Information and Communication Technology Integration in Higher Education: Inequitable Access in Nigeria (Published)
The study was designed to investigate the availability of Information and Communication Technology facilities among undergraduate students. Descriptive survey method of the cross-sectional research design was used for the study. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 600 from the population of undergraduate students in Rivers state Nigeria. A self-assessment instrument, ICT Facilities Availability Inventory – IFAI, developed by the researcher was used to collect data from the sample. The reliability of the instrument was determined through the test-retest method and a reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained. Three experts in the field of Educational Technology and two in Measurement and Evaluation confirmed the face and content validity of the instrument. Six research questions were answered using frequency and percentage while five hypotheses were tested with Chi-Square at 0.05 alpha. The results showed that undergraduate students had more access to laptops and mobile phones and less access to tablet PC and broadband connectivity. Also, over thirteen percent of students do not have access to ICT facilities. There was significant difference found on gender, modes of study, age, level of study and course of study. The conclusion is that there is inequitable access to ICT facilities among undergraduate students.