Evaluating the Processes and Constraints of Land Administration System in Delta State Nigeria (Published)
Good administration and management of land significantly influences better land use planning and development. Despite the socio-economic benefits accrued to a well-developed Land administration system (LAS) in urban areas, studies attests that most LAS in developing nations still remains highly underdeveloped. This study evaluates the processes and constraints of land administration in Delta State Nigeria. The descriptive research design was used in this study. Primary data were obtained through the administration of well-structured questionnaire to 277 respondents across five urban centers in the study State. The sample comprised of 96 Estate Surveyor and Valuers, 168 Estate Agent/Private Property Developers and 13 Land Officers. Given the nature of the respondents; combinations of simple random and purposive sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the sample. In the same medium, data gathered were analyzed systematically by the adoption of descriptive and inferential statistical tools: mean score, standard deviation, Relative impact index, factor analysis and Pearson-chi square to achieve the desire objectives of the study. Findings revealed that land title registration and process standardization are the major requirements for land administration system, again, administrative, technical, financial, and market challenges were found to be major constraints to effective LAS. It was therefore recommended that a sound land administration system with a robust strategy be put in place to ensure long-term sustainable development in Delta State.
Analysis of cassava production in Akpabuyo Local Government Area: An econometric investigation using farm-level data (Published)
The study analyzed the economics of cassava production in Akpabuyo LGA of Cross River State. Multistage random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 75 respondents for the study using a validated structured questionnaire. Data analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics, budgetary method and regression analysis. Findings revealed that farm size, labour, the quantity of fertilizer, and gender were the significant factors affecting cassava production in the study area. The coefficients of elasticity showed that a 10% increase in capital, labour, number of bundles and quantity of fertilizer would lead to 0.06, 0.84, 0.03 and 0.85% increase respectively in cassava production while that of farm size will lead to -0.64% decline in cassava production. Total Cost (TC) per hectare of N35,990.4 was incurred in cassava production and a net farm income (NFI) of N39,957.6 was earned and return on naira invested was N2.11. Unfavourable government policies, sparse marketing outlets, inadequate capital, high cost of inputs, insufficient farmland, high cost of transportation and lack of extension services were the severe constraint faced by cassava farmers in the study area. Extension agents should be mobilized and sent to the study area to educate the farmers on the innovation practices available for cassava farming to encourage its production.