Tag Archives: Competence

Competence and Performance of Agricultural Extension Agents in Increasing Pig Farmers’ Performance in Timor-Leste (Published)

This research aims to identify the competence and performance of agricultural extension workers to improve the performance of pig farmers and analyze the factors that affect the competence and performance of agricultural extension workers in Timor-Leste. The research started from January to October 2019 in seven districts in Timor-Leste. Total respondents in this research consisted of 135 agricultural extension workers using simple random sampling and 340 pig farmers determined by the purposive sampling method. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics to identify the characteristics of agricultural extensions and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis to determine the influence between variables and their supporting factors. The results showed that the characteristics of the extensions (t = 2.69; α = 0.05), competence (t = 3.11; α = 0.05), the motivation (t = 2.11; α = 0.05), and self-reliance, (t = 2.51; α = 0.05) had a significant effect on agricultural extensions’ performance. Characteristics of the extensions (t = 0.35, α = 0.05), competence (t = 0.35; α = 0.05), motivation (t = 0.35, α = 0.05), and self-reliance (t = 0.35, α = 0.05) has an indirect effect on pig farmers’ performance. Meanwhile, agricultural extension performance directly affects farmers’ performance (t=3.74, =0.05). This research concluded that the competence and performance of the agricultural extensions affected pig farmers’ performance in Timor-Leste.

Citation:Joao Americo, I Nyman Suparta, Ni Wayan Tatik Inggriati, Budi Rahayu Tanama Putri (2021) Competence and Performance of Agricultural Extension Agents in Increasing Pig Farmers’ Performance in Timor-Leste, International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, Vol.8, No.5, pp.17-28

Keywords: Competence, Performance, extension, pig farmers

Students’ Perception of Their Competence and Teachers’ Teaching Method of English Language in Some Selected States in Nigeria (Published)

Teaching and learning objectives are targeted at producing students who are proficient in the use of the four language skills in English. Students’ perception of their learning competence and their teachers’ teaching methods is necessary feedback for the efficiency of the teaching and learning process. However, some teachers prefer to hold on to their old methods of teaching, while some students display negative attitude towards learning which adversely affect academic achievement. This study therefore, set out to examine students’ perception of their competence and their teachers’ teaching methods. Three research questions and two hypotheses were used, some of which include: What are students’ perception as regards their competence in the four language skills? What are students’ perception as regards the teaching methods used by their English teachers? Using simple random sampling techniques, a sample of eighty (80) pupils and eighty (80) students from primary and secondary schools from six (6) public schools (one from each of the six (6) states in Niger-Delta region in Nigeria was used. A 48 – item questionnaire called Students’ Perception Instrument (SPI) was used to obtain data for the study. Factor analysis was used to determine the content and construct validity and reliability of the instrument. Data were analysed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 25. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis was used to answer the research questions. The result indicates that teachers make effort to represent the four language skills in teaching of English in class; Use of appropriate teaching methods aids students’ understanding. The study recommends that teachers should consider their class size, subject matter, students’ level and employ the appropriate method for the optimum benefits of their students.

Keywords: Competence, English Language, Students’ Perception, Teaching method

Senior High School Elective Mathematics Students’ Readiness to Pursue Advanced Mathematics at the University Level (Published)

This study primarily focused on senior high school students’ readiness to pursue advanced mathematics at the university level. Data for the study was obtained from 317 senior high school students from three public senior high schools in the Cape Coast Metropolis in the Central Region of Ghana. The 317 students were final year elective mathematics students made up of 196 females and 121 males. Data for the study was collected through the use of questionnaires. The study adopted the descriptive survey as the main design and data collected was analyzed using simple graphs, percentages, descriptive and inferential statistics. Analysis of data revealed that students were ready to pursue advanced mathematics at the university level. Findings also revealed that there was no statistically significant difference based on gender. Also, no statistically significant difference was observed between single-sex female school students and that of mixed school students as well as that of single-sex male school and co-educational school students. However, a statistically significant difference was realized between single-sex female and single-sex male school students. Findings indicated that majority of the students reported to have come from a very good socio-economic backgrounds, which seems to have influenced their readiness to pursue advanced mathematics. The findings affirmed students’ perceived positive readiness towards their interest in doing mathematics, competence in doing mathematics, school environment/culture, relevance of mathematics, and nature of mathematics. The implication of these findings is that senior high school students are well prepared and ever ready to pursue advanced mathematics. It also presupposes that much more students are willing to go into the sciences which would end up raising the productivity of the country.

Keywords: Competence, Female, advanced mathematics, co-educational, readiness, single-sex, single-sex male, socio-economic background

Performance-Based Education (PBE) Predicated on Outcomes, Skills and Competence against Current Certificate Based Qualification (Published)

The traditional methods of teaching have become obsolete and ineffective in preparing students for the 21st century industrialized and technologically-based job market. The stand and deliver lecture methods of more than two decades ago do not provide students with the learning opportunities to acquire critical competences and skills to develop their own knowledge and problem-solve in real life situations (Allais, 2007; Donnelly,(2007). In addition to being spoon-fed facts out of texts, students are not given opportunities to develop appropriate independent learning as well as social skills such as cooperative and collaborative learning, negotiating skills, speaking and listening skills and being open to divergent perspectives on issues.  This paper uses qualitative research method, a social justice inquiry approach from the critical social science tradition (Denzin & Lincoln; 2011) to analyse existing literature in areas of performance-based education to compare learning outcomes and competencies against current traditional passive certificate-based qualification. It is hoped that the outcome of this effort will help students develop skills that would assist them to think independently, work cooperatively with their peers while deepening their knowledge base.

Keywords: Competence, Outcome-Based Learning (OBL), Performance-Based Education (PBE), Skills, certificate-based qualifications, educational outcomes

Conformity of Agriculture Vocational School Curriculum: Skill Competency of Agricultural Product Processing Agribusiness with the Needs of the World of Work (Published)

Vocational school (VS) aims to prepare students to work in industries or to create their own jobs. Therefore, it is important for VS to prepare students to have better competencies needed by industries. The study aims to 1) review the suitability of the competencies of agriculture vocational school graduates, skill competency of agricultural product processing agribusiness with the competencies needed by the world of work; and 2) review the pattern of synchronization mechanism of agriculture vocational school’s curriculum in the intended competencies. Secondary data ws analyzed combined with the result of Focus Group Discussion in sample areas of study. The research results showed that 1) curriculum of agriculture vocational schools in the skill competency of agricultural product processing agribusiness is in accordance with the competencies needed by the world of work based on Level II Indonesian National Work Qualification Certification Scheme. However, there are (a) “inapplicable” core competencies (CC -3 and CC -4) in the subjects of production and processing of plantation and herbal commodities, production and processing of hardwood commodities/products (coconut, palm oil and rubber). This is due to no plantations and/or industries for processing these commodities around the locations of the sample schools, (b) core competencies and basic competencies are lack depth in the competencies needed by the industry, namely identification of tubers, fresh fruits, and vegetables for the production unit on the subject of production of processing vegetable products, and 2) legally and formally, there is no pattern of synchronization mechanism of these competencies, the existing synchronization pattern is incidental based on input from the alumni of the sample schools and/or through consultations of schools with industry as partners. this study concluded that the skill competency of agricultural product processing agribusiness refers to level II Indonesian National Work Qualification Certification Scheme, but the implementation varies depends on schools’ facilities, quality of particularly  teachers of productive subjects, and the collaboration with industrial partner.

Keywords: Agriculture, Competence, Curriculum, Skill, agribusiness, the world of work, vocational school

The Implementation of Educators’ Standards On Organizing Early Childhood Education in Kindergartens of Medan City (The Case Studies In Tk Hikmatul Fadillah, Tk Al-Warif, Tk Al-Ikhlas) (Published)

This research starts from the implementation of early childhood education implementation standards, there are still many who have not implemented it according to the standards imposed by the government. This study aims to find out: Educational qualifications for early childhood education Teachers in Medan city; and Competencies possessed by early childhood education teachers in the city of Medan. This type of research used a qualitative approach, qualitative research is an approach in conducting research oriented to natural phenomena or symptoms. The subject of this study was directed at finding data from principals, teachers, and other parties who were considered able to provide answers to research problems. Data search began with the principal in this case the principal acted as the key informant. The instrument for collecting data used consisted of: Observation; Interview; and documentation. The results showed that: Pedagogic competencies in early childhood education teachers are very important in learning activities both from formal education and non-formal education, but in reality there are still many early childhood education teachers who have pedagogical competence that is not good in students’ understanding, this can be seen as a bad category because the teacher does not understand students; planning and implementation of learning, this can be seen from the teacher does not always make the design of learning before the implementation of learning; in evaluating learning outcomes, this can be seen from teachers who are not discipline in evaluating learning outcomes; in the utilization of learning outcomes, this can be seen from the lack of students in skills because teachers who are less able to utilize the results of learning are not good (less use) because the teacher does not take advantage of learning outcomes by looking at the achievements of students. Teacher professional competency is relatively poor, where all teachers are undergraduate degrees but less relevant to their fields, have learning devices but only copy paste, apply learning with a fun learning model. Good teacher competency greatly influences the quality of learning and the quality of education.

Keywords: Competence, Early Childhood Education, standards for educators

Investigating Translation Competence of Iraqi EFL Students in Conveying Cultural Expressions into Arabic (Published)

Translation studies has given more attention to translation competence in recent time to figure out what a translator needs to possess in order to come up with a professional and accurate translation. The present study aims at investigating translation competence with a view to measure Iraqi EFL Learners’ translation competence. A test has been administered to the Iraqi EFL learners to translate a text, which is full with cultural expressions, from English into Arabic. Five translations have been selected and analysed. Finally, some of the findings have been reached among these is that EFL learners possess an appropriate linguistic competence, but they lack a key component, namely the cultural competence component.

Keywords: Competence, Culture-Bound Expressions, translation

Competitiveness Improvement Strategy Formulation on Individual Hotel: Case of XYZ Hotel at City Of Bogor (Published)

Proportional to the growth of tourism industry in Indonesia, the city of Bogor has experienced an increase in the number of tourists, where it is followed by the growing number of hotels, including the brand-affiliated hotels. As a result, the independent hotels are at risk to experience a decrease in occupancy rate, including Hotel XYZ. Therefore, it is important for independent hotels to increase their performance thus their priceremains competitive in the market. This study aims to identify the internal and external factors of Hotel XYZ, and to formulate the strategy to increase Hotel XYZ’s competitiveness. The methods employed in this study are as follows: VRIO, PESTLE, Five Forces Porter, IFE, EFE, TOWS, and Strategic Architecture. IFE analysis shows that the employees’ loyalty and the wide area (land) have the same weighted value of 0.451. The main weakness of Hotel XYZ is the low level of education of the employees, with the weighted value of 0.223. EFE demonstrated that the main opportunity of Hotel XYZ is the technology advancement that has improved the business process to be easier, with the weighted value of 0.465. In the other hand, the main threat of Hotel XYZ is the growth of similar business thus leaving consumer with many options, with weighted value of 0.223. TOWS Matrix produced 10 alternative strategies, which then developed to the Strategic Architecture. The strategic architecture isdivided into four periods with each duration of one and a half year.

Keywords: Brand-Affiliated, Competence, Five Forces Porter, Hotel, Individu, Pestle, Strategy

The Role of the Family in English Language Learning (Published)

This study investigates the role of family in English language learning particularly in Bangladesh. Family role is very important to grow the sense of learning in learners as they are greatly influenced by it. Parents’ positive attitude, education and awareness according to individual requirements and needs provide constant encouragement and support for the learners. Parents make the greatest difference to achievement through supporting their learning at home rather than supporting activities in school. A learner, whose family members are habituated to use English at home, feels encouraged to learn English which facilitates learning process. My findings, on the other hand, show that children of those parents who are unaware of providing sound family atmosphere lack confidence as well as self-esteem. This study also examines the impact of home environment on children’s achievement in English language. My findings reveal that there is consistent relationship between the role of family and students’ academic achievement.  

Keywords: Competence, Cultural Capital, Family Role, Language Learning, Performance, Socio-Economic Status, cognitive development

Task Based Grammar Instruction for Social and Academic Interaction (Published)

Learning English for Academic and Specific Purposes helps the English as Second Language learners to be communicative in academic social contexts. Focus on form is an important part of learning English for academic purposes. The ability to use appropriate vocabulary and structure in a meaningful context is what an English for Specific Purpose learner dreams about for academic excellence. Such an ability would undoubtedly motivate learners to learn and produce English for social and academic purposes. This could happen only when the learner develops his repertoire of grammar which is no less an outcome of the teaching and learning process. The present paper deliberates on how a language class focused on form could unassumingly involve the ESP learners think creatively in a task based role play activity as a main activity to negotiate meaning with their peers using the language syntaxes and lexis appropriate to the context.

Keywords: Academic Excellence, Competence, English for Specific Purpose learner., Fluency, Proficiency

Identifying the Prerequisites That Must Be Possessed By the Translator (Published)

This study aims at investigating the different perquisites of translator that should be used by Sudanese university students College of Translation, Khartoum University in academic year 2014-2015 during the first semester. The study also aims at identifying these prerequisites, showing the kind of skills that must mastered by translator, introducing prerequisites in details and suggest suitable prerequisites for translation. For these purpose, research questions are posed. The sample of these study consists of 20 students who are chosen from the students of translation. The analytical descriptive approach is adopted to handle this study.  The method of this study is descriptive and analytical method. Also, deals with the analysis of the data and to test the hypotheses. It includes the procedures followed in achieving the objectives of this study and strategies chosen in analyzing data. This data was analyzed in order to reveals the best. The study prerequisites focus on basic that used by s prerequisites students when they translate. The study used questionnaire as a tool for collecting data. The findings of the study

Keywords: Competence, Competent, Prerequisites, Skill, Translator, translation

Effect of Competence, On Internal Audit Professionals Skepticism, Implications on Regional Head of Corruption Practices (Case Study District / City in West Java Province) (Published)

This study aims to determine the professional competence of the Internal Audit, Corruption. The purpose of audit professionals is basically one of the spearheads in the fight against corruption. Because was never brought positive result but the consequences of Evil is constantly generated. Harmful consequences , among others, Decreased Quality of Public Services, Damaged Joints-Joints Principles of Financial Management System of State, Government occurrence Puppet, Rising Social Inequality, loss of investor confidence. Occurrence of Moral Degradation and Work Ethics. Internal auditors assist management in designing and maintaining the adequacy and effectiveness of the internal control structure. The internal auditor is also responsible for assessing the adequacy and effectiveness of each control system which guarantees the quality and integrity of the financial reporting process.

Keywords: Competence, Corruption, Professional Internal Audit

Tense And Aspect In The Era Of Competence-Based English Language Teaching in Cameroon’s Secondary Schools (Published)

This paper seeks to show the significance that should be given to tense and aspect as central grammatical features attached to the verb phrase, on the postulate that if tense and aspect are not mastered by the learners of English, in particular and the languages in general, they never build an acceptable sentence in the target language. Analysing the challenges that a French-speaking learner of English in particular can face with tense and aspect, the hypotheses were verified through two tests for 180 students in four secondary schools in Dschang. It became obvious that the target population had a serious problem with tense and aspect. Now what place should be given to tense and aspect in a new era where knowing the language is pushed to the background but not suppressed, and acting effectively with the language is the new order of the day?

Keywords: Aspect, Competence, Errors, Language Teaching, Secondary School, Tense

Evaluation of Team Composition Activities amongst Health Workers in Nigeria Using Logistic Regression Analysis (Published)

This study evaluated team composition activities amongst health workers in Nigeria using Delta State University Teaching Hospital as a case. The objectives of this study were to determine the contribution of demographic variables on the likelihood of knowledge of team in health care, to ascertain the impact of demographic variables on the likelihood of knowledge of inter-professional team composition activities and to determine the attitude competence that contributes significantly to the likelihood of knowledge of team amongst health workers in Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara. The source of data used was primary source of data collection with the aid of questionnaire administered to 204 health workers at Delta State University Teaching Hospital Oghara. The statistical tools employed in this study include; the logistic regression analysis, percentage distribution, bar chart and pie chart analysis.  The findings of this study revealed that 57.8% of the respondents have knowledge of team for health care, while 44.1% of the respondents have knowledge of Inter-professional team composition for healthcare. The result of the Nagelkerke R Square showed that the logistic model explained the likelihood of knowledge of team for healthcare strongly than the likelihood of knowledge of inter-professional team composition for healthcare. This result implies that majority of the workers have knowledge of team than knowledge of inter-professional team composition.  Also, it was found that the attitude competencies that contributed significantly to the logistic model for likelihood of knowledge of team for health care were facilitation of participation and judgement attitude. The result further revealed that the attitude competencies identified to enhance effective healthcare were cooperative attitude, encouraging others and positive attitude.

Keywords: Competence, Healthcare, Likelihood, attitude

Technicality of Translation Appears In the Competence of the Translator (Published)

This paper investigates the Technicality of Translation Appears in the Competence of the Translator. Technicality of Translation Appears in the Competence of the Translator. A competency is a set of defined behaviors that provide a structured guide enabling the identification, evaluation and development of the behaviors in individual employees. Translators always risk inappropriate spill-over of source-language idiom and usage into the target-language translation. Terminology can be considered the surface appearance of relevant domain concepts. Candidate terminological expressions are usually captured with shallow techniques that range from stochastic methods to more sophisticated syntactic approaches.

Keywords: Competence, Language, communication, translation

Examining And Justifying the IS/IT Skills That May Be Designed into the Accountancy Education Curricula for Tomorrow’s Professionals (Published)

There is an increasing shift in demand towards professionals with a combination of business and Information Technology (IT) and Information Systems (IS) skills to help organisations structure their systems to provide effective and efficient support for their primary objectives and activities. Around the world professional training Associations and academic Institutions offering programmes in Accountancy are realising the inevitable revolutionary trends in the world of work and are redesigning their curricula to meet it. The implication of the above shifts is also the shift of the skills required to achieve their organisational objectives and goals the paradigms of people requirements. As a result, academic institutions and accountancy training bodies must understand the consequential shifts in the roles, skills, knowledge and experience accountants and finance professionals need to demonstrate, both now and in the future to keep their heads above the waters. This article analyses the key IT/IS skills that could be preferred for undergraduate accounting majors and professional accounting trainees and proposes a pedagogic structure of IS/IT in the accountancy curricula.

Keywords: Accountancy, Accreditation Boards, Competence, Curriculum, E-Commerce, Education, Information Systems/Technology, Pedagogy