An Assessment of the Effect of Prior Knowledge in Reading, Communication and Computer Literacy Skills on Computer Based Tests (Published)
Assessment in an integral aspect of educational sector where knowledge acquired by students are tested through this medium. Currently, Computer-based test (CBT) has become the means by which educational assessment is carried out, particularly, in school where physical assessment is difficult. However, most of the students exposed to this form of examination does not possess prior skills required to effectively deliver, hence the need to be acquainted with the modalities involved. This paper assessed the effect of prior reading, communication and computer literacy skills and its effect on the Computer-based test. A quantitative approach using survey questionnaires was adopted to carry out the analysis using purposive sampling technique. The population sample comprised, one hundred and twenty students of the Federal Polytechnic Ilaro which is the case study who had taken CBT entrance examination. The population samples are from 100 – 400 level students selected from the five Schools of the Institution. The findings showed that the majority of respondents have negative attitude towards CBT (75.30%) and they stated that they were incompetent with the use of computer due to their no prior knowledge of adequate reading skills, communication and computer literacy. The performance of the students in the reading skill, communication and computer literacy was low on the validity. This paper concluded that more teachings on reading skills, communication and computer literacy are still needed for the students to perform well compared with their International counterpart’s globally for innovation and global competitiveness.
Evaluation of General Studies Computer Based Tests in Universities in South West Nigeria (Published)
There are perceived short – comings such as server and power failure, denials of right choice of types of examination, limited CBT centres, problem of state of the students’ computer literacy and accessibility, inadequate computers and internet facilities in some universities. The study evaluated the general studies computer based tests in Universities in South West Nigeria. The purpose was to ascertain the extent to which the objectives of General Studies programme had been implemented using computer – based test. The research design for this study was a descriptive research of the survey type. The population for the study comprises 60,000 100 level undergraduate students of 2016/2017 academic session and 330 lecturers in GST in both private and public universities. The sample for the study consisted of 1890 respondents made up of 1800 students and 90 lecturers selected through Multistage Sampling Procedure. Three self designed instruments which are used as General Studies Achievement Test (GSTAT), Questionnaire on General Studies Interest Scale (QGSTIS) and Questionnaire for Lecturers on General Studies (QGSTL) were used. Face, Content and Construct validity of the instruments were ensured and the reliability of the instruments was ensured using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis. The reliability coefficients of 0.65, 0.70 and 0.72 were found for GSTAT, QGSTIS and QLGST respectively. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages. All the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study concluded that the students’ attitude to Computer Based Test for General Studies examination was positive and the objectives of general studies using computer based test were achieved and effectively implemented. In view of the findings of this study, it was recommended that both the Public and Private universities should emphasize the use of CBT for General Studies examination since there was positive attitude of students on the use of CBT for GST. Multiple choice tests should be used for setting General Studies examination when Computer Based Tests have been adopted because multiple choice tests are very effective for measuring students’ performance.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of interaction between the test type and test anxiety level on achievement and performance time. The experimental design according to the independent variables is 3×2 factorial design. The test was delivered through three types; paper (Paper Based Testing-PBT), computers (Computer Based Testing-CBT) and mobile devices (Mobile Based Testing-MBT). Seventy two participants of the third secondary students were randomly assigned into six experimental groups. To classify the sample according to test anxiety level (low/ high), an adapted version of the Westside test anxiety scale was used. Data analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses derived from research questions. The research instrument was an achievement test on the first unit of the third secondary curriculum. Two-way ANOVA test was used to investigate the main effects of the independent variables on dependent ones. Findings revealed the effect of test anxiety on achievement and performance time in favor of low anxiety level students. There were no significant differences on achievement and performance time due to the main effect of test type. Also, there were no significant differences on achievement and performance time due to interaction between test type and test anxiety level.
NEXUS OF CHANGE MANAGEMENT ON ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE AND SURVIVAL IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN) (Published)
Most business managers have seen change becoming a regular aspect of organizational life and they must constantly monitor and respond to these changes appropriately. The overriding goal is to optimize the output of the people involved in this process and reduce the risk of failure in achieving the desired change. Change management is usually seen from an organizational context and refers to the process of developing a planned approach to change in an organization. Business environment has become much more turbulent, uncertain and demanding change is inevitable in an organisation. Business operates in a dynamic environment and organisation that fails to recognise the inevitability of change is doomed to fail. This paper is designed to examine the nexus of change management on organisational performance and survival in Nigerian universities using University of Ilorin as a case study. Both primary and secondary sources of data constitute the main source of data gathering. Random sampling technique was used in selecting the sample size. Regression analysis was used to analyse the data obtained and the testing of one hypothesis formulated. The results obtained reveal a strong negative relationship between changes introduced through Computer Based Test in the University.This research recommends that before embarking on any change, the university should attempt to maintain useful customs and informal relationship, build trust, encourage participation, provide information in advance, make only necessary changes, guarantee against loss, provide counselling, allow for negotiation between the University Management and the staff and students.