The period we are in Nigeria is a unique time in history as a nation. The country has in recent times, witnessed an unprecedented magnitude of violence that has shaken the unity of Nigeria. The study therefore examined the challenges to peace building in Nigeria. . The study had adopted descriptive perspective in its analysis of the secondary data obtained for the study. The data obtained indicated that violent conflict from the ramous region and tribes of Nigeria is rooted in the conflict diversity of the citizens and bad governance structure. The study concluded that gives the present political and economic structure, the prospects of achieving peace are less probable, unless, the government of Nigeria would generate political will to address huge human capital development afflict, invest In infrastructure, and re-engineer political consensus on socio-economic and political development in the country.
This topic is borne out of the need to check an ugly trend which is now a cankerworm eating deeply into our health indices and progressively leading to the increasing mortality of our citizens even at a rate that may be far more than the activities of the terrorists. Shortly I shall be looking at the crack (conflicts and controversies) that have been created between Religion and Medical Science which unfortunately is widening by the day for no just cause.
The Place of Arbitration Practice in Resolving Ethnic and Religious Violence/Conflicts in Nigeria (Published)
Disputes/conflicts/violence is generally an inevitable part of human interaction. They have a common place in the affairs of men and are bound to arise at one stage or the other in all human interactions like matrimonial, socio-political, industrial, family, ethnic, religious and commercial disputes/conflicts/violence. One thing is clear and that is that disputes/conflicts/violence certainly occur daily in our private and public life. No contract is totally without problems. No two parties are ever totally agreed on everything that arises in connection with whatever it is that binds them together. Conflicts/violence/disputes have to be resolved. In some circumstances many are resolved amicable before they even cross inter party’s borderline. In others, an unbiased third party has to intervene in the resolution of the disputes/conflicts/violence. Different methods exist for the resolution of disputes/conflicts/violence namely litigation, negotiation, mediation conciliation and arbitration. We are concerned here mainly with arbitration practice which has a vital role in resolving ethnic/religious crisis in Nigeria. Nigeria has suffered a lot of ethnic/religious crisis since 1960 till date. Examples are: the Biafran war, Niger Delta crisis, Boko Haram crisis etc and other minor ethnic/religious crisis. Arbitration has played a vital role in resolving some of these crises. In this paper we will be looking at the meaning of arbitration, types of arbitration, and the place of arbitration over litigation in resolving ethnic/religious crisis in Nigeria, examples of where arbitration practice was used in resolving ethnic/religious crisis in Nigeria and the recommendations on how to manage ethnic/religious violence/conflicts through arbitration practice. The method that will be employed in undertaking this research exercise will be mainly the primary sources. Emphasis will also be placed on oral interviews, questionnaires and data analysis. Materials will also be sourced from the literature texts, articles in journals, judicial decisions, statutes from within and outside the Nigerian jurisdictions for the legal analysis of the subject matter of the topic. Articles published in relevant journals in Nigeria, papers presented by eminent scholars on the area and judicial decisions from superior courts throughout Nigeria will be used. The internet will also be used for accessing relevant materials and data wherever available throughout the world.
Climate Change and Pastoral Conflicts in the Middle Belt and South-East Nigeria: Implication on Human Resource of the Regions (Published)
This paper examined the relationship between climate change and pastoral conflicts as well as their effects on human resource of both the middle belt and south eastern Nigeria. It is ex-post-factor in nature and thus relied heavily on literature with qualitative data and descriptive method of analysis. The study revealed that the pastoralists migrate due largely to extreme and unfavourable weather conditions occasioned by climate change. In the main, Deprivation, frustration and aggression theory was employed to anchor the study. The paper noted that the strength of a nation lies in her resources; however, pastoral conflicts occasioned by climate change has had a far reaching negative consequences on resources of these regions, ranging from waste to absolute destruction and depletion of both human and material resources. The paper recommended that active and sincere government intervention through the establishment of Grazing corridors or ranches in the regions, funding of research and development and establishment of regulatory frame work will help stem the tide
Conflict Resolution in Higher Education Institutions: The Case of Ghanaian Public Universities (Published)
The paper reports preliminary findings from an ongoing research analyzing the purported resolution of promotion-related conflicts in Ghanaian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The purpose of the study was to examine how promotion-related conflicts in HEIs are being resolved. It sought to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the processes and procedures with the view to recommend ways of improving the resolution of promotion-related conflicts in Ghanaian HEIs. The data is drawn from questionnaires administered to two hundred and forty (240) randomly sampled Faculty members, while 18 senior administrators were also purposively sampled for semi-structured interviews. Promotion policy documents were also analyzed. The data reported in this paper highlights that Ghanaian Universities have processes and procedures for conflict resolution, although the quality of the procedures may be debated. It further suggests that ‘process’ is a critical factor in resolving promotion-related conflicts in HEIs.
VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE: AFRICAN WOMEN AND THE CONSEQUENCES OF WAR, AN APRAISAL OF VIOLENCE IN THE SIERRA LEONE CIVIL WAR (Review Completed - Accepted)
Women in all ages in different countries have been victims of violence, particularly violence emanating from wars. In Africa, women have had to contend with rape, loneliness, shame and rejection among others. The Sierra Leone Civil War brought to the attention of the world the bestiality of the male folk. Although it affected all members of the Sierra Leonean society, its effects on women were more devastating. This paper examines the violation of the rights of women in the Sierra Leone Civil War; the role played by the rebel movement, government forces and civil defence corps in gender related abuses; and find out why women are more vulnerable to rights violation in armed conflicts particularly in Sierra Leone. The methodology adopted was based on secondary sources. Our findings are that women were raped, brutalized and murdered and in some cases abducted and used as sex slaves. The study recommended that perpetrators of war crimes particularly against women should be severely punished to deter others.
THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE, ETHNO-RELIGIOUS PLURALISM AND THE CHALLENGE OF NATIONAL UNITY IN NIGERIA (Published)
This paper highlighted the ethno-religious pluralism and the attendant rivalry and violent conflicts in Nigeria. It also critically analyzed the proposed National Conference (NC) in the light of its potentials in reducing the age-long ethno-religious resentments and sectarian violence that have been tearing the country apart. Although the authors condemned the unilateral and arbitrary amalgamation of January 1st 1914, they believe that a genuine National Conference can solve and undo the mistakes of the past. Using a historical phenomenological approach, it was found that a genuine national conference or dialogue is an inevitable solution to the threat of disintegration in Nigeria