The Development of Contextual Approach-Based Materials for Poetry Writing On Grade X Student In Sma Budi Murni 2 Medan (Published)
This research is based on the learning problems of class X students of SMA Budi Murni 2 that are still teacher-centered. This causes students not being able to study independently because of the lack of poetry text references used in poetry writing class. In addition, the student’s ability to write poetry texts is known to be low because the teaching materials used by teachers and students are still based on textbooks. The book is the only source of information for poetry text writing study. In learning to write poetry texts, teacher sometimes still use learning methods that tend to be monotonous, such as the use of discussion methods. This is known from the results of observations made by the researchers themselves. All poetry texts writing learning comes from textbooks. Based on the above problems, the researcher conducted a research development aimed at (1) to analyze the development process of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan, (2) to analyze the feasibility of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan, (3) to analyze the effectiveness of the contextual approach-based poetry text writing materials on grade X student in SMA Budi Murni 2 Medan. The method adopted is the Research and development (R&D) proposed by Sugiyono, based on Borg and Gall. The trial subjects consisted of 3 students in individual test, 9 students in small group test, and 35 students in limited field test. The data collection technique used observation, interviews, questionnaire, and poetry text writing test. The research result shows that (1) material expert’s validation includes content feasibility with an average of 83,52% in “very good” criteria, presentation eligibility with an average of 87,5% in “very good” criteria, and language aspect with an average of 75% in “good” criteria, (2) graphyc design expert’s validation with an average of 83,46% in “very good” criteria, (3) teachers’ responses with an average of 88,23% in “very good” criteria, (4) individual test with an average of 77,77% in “very good” criteria, (5) small group test with an average of 80,10% in “very good” criteria, (6) limited field test with an average of 84,82% in “very good” criteria. The learning outcomes of student’s poetry writing before using the module was 74.28, while after using the module increased up to 85.57. The resulted difference between before and after the module usage is as much as 11.29. The implication of this study is that, the developed teaching materials may provide practical contributions in the implementation of the learning process for teacher. This is because the additional teaching materials provide convenience in the process of teaching.
The Development of News Text Writing Material Based on Contextual Learning on Students Grade Viii Smp Prestasi Utama (Published)
This study aims to find out about the development of teaching materials to write news text based on contextual learning on grade VIII students SMP Prestasi Utama Sunggal. The teaching materials developed is modular. The research method used was research and development method of Research and Development (R&D) referenced on Borg & Gall model proposed by Wina Sanjaya. The results showed that: (1) validation of the material experts included the feasibility of the content with an average of 86.02% on very good criteria, the feasibility of the presentation with an average of 92.30% on very good criteria, and the assessment of the language with an average of 89 , 42% on very good criteria, (2) design expert validation with an average of 80% on very good criteria, (3) teacher responses with an average of 84.17% on very good criteria, (4) individual trials with an average of 77.79% on either criterion, (5) small group trials with an average of 80.32% on very good criteria, and (6) limited field tests with an average of 87.04% on very good criteria. The result of learning test of writing news text before using module equal to 66,40, while the result of learning test of writing news text after using module increased equal to 77,96. The difference is 11.96 from before to after using module. This proves that teaching materials to write news text developed is able to improve student learning outcomes by using contextual learning-based learning. This study has implications that students can more easily develop ideas based on events that students experience in the activities of writing news text. Indonesian Language Teachers respond well to module-developed teaching materials, so the module can be used as teaching material at school. Modules that have been developed can be an input and comparison in implementing learning-oriented curriculum development curriculum specially in curriculum 2013 so as to contribute to the goals of institutions and national education goals.
THE CONTEXTUAL AND PERFORMANCE DIMENSIONS OF ASAFO MUSIC FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ANNUAL AKWAMBO FESTIVAL (Published)
The paper presents the authors’ insights into the various types of asafo music as performed by Kyirem Asafo No. 1 of Ajumako Mando. It highlights the contexts of performance of Asafo musical genre and shows the instrumental usages of the musical types including performance practice. Based on the theory of homology, the authors present a relation between musical performance and social structure that expresses musical identity of the Mando people and the Fante at large. It is noted that beside its contextual obligation of performing at the traditional Akwambɔ festival, which has been structured for seven days, the asafo group also features at funerals of men in the community as well as women who are members of the group. The paper concludes that instrumental organizations solely depend on the asafo musical type as well as the context in which it is performed, giving the Mando people a firmer sense of cultural identity.