Triangulation in a Quasi-Experimental Mixed Methods Study: Convergence, Divergence, and Complementarity of Results (Published)
Mixed methods research is empirically known to bring about converging, diverging, and/or complementary results and this remains a methodological illumination to embrace and a challenge to overcome. The existing literature deals with the review of relevant research results in mixed methods studies with limited testing whether and how results, different or similar, originate from the integrated data analysis and how additional non-quantitized or non-qualitized data are used. After matching phase-one with phase-two respondents, we merged quantitized essay and interview data (qualitative methods strand) with survey questionnaire data (quantitative methods strand), performed mixed and non-mixed data analyses to statistically compare and enrich results from both methods strands. The aim of this article is to move beyond the mixing of methods and data and triangulate results. We statistically test, empirically analyse, and offer guidance on the practical dimensions to consider while mixing qualitative and quantitative methods.
The research subject is the analysis of international interaction between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China since the late 20th century to the present time within the upcoming new prospects of long-term cooperation. The author makes a brief review of the recent history of interrelations between the two counties and forecasts their development for the nearest future within the adopted joint program “One Belt and One Road”. This project is based on the “complementarity” principle, i.e. the unification of advantages of China and Russia thus forming modern largescale “development partnership”. This study is based on a set of scientific methods, including the historical, institutional, system and comparative methods of scientific analysis. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that the political science problem under consideration reveals the new understanding of the vectors of development of relations of the two largest world powers. Particularly, the author considers the role of China in realization of the largest projects of the Eurasian Economic Union in the context of economic decline in Russia and other countries, close to Russia, caused by the Western sanctions. In the context of the possible narrowing of the EAEU’s potential, China’s project of “One Belt – One Road” can naturally compensate Russia’s demand for effective partnership. A special author’s contribution to the study of the topic is the conclusion that in the contemporary world, the alliance of Russia and China can define many vectors of development of world politics for the nearest decades.