This paper is a review of contemporary relativism as a human dignity problem. It began with a conceptual review and a wholesome analysis of the variables as contained. Relativism stipulates from the analysis made that moral principles are not universal, but contextual; thus, “members of one community do not fairly judge or reject certain conventional social practices. Relativism, in its most severe form, rejects the existence of valid cross-cultural criteria for assessing human rights policies and exempts from public scrutiny, certain differences in social norms and institutions. Relativism is a dynamic term whose philosophical origins lie in debates about relativism in science theory and language theory. Usually, relativism is presented in contrast to realism, which is the belief that what is real and true happens independently of the mind. Where epistemological, social, economic, and cognitive relativism of several different forms are present. It is widely reported that one aspect (e.g. moral principles, information, and meaning) relates to a particular context (e.g. the person subject, a society, or a language). Although cultural relativism provides sociology with a reflexive and critical method, political and moral conservatives continue to despair about the effect of cultural relativism on analytical discourse and the change away from the objective, measurable principles as the measure of all claims to reality. Nevertheless, some scholars have suggested that cultural relativism can be embraced without compromising a commitment to the concept of moral values, or human rights.
A Comparative Research of Legislation for Comprising a Special Law in Support of Single Mothers of Bangladesh (Published)
Bangladesh is an independent country as well as the state has been ratified several international covenants regarding human rights aimed to reflect the conventional substances upon domestic laws. The constitution of Bangladesh is also an ideal source to protect civil rights such as it has guaranteed elimination of gender discrimination from the state by enforcing obligatory legal measures. Despite of having influence of international human rights and affirmative declaration from the constitution the single mothers of Bangladesh are deprived tremendously with their children. This phenomenon signifies presence of scarcity of special legislation in support of single mothers in the country. The aim of this paper is to compare the legislation of China and Bangladesh regarding women and children for comprising a contemporary appropriate law to hold up the rights of single mothers of Bangladesh.
The work interrogates an imposed constitutionalism in contemporary African societies. We traced the development of imposed constitutionalism to 1945 when Japan was defeated and American drafted a constitution for Japanese which were described as old fashion and the present imposed constitutionalism been drafted and adopted under the shadow of gun; it happened in Yugoslavia, East Timor, Afghanistan and Iraq. Since majority of African states constitution are imposed, the work set out to examine the impact of imposed constitutionalism on contemporary African states. We discovered that the attempt by one country to impose a constitution on another country is bound to be a difficult task, more so when the reform is coming from outside. Because impose constitutionalism will bring with it a new culture, the cultural conditions that may not fixed in to the country concern. The work then suggests that the advanced countries should give the African opportunity to try their hand on their own constitution, the constitution that will fit in to the culture of the country concern. And the African on the other hand should endeavor to chose the best out of the crops of learned men endowed the continent to produce a constitution that will not only fit in to the culture but that will take care of the common good of the citizen.
The contemporary novelist, Anita Brookner’s novels bring to light how the feminine self is also a patchwork of social injunctions as well as images inscribed in the literary canon. Her novels fictionalize the self in the process of rethinking and seeking its worth through a more meaningful identity than just the self-denying or sexually desirable conceptions of womanhood, reflected through cultural representations. Brookner’s novel, The Bay of Angels (2001) is an exploration of self-restraint, dignity and obligation within a tale of love and loneliness. Being orphaned and dejected by her flirtatious lover, Adam, she hopes to have a lifelong commitment characterized by certainty. Finally, Zoë happily accepts the present arrangement and considers her relationship with Dr. Balbi a precious one as it has involved no change of character, no effort to meet each other’s requirements. Zoë’s idea of love shows her broad vision as she does not want the man she loves for herself alone but is generous enough to let him share his affections with his helpless sister. This attitude of not wanting to be loved for oneself alone, in the broader sense, serves as the foundation for a healthy and harmonious society.
This study is an investigation of the changing privileges and challenges of older people in contemporary African society. Prior to the contact with the West, older people were highly valued in African society because of their accumulated knowledge and wisdom, which they used to settled disputes, integrates the society and educate the young. In return, they enjoyed many privileges in the society. However, changes in the structure of African society occasioned by the introduction of formal education by the West neutralized this traditional system of caring for older people as they are now facing many challenges. Modernization theory was adopted in analyzing the study. Data for this study were purposely collected through the secondary sources. The findings revealed that older people are facing the challenges of basic needs such as food, shelter, love and proper care. Depressions in older people are misdiagnosed or mislabeled as normal aspects of old age. Old age is sad accompanied by inevitable declined. Older people as other age categories need money weekly to provide for their needs and that of their household. It was therefore, recommended that elderly people should be cared for by their entire extended family system. In addition, African government should pay monthly allowance to both the retired and the unemployed elderly people to assist their family to take proper care of older people