Tag Archives: Consequences

Child Sexual Abuse: Consequences and the Way Forward (Published)

Child sexual abuse has become a common occurrence in the society. This has become a high risk problem for the victims or survivours. The social media is filled with incidents of sexual abuse of young children by adults within the family and without. Incest committed by fathers, other relations and people known to the victims are on the increase in countries of the world. Sexual abuse has made young children to be unsafe in their communities and this portends ills for these children especially the girl child. This paper therefore takes a look at the overview of child sexual abuse, survivors and perpetrators of sexual abuse, girl child and sexual abuse, consequences of child sexual abuse and the way forward to curbing child sexual abuse in the society. The way forward to curbing it include prompt reporting of incidents of sexual abuse to appropriate authorities for adequate intervention, policy instruments and laws forbidding the evil act and indicating sanctions against perpetrators, medical and psychological treatment/counseling for survivors, public enlightenment against acts of child sexual abuse among others. The study utilized secondary data drawn from existing literature, journals, books and libraries.

Keywords: Child Sexual Abuse, Consequences, way forward

Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Social Adjustment on Peer Victimization among Secondary School Students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

Emotional intelligence and social adjustment are positive psychological constructs which can help to establish positive attitude and warm relationship among people. So students are expected to imbibe these virtuous constructs so as to relate well with one another and to avoid bullying and antisocial behaviours. Therefore, this correlational study investigated the influence of emotional intelligence and social adjustment on peer victimization among secondary school students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. A sample of 372 students from public secondary schools in the area was composed from a population of 1548 senior secondary school (1&2) students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria using simple random sampling technique and proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection is Emotional Intelligence, Social Adjustment and Peer Victimization Questionnaire. The instrument validated through the assistance of three experts in Counselling Psychology has reliability coefficients obtained through Cronbach alpha technique in the range of 0.68-0.82. The results of the study show that emotional intelligence had a high negative and significant influence on peer victimization among secondary school students in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State; social adjustment had a high negative and significant influence on peer victimization among secondary school students; emotional intelligence and social adjustment had a negative and significant joint influence on peer victimization. Based on the findings, it was recommended that counsellors, teachers, parents/guardians and religious leaders should make spirited effort to inculcate the virtue of emotional intelligence and social adjustment in the students. This they can do by preaching virtuous principles such as conscientiousness, love, selflessness, and consideration for others among young people including the students.  

 

Keywords: Bullying, Consequences, Emotional Intelligence, Peer victimization, Victims, antisocial behavior, perpetrators, pro-social behavior

Two Sides of the Same Coin: Harmful or Helpful? A Critical Review of the Consequences of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (Published)

This paper critically examines the literature on the consequences of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). More specifically it explores and summarizes the helpful and harmful effect of OCB identified in the literature. Based on the theoretical and empirical literature review the author developed a framework for understanding consequences of OCB research. Framework identifies four areas of emphasis of OCB consequences; the organizational level positive consequences, organizational level negative consequences, individual level positive consequences, and individual level negative consequences. For each emphasis area the paper discusses the theoretical frameworks used, different arguments by various scholars and summarizes the empirical research results. Although the review has found few negative outcomes of OCB, positive outcome seems to be very significance. Therefore, negative outcomes seem to be offset by positive ones. Study suggests that reducing in engagement in OCBs is not advisable, future research should focus in findings ways to reduce the negative outcomes while increasing engagement of OCBs. HR practitioners also can bring their consideration to deal with the negative effects of OCBs at workplace. The paper concludes with a discussion of emerging issues, new research directions, and practical implications of OCB consequences research. This review highlighted that although there is a growing multidisciplinary literature on OCB, much remains to be studied.

Keywords: Consequences, Future Directions, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Review

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF LABOR UNREST IN JUTE MILLS OF KHULNA DIVISION IN BANGLADESH: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY (Published)

Bangladesh is eminent for jute production and earned a big amount of foreign currency by exporting jute and jute products but the jute industry of Bangladesh has been in continuous problems. Among them one of the major problems is labors unrest. This research is about the causes and consequences of labor unrest in Jute mills. Study looking at the major causes and consequences of labor unrest in jute mills in the light of socio-economic framework, looking at the irregularities and mismanagement of the mill authorities, and also tried to look at the current situation of trade union in jute mills. A huge number of people are working in the jute mills in our country that are mostly from lower income group. They are leading a miserable life because of their insufficient wages and other facilities. They have faced serious problems to maintain their family with this little income. In this regard the study tried to explore the socio-economic conditions of the workers. The study was conducted in some selected jute mills of Khulna division. The study has been conducted mainly in quantitative method and followed an interview schedule for collecting the data. 306 samples were selected purposively. Semi-structured questionnaire was used for conducting interview. Study found most of the workers are agitate because of dissatisfaction on salary, fringe benefits and working condition and outcome is unexpected mainly low productivity and frequent change of trade union leadership.

Keywords: Causes, Consequences, Labor, Social and Economical Impact, Unrest

Causes and Consequences of Labour Unrest in Jute Mills of Khulna Division in Bangladesh: An Empirical Study (Published)

Bangladesh is eminent for jute production and earned a big amount of foreign currency by exporting jute and jute products but the jute industry of Bangladesh has been in continuous problems. Among them one of the major problems is labors unrest. This research is about the causes and consequences of labor unrest in Jute mills. Study looking at the major causes and consequences of labor unrest in jute mills in the light of socio-economic framework, looking at the irregularities and mismanagement of the mill authorities, and also tried to look at the current situation of trade union in jute mills. A huge number of people are working in the jute mills in our country that are mostly from lower income group. They are leading a miserable life because of their insufficient wages and other facilities. They have faced serious problems to maintain their family with this little income. In this regard the study tried to explore the socio-economic conditions of the workers. The study was conducted in some selected jute mills of Khulna division. The study has been conducted mainly in quantitative method and followed an interview schedule for collecting the data. 306 samples were selected purposively. Semi-structured questionnaire was used for conducting interview. Study found most of the workers are agitate because of dissatisfaction on salary, fringe benefits and working condition and outcome is unexpected mainly low productivity and frequent change of trade union leadership.

Keywords: Causes, Consequences, Labor, Social and Economical Impact, Unrest