoro and involved a total of 50 respondent. The study used survey research methodology to collect data. Three instruments were applied to facilitate data collection,that is structured questionnaire for interview, observation and documentation (secondary data) collected from household as a base of data collection as well as ICT telecentre and other sources of data. The data was collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist. Findings show that male respondents were 38% while females were 62%. Of the sample population who use ICT 60% were females while 38% were males. This study provided a first look on the role of ICTs to poverty reduction among women by identifying the benefits  of ICT which are: job creation,  banking services, improvement agriculture by ensuring availability of market, prevent middlemen exploitation,expanding and strengthening social networks and ensure accessibility and ownership of assets. The conclusion of the study calls for increasing investment in education, creating awareness among women regarding the range of services provided, improvement of ICT infrastructure, reduces cost in ICTs services provision, public and private investment is a vital tool therefore maximization of employment opportunity, including physical infrastructure, and entrepreneurial skills. The study suggests one area for further research: one is the extent to which ICTs infrastructures helps women in poverty reduction compared to those who do not use by specifying indicators of development brought by ICT tools.

Keywords: Contribution, ICT, Poverty Reduction, Women

Multiculturalism – A New Technique of Indian Modern Writers (Published)

Indian English has been universally accepted as a unique style of discourse with its own nuances giving expression to Indian Multiculturalism. In the works of writers in India or those abroad not only the new Indian writers in the west, expatriates, second and third generation writers, but also the classical authors like A. K. |Ramanujan, Nissim Ezekiel, Mulk Raj Anand, R. K. Narayan, and Bhabani Bhattacharya are being interpreted in the new old critical mode as well the current critical styles of multiculturalism. The concept of Multiculturalism recognizes the ethnic diversity within a society and has enlightened worthwhile contributions to society made by people from diverse backgrounds .Multiculturalism as a social theory brings together different themes such as cultural diversity, recognition, mutual concern, and peaceful co-existence of many cultures and sub-cultures.

Keywords: Contribution, Ethnic Diversity, Multiculturalism, Recognition

Evaluation of the Contribution of Portfolios of New Contributory Pension Scheme on Nigerian Economy (Published)

Pension fund investment is one of the key areas in the new contributory pension fund in Nigeria. One of the major challenges confronting the managers of the PFAs in investment decisions is the dearth of investment outlets which has been spread into various securities. The focus of this study is to evaluate the contribution of portfolios of new contributory pension fund on Nigerian gross domestic product (GDP) and the relationships between the pension portfolios with the Nigerian GDP. The population of the study entails nine (9) years while six (6) years were sampled for study (2007-2012). The parameters like Domestic Ordinary Shares, Federal Government of Nigeria Securities, Local Money Market Securities and Real Estate Property of pension fund for the period under review were used. Statistical tool like Scientific Packages for Social Scientists (SPSS) version 18.0 were used to regress the data and the hypotheses were tested using F-test and Pearson product moment correlation test. Result shows that, Domestic Ordinary Shares, Federal Government of Nigeria Securities and Real Estate Property of pension fund all have positive contributions to Nigerian gross domestic product for the period under review while Local Money Market Securities have negative contribution to Nigerian GDP. We recommended that, there should be more investment of pension fund in Domestic Ordinary Shares, Federal Government of Nigeria securities and Real estate property to boost Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nigeria. However, there should be a reduce investment of pension fund in Local Money Market Securities because of its negative impact on the Nigerian gross domestic product as revealed by this study.

Keywords: Contribution, Evaluation, New Contributory Pension Scheme, Nigerian Economy, Portfolios

The Contribution Made By Qualitative Research to Tesol (Teaching English To Speakers Of Other Languages) (Published)

Students and researchers of different disciplines — such as sociology, psychology, health care, nursing, education, arts and humanities, and so on — employ qualitative methods for their research project. In education, TESOL researchers increasingly use qualitative research enquiry. This study aimed to appraise the contributions of qualitative research to TESOL. In order to achieve this aim, the study demonstrated a critical understanding of theoretical debates in qualitative research. Then, two articles related to English language teaching to speakers of other languages were chosen with a view to arguing that qualitative research paradigm contributes to TESOL more than any other research paradigms. The key findings were characteristics of qualitative research: description-understanding-interpretation, dynamic, no single way of doing something- multiple realities, inductive thinking, holistic, in-depth study, words-themes-writing, and non-linear; existence of nexus between interpretivism and qualitative research; and positive impacts of qualitative research on TESOL.

Keywords: Contribution, Interpretivism, Meaning, Perspective, Qualitative research, TESOL