Tag Archives: Competencies

Investigating the link between Self-Concept and Job Performance of Agricultural Science Teachers in selected Secondary Schools in Namibia’s Zambezi Region (Published)

A teacher’s job performance is impacted by diverse components including, among others, the individual self-concept in teaching a particular school subject. The teacher’s self-concept is the perception or belief that he/she has about his/her psychological well-being and occupational satisfaction. The study investigated the job performance self-concept of Agricultural Science teachers in selected secondary schools in Zambezi Region of Namibia. A qualitative research design involving an individual face-to-face interview was used to collect data on teachers’ job performance self-concept from a sample of 12 participants. The study used purposive sampling to select the 12 participants made up of 6 male and 6 female Agricultural science teachers currently teaching in the study area. The results of the study revealed that the majority of the participants were proficient in both theory and practical skills, while a handful further indicated that they could identify the needs of the syllabus and that of the learners. These components were considered essential in nurturing learners’ achievement in Agricultural Science. The study further revealed that gender plays no significant role concerning teacher’s competencies in teaching Agricultural Science in the Zambezi region. However, it was found that the participants who had more years of Agricultural Science teaching experience were better equipped with subject content knowledge than their less experienced counterparts. 

Keywords: Agricultural Science, Competencies, Experience, Gender, Job Performance, Self-Concept

Empowering EFL Students with 21st-Century Skills at a Saudi University: Challenges and Opportunities (Published)

Citation: Ahmed Alghamdi (2022) Empowering EFL Students with 21st-Century Skills at a Saudi University: Challenges and Opportunities, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 10, No.3, pp.39-53

This study aims to examine students’ competencies of the 21st century 4Cs skills (Communication, Collaboration, Creativity, and Critical Thinking) among foundation-year students at a Saudi university. A twenty-one-item custom designed questionnaire was utilized to gather quantitative and qualitative data of 379 male and female students. This questionnaire includes two main constructs of self-report and close-ended as well as five open-ended questions. The close-ended questions were analysed through Man-Whitney U on-parametric statistical tests while the open-ended questions were textually analysed for particular themes or shared responses amongst the participants. The findings revealed no statistical significant difference between males and females competencies of the 4Cs skills. However, the frequency analysis of the responses revealed that the participants are still lacking the full potential of the 4Cs skills required to excel in their academic studies and the workplace after graduation. This study has practical implications for curriculum development reforms at higher educational institutions in different contexts to incorporate and integrate designated courses that promote the necessary skills students need to excel during their academic studies and after graduation to achieve current demands of and maintain sustainability in the workplace after graduation.

Keywords: 21st Century Skills, 4Cs Skills, Competencies, Foundation-Year Students, Saudi Context

Adverse Effects of the Current Instructional Practices for Macro and Micro Language Skills on Saudi EFL Learners’ Skills and Competencies (Published)

Instructional approaches to language teaching are cornerstones around which to build effective processes for learning English, or more precisely the most successful and effective ways to learn English. The aim of this article is to explore the adverse effects that current instructional practices, which favor using the four macro language skills along with other language-related skills, have on the development of Saudi EFL learners’ skills and competencies. In particular, we identify the extent to which teaching the four macro language skills and other language-related skills together in the Saudi EFL educational system negatively impacts the abilities of those who are learning English as a foreign language (EFL). We highlight the ineffective, indeed detrimental, effects of EFL teaching practices in the classroom, derived as a result of intensive research with data gathered from both digital and non-digital sources and studies and from our own thorough compilation, observations, mosaic of evidence, and in-depth analysis. We hope that this study will be useful for improving EFL teaching in Saudi English classrooms and will ultimately contribute to the attainment of higher English proficiency.


Keywords: Competencies, Skills, four macro language skills, instructional practices, language-related skills, pedagogic approaches. Saudi EFL learners

Perceptions of Tamale Technical University Hospitality and Tourism Lecturers on Graduates Employability (Published)

Hospitality and Tourism (HT) higher education is a recent occurrence in Ghana. Issues of disparity in instruction and curriculum contents create problems for graduate’s employability. The industry demands graduates with employable skills and competencies, which lacks hospitality and tourism management students of higher learning put continuous pressure on educators. And can be corrected through higher education curriculum design. The study examines lecturers’ insights regarding students’ potential employability in HT sectors concerning course content, structure, relevance, adequacy and quality of lectures delivered. The results revealed that lecturers’ perceptions of skills and competencies developed by the graduate programme in Hospitality and tourism management (HTM) is inadequate and lacks employable skills. Lack of knowledge and understanding amongst students and lecturers of the hospitality and Tourism industry required skills such as generic hospitality required skills (interpersonal skills, communication skills, work ethics, professionalism, and emotional intelligence). The study adopted a qualitative approach. An in-depth semi-structured interview involving all 40 lecturers of the Department of Hospitality and Tourism of Tamale Technical University The study recommends lecturers and students having industry experience to be abreast with the industry’s needs for graduate’s employability.

Keywords: Competencies, Employability, Skills, hospitality and tourism

Investigating the Qualities of EFL Teachers from the Perceptions of the Students (Published)

In teaching English as a foreign language, teachers play a key role to enhance students’ learning process. Even though the notion of “quality” cannot be defined simply, in education, the term of quality is essential to provide an effective teaching/learning process. What quality means for the language teachers is that they need to not only master the subject matter but also know how to deliver it effectively. Language teachers also need to understand what their students expect from them in order to develop teacher-student interaction in language classroom. This research focused on the students’ attitudes towards the qualities of a good language teacher in EFL classrooms. This study examines the qualities and competencies that make a good language teacher. The objectives are to identify students’ attitude on the qualities of language teachers and to find out the prominent features of a good language teacher. The data are collected from the Third Year English specialization students from Mandalay Universities of Foreign Languages by means of a set of questionnaire adapted from Murdoch (1997).

Keywords: Competencies, Qualities, Teacher-student interaction, a good language teacher

Mechanical Craft Practice Trade Facilities and Competencies Required for Soaring Sustainable National Productivity in Rivers State (Published)

The study investigated mechanical craft practice trade facilities and competencies required for soaring sustainable national productivity in Rivers State. Two research questions were posed and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the focus of the study. Population of the study consists of 33 respondents, comprising 18 teachers and 15 technical instructors from three government owned technical colleges and one Government Craft Development Centre in Rivers State. No sampling was taken considering the small size of the population. .Self-structured instrument titled “Mechanical Craft Practice Trade facilities for Sustainable National Productivity METFCSNP) was designed to elicit information from the respondents. Findings of the study include electronic parking brake, electronic sensors, modern actuators, electromechanical power steering system, oxygen sensor, oscilloscope multimeter among others are modern electronic gadgets expected in mechanical craft practice trade for soaring sustainable national productivity in Rivers State. Based on the findings, recommendations were made that; the government should provide modern electronic gadgets into mechanical craft practice section in technical college workshops for efficiency in practical training. That, the student of mechanical craft practice trade should be allowed to embark in industrial training in multinational oil industries to pave way for a universal learning in the institution and be familiar with modern electronic gadgets and tools in industry workshops.

Keywords: Competencies, mechanical craft practice, soaring, sustainable national productivity

Effectiveness of B.ED Teachers Preparation Program Offered by Bahrain Teachers College (Published)

The teacher training program must be of paramount importance in order to establish a strong educational system that serves the objectives of the country’s educational policy. Bachelor of Education program (B.ED) in Bahrain Teachers College (BTC) at Bahrain University is specially designed to prepare an efficient teacher capable of implementing and achieving the educational objectives prepared by the Ministry of Education. This research aims to investigate the BTC graduates, senior teachers and school principals’ views of the B.ED program of BTC, and to what extent it prepared and trained BTC students to put theories into practice. Data was collected through a questionnaire. 183 participants took part in the study. The findings revealed that the program was effective in helping candidate teachers to acquire the necessary skills of instructional strategies, use of technology and effective communication. On the other hand, some of the participants responses demonstrated that some graduates are weak in content knowledge. Therefore, they suggest more training in the content knowledge for the specialization they have to teach.

Keywords: Competencies, Curriculum, Teaching, graduates

Emotional Intelligence Competencies as Predictors of Academic Adjustment of First Year University Undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was designed to determine the extent to which emotional intelligence competencies predict academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates in Rivers State, Nigeria. Correlational design by multiple prediction was adopted for the study. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided the conduct of the study at 0.05 alpha levels. A sample of 382 first year university undergraduates of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, 2015/2016 academic session was drawn from the population through simple and proportional stratified random sampling techniques. Two instruments namely; Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory and Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire – Academic subscale were used for data collection. Simple and multiple regression analyses were used for data analysis. All data were subjected to analysis using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Results showed that; emotional intelligence competencies (self-awareness, relationship management, social-awareness and self-management) taken together statistically significantly predicted academic adjustment of first year university undergraduates; on the basis of individual contributions, self-management and self-awareness were significant contributors while social-awareness and relationship management were not. Based on the findings, conclusion and recommendations were made.

Keywords: Academic Adjustment, Competencies, Emotional, Intelligence, Prediction


The study inquired about the association between employee’s human capital on their performance in small scale businesses in the Sekondi-Takoradi metropolis. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the competencies of employees, examine the connection of these competencies on employees’ performance and to determine the problems associated with the development of employees’ competencies in small scale businesses in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis. The study used descriptive survey involving one hundred and fifty-three (153) employees. Interview schedule and interview guide were the main instruments used for data collection. Results were analysed using descriptive statistics. Chi-square test was used to find out the associations between variables. The findings revealed that education and training are significantly associated with increased productivity and enhanced the effectiveness and efficiencies of employees. In addition the study showed that employees’ knowledge and skills were significantly associated with all the performance dimensions (improved quality, increased productivity and enhanced efficiency and effectiveness). Finally, the study discovered that the key challenges inhibiting the development of employee competencies were inadequate funds for training programmes and lack of time for training activities. In view of the fact that employees face financial challenges in quest to have up-to-date training on their jobs, it is recommended that government through the Ministry of Trade and Industry, National Board for Small Scale Industries and Council for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (COTVET) should not relent their effort in supporting training programmes for the mechanics, hairdressers, bakers and dressmakers associations since their support would help lessen the financial burden incurred during training programmes.

Keywords: Competencies, Motivation, Performance, Productivity