Tag Archives: Condition Factor

Food and feeding habits of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) in some areas of the eastern coast of Libya (Published)

The puffer fish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789), family Tetraodontidae, is a Lessepsian species which has invaded the Eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea. The present work is the first study that gives an account of length-weight relationship, condition factors and feeding habits of L. sceleratus in the eastern coast of Libya.L. sceleratus were randomly sampled monthly during January to December 2015 from the artisanal catch of Ain El-Ghazala lagoon (a total of 146 specimens) and Derna coast (22 specimens) on eastern Libya. Ain El- Ghazala fish had total length ranging from 19.5 to 73.4 cm corresponding to total weight of 149.3 to 4000.5 g. Total length of Derna L. sceleratus ranged from 49.5 to 73.4 cm corresponding to total weights of 1657.2 to 4011.8 gm. The length (L) weight (W) relationship W = 0.01881 *L2.8774, n = 146, R2 = 0. 7135 reflects a near isometric growth for Ain El- Ghazala fish (b = 2.8774). Fulton and Clark condition factors (KF and KC) of Ain El- Ghazala L. sceleratus were high in spring (1.34 and1.23 consecutively) and summer (1.43 and 1.21) and low in winter (1.21 and 1.13) and autumn (1.25 and 1.16).Mollusks (72.5%), supplemented by crustaceans (17.4%) and fishes (10.2%), composed the diet of Ain El-Ghazala L. sceleratus. Mollusks dominated the diet in all seasons, followed by crustaceans, then fishes. Feeding intensity was high during spring (83.5%) and autumn (72.6%) and low in winter (41.6%) and summer (28.3%). Uptake of mollusks decreased as L. sceleratus size increased, while that of crustaceans and fishes increased. Derna L. sceleratus of all sizes (49.5-73.4 cm) fed only on fishes (100%).

Keywords: Condition Factor, Length-Weight Relationship, eastern Libya, food and feeding, lagocephalus sceleratus, mediterranean sea. lessepsian.

Food and feeding habits of Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) in some areas of the eastern coast of Libya (Published)

The puffer fish Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789), family Tetraodontidae, is a Lessepsian species which has invaded the Eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea. The present work is the first study that gives an account of length-weight relationship, condition factors and feeding habits of L. sceleratus in the eastern coast of Libya.L. sceleratus were randomly sampled monthly during January to December 2015 from the artisanal catch of Ain El-Ghazala lagoon (a total of 146 specimens) and Derna coast (22 specimens) on eastern Libya. Ain El- Ghazala fish had total length ranging from 19.5 to 73.4 cm corresponding to total weight of 149.3 to 4000.5 g. Total length of Derna L. sceleratus ranged from 49.5 to 73.4 cm corresponding to total weights of 1657.2 to 4011.8 gm. The length (L) weight (W) relationship W = 0.01881 *L2.8774, n = 146, R2 = 0. 7135 reflects a near isometric growth for Ain El- Ghazala fish (b = 2.8774). Fulton and Clark condition factors (KF and KC) of Ain El- Ghazala L. sceleratus were high in spring (1.34 and1.23 consecutively) and summer (1.43 and 1.21) and low in winter (1.21 and 1.13) and autumn (1.25 and 1.16).Mollusks (72.5%), supplemented by crustaceans (17.4%) and fishes (10.2%), composed the diet of Ain El-Ghazala L. sceleratus. Mollusks dominated the diet in all seasons, followed by crustaceans, then fishes. Feeding intensity was high during spring (83.5%) and autumn (72.6%) and low in winter (41.6%) and summer (28.3%). Uptake of mollusks decreased as L. sceleratus size increased, while that of crustaceans and fishes increased. Derna L. sceleratus of all sizes (49.5-73.4 cm) fed only on fishes (100%).

Keywords: Condition Factor, Length-Weight Relationship, eastern Libya, food and feeding, lagocephalus sceleratus, mediterranean sea. lessepsian.

Preliminary Investigation of Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Periwinkle (Tympanotonus Fuscatus, Linnaeus 1758) From Okrika Estuary, Niger-Delta Area of Nigeria (Published)

Assessment of length-weight relationship and condition factor of a commercially important mollusc species, Periwinkle, Tympanotonus fuscatus, from Okrika estuary was conducted from October, 2015 to February, 2016. A total of 120 samples of the species were hand-picked from the mangrove ecosystem of Okrika. The results obtained showed that the gastropod species had negative allometric growth patterns with a growth exponent, b value of 2.18. This value was confirmed as negative allometric, because it was significantly different (p<0.05) from 3 when a t-test was carried out. The mean condition factor, K of the species was 18.9, which indicated that they were in good condition during the sampling period. This study recommends that further research needs to be conducted because the sampling duration was one-third of a year (4 months).  Also efforts should be taken to reduce the pollution load in order to safe-guard this valuable resource for the local population.

Keywords: Condition Factor, Length-Weight Relationship, Nigeria, Periwinkle, Tympanotonus Fuscatus

Length-Weight Relationship, Condition Factor and Food and Feeding Habits of Seriola Dumerili (Risso, 1810, Carangidae) In Al-Hamama, Eastern Libya Mediterranean Sea (Published)

Stomachs of 235 pre-adult (PA) and 111 adult (A) Seriola dumerili obtained monthly from Al-Hamama (eastern Libya Mediterranean Sea) artisanal catch during November 2012 to October 2013 were examined to study food and feeding habits of the fish. The length-weight relationships of “PA” and “A” were W = 0.0437L2.819, n = 235, R2 = 0.99 and W = 0.019L2.873, n = 111, R2 = 0.99, indicating isometric growth. Annual ranges of monthly values of Fulton (KF) and Clark (KC) condition factors were 2.35 to 3.1 and 1.71 to 2.52 for “PA” and 0.98 to 1.44 and 0.69 to 1.22 for “A” in order. Relationships of both factors with fish length and months and seasons of the year were established. “PA” KF and KC recorded highest values in autumn and spring, which coincided with the period of highest degree of stomach fullness. “A” KF and KC recorded highest values in spring and summer, which coincided with the period of stomach fullness in spring and the spawning season in summer. Food items of “PA” according to order of importance were crustaceans, mollusks, polychaetes, sea grass and bony fish. Those of “A” were bony fish, mollusks, crustaceans, sea grass and polychaetes. Dependence of “PA” on crustaceans, mollusks and bony fish increased with increasing fish length while that on the other items decreased. Dependence of “A” on bony fish and mollusks increased with increasing fish length while dependence on the other items decreased. “PA” prefers feeding on crustaceans and sea grass in summer, on mollusks and bony fish in spring and on polychaetes in autumn. “A” prefers bony fish in autumn and summer, mollusks and polychaetes in spring, crustaceans in winter and sea grass in summer. Monthly and seasonal feeding intensity were established. The feeding intensity was high during autumn and spring for “PA” and moderate to high during all seasons for “A”.

Keywords: Condition Factor, Feeding Habits, Food, Length-Weight Relationship

Length – Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Liza Ramada from Eastern Coast Of Libya (Published)

Monthly samples of Liza ramada were obtained during  the  period  November 2014 to December 2015,  from fishermen working at  different  location of  the  Eastern coast of Libya. Sex ratio,length-weight relationship and condition factor (K) were studied.Number of fish sample were 234. 96 were male, 47 were female and 91 were immature.Sex ratio male to female were 2:1. The correlation coefficient “r” with  total Length and weight  during all months, male, female, and both sex, was high,  range  between 0.761 to 0.995. The values of slope “b”ranged between 2.165 to 3.3and  at most  months, male, female and both sex,  were bequal 3.The general equation of length-weight relationship  for both sex were: W = 0.004543L3.22, For males was: W = 0.003L3.297, and For females was:W= 0.005L3.17. Values of condition factor of species L. ramada are  high    in December (2014)  1.0714 and April (2015) and   lower values are on January (2015) 0.8163.

Keywords: Condition Factor, Eastern Coast, Length, Liza Ramada, Weight

Vol 2, Issue 2, June 2016 ()

Keywords: Condition Factor, Eastern Coast, Length, Liza Ramada, Weight