Tag Archives: Confidentiality

Arbitration is a private and confidential process only to some extent (Published)

This paper seeks to examine and analyse the levels of privacy and confidentiality of the arbitration process by exploring circumstances and legal provisions surrounding this process.

Keywords: Confidentiality, Privacy, arbitration process

A Framework for Security of Data in Telemedicine (Published)

One of the challenges of telemedicine as observed in the literature is the issue of insecurity of data. This has come with its attendant lack of confidentiality and data integrity, the attributes most needed in medical records. An attempt to proffer solution to this problem is in the design of a framework comprising Rivest, Shamir and Adleman (RSA) cipher combined with the F4 frequency domain steganography algorithm. The framework is demonstrated with a simulated scenario. Complicated though this integration seems to be, the foolproof security offered outweighs the computational complexity.

Keywords: Confidentiality, Cryptography, F4, Integrity, RSA, Security, Steganography, telemedicine

Entrenching Quality Educational Output through Teachers’ Professional Ethics of Social Justice and Confidentiality (Published)

The study examined the entrenchment of quality educational output through teachers’ professional ethics of social justice and confidentiality in federal universities, South-South Zone of Nigeria. Two research questions were raised, and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The correlational research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised 6,305 teaching staff and 32,613 graduating students in the 2014/2015 and 2015/2016 academic sessions distributed into the six federal universities in South-South Zone of Nigeria. Purposive and simple random sampling method of balloting were used to select 1,275 (20%) teaching staff and 3,517 (10%) students. Two instruments titled “Ethics of Social Justice and Confidentiality Questionnaire (ESJCQ)”, and “Graduate Educational Output Checklist (GEOC)” were used for data collection.  The reliability co-efficient of ESJCQ was determined using the Cronbach Alpha Analysis and a reliability index of 0.87 was obtained. Coefficient of R value and R2 were used to answer the research questions, while the f-value of Simple Linear Regression Analysis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the quality of educational output in Nigerian South-South federal universities can be entrenched by teachers’ adherence to the ethics of social justice and confidentiality. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, teachers and administrators should face 21st century demands and adapt to tough academic and fiscal challenges by understanding the power of relational confidentiality and trust as an instructional tool for improving student performance. Furthermore, Institutional leaders and stake holders should ensure that teachers’ professional development programmes focuses on enlightening teachers on how to integrate equity, activism, fairness, justice and the elimination of oppression in order to positively impact students’ educational output.

Keywords: Confidentiality, Federal Universities, Quality, Social Justice, Teachers, educational output, professional ethics

In the Age of Technology: Legal Protection for Personal Health Information in Nigeria (Published)

The need to protect the personal health information of individuals has become a global phenomenon. This is based on the duty of confidentiality that healthcare providers owe patients in general of which Nigeria is not an exception. Gradually, doctors and health workers have begun to embrace electronic record keeping of patients’ records and the old case note is giving way to electronic forms of record and storage. Thus, personal health information has become another type of electronically stored information that is capable of processing and manipulation by computers. This paper appraises the state of personal health information protection under Nigerian law by looking at the legislative provisions that guarantee protection for personal data especially in the healthcare sector.  It examined the constitutional guarantee of the right to privacy, the National Health Act, 2014 and the Nigeria Data Protection Regulations, 2019. A brief attempt was made to look at the legal basis for data protection in the United Kingdom and also a peek into the United States Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The paper observed in a conclusion that the laws appear to be a good start up towards the security of personal health information

Keywords: Confidentiality, Data protection, Healthcare, Personal Health Information, Technology