Comparative Study of the Administrative Process of Public and Private Senior Secondary Schools in Bauchi State (Published)
The study is investigating “Comparative Study of the Administrative Process of Public and Private Senior Secondary Schools in Bauchi State’’. The aim of the study was to compare the extent of coverage of the administrative process in senior secondary school between privately owned schools (private schools) and Government owned schools (public schools) in Bauchi State. It was designed to survey the administrative process in line with UNESCO (1985) six administrative processes propounded by Henri Fayol called Fayolism or theory of administration, for the school administrators. Six research questions guided the study; while six hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. This study adopted the Descriptive Survey Design, Cronbach Alpha coefficient reliability of 0.80 estimated as the consistency reliability of the questionnaire. A 36 item questionnaire was used to extract information from 171 respondents, made up of 105 principals, 31 administrative officer and 35 senior teachers, which constituted the sample. Data was analysed using Mean and T-test as statistical tools. Result of the study revealed that (i) the grand mean LE=4.045 of the planning process of public and private schools has no significant difference (ii) the organizing process of public and private schools with a grand mean of LE=3.605, (iii) there is no significant difference in the staffing process of public and private senior secondary schools, though the administrative process of staffing receives the least attention in the administrative processes with a grand mean of a ME=3.375;(iv) the directing process has a grand mean LE=3.5;(v) the coordinating process LE=3.61;(vi) while the evaluating process was at a grand mean of LE=3.84. contrary to previous assumption, the null hypothesis which was accepted and alternative was rejected showing to a large extent, secondary school administrators in Bauchi carry out administrative processes in line with known practices and are similar to both public and private schools; It was recommended among others that: school administrators should seek to improve on their administrative processes; and administrators of public schools and private schools should accept one another, there should be more emphasis on the staffing in schools.
Discovering ‘Nora’ and ‘Romita’s Entity and Identity in Their Contemporary Societies in the Light of Feminism: A Comparative Study between Ibsen’s a Doll’s House and Suchitra’s Dahan (Published)
This article investigates both the texts in the eyes of feminism, here, one is a Norwegian play “A Doll’s House” by Henrik Ibsen and the other one is an Indian novel “Dahan” by Suchitra Bhattacharya. It aims to explore the deteriorating social and economic conditions of women and lastly their search for individual entity and identity. Ibsen wrote “A Doll’s House” (1879) whereas after more than 100 years later Suchitra wrote “Dahan” (1996) but the depiction of women in our society remains standstill. They are still undergoing exploitation, negligence, injustice, disrespect, patriarchal domination etc. These two literary pieces focus on these issues against women and make a comparative study between them. Both the women are delineated as a stereotypical one with the beginning of the texts. But as the story moves forward, they break the conventional norms and strictures of their society. They start to discover and reshape themselves after realizing the facts they are facing long time. The study compares the feministic views of two prominent writers. Both the authors are conscious of the condition of women in their own times and try to break the prevailing progressive thoughts into their writings. This paper also persuades the readers to understand the concept of feminism in terms of literature.
Seclusion as a Means of Education: A Comparative Study between Muslim Scholars and Orientalists (Published)
This study sheds light on the issue of seclusion as a means of education for Sufis and others. It presents the scholars’ concept of seclusion in language and convention. The study investigates some issues related to religious seclusions, demonstrates their conditions and how to perform them, identifies their types and their positive and negative effects, and presents the opinions of Muslim scholars and orientalists on the issue of seclusion. The study found that there are several types of seclusions, some of them can be used for religious purposes, such as Sufi seclusion, others for curative purposes, such as self-control and emotional stability. Sufi seclusions are similar – regarding their conditions and rituals – to some other ritual acts of other religions, particularly Christianity. Sufi Sheikhs established several conditions for seclusion, some of them are of a religious nature and consistent to the approach of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him), and others are exaggerated and intense. In addition to the different types of seclusions, the Sufi approaches also vary according to the duration of the seclusion and the type and number of dhikr.
Partially Flipped English Classroom in a School Set-Up: A Comparative Study of Pedagogical Practices (Published)
With the advent of digital technology and the realization of its usefulness in classroom, pedagogical practices are changing in a major way. Flipped Classroom Model (FCM) is touted as the future pedagogical practice. Technology cannot replace the teacher, but better teaching /learning can take place if technology is used to aid the teacher in the classroom. A partially flipped classroom involves flipping some of the classroom / home activities. An experiment was conducted at a selected school in the Kashmir Valley in India by partially flipping the English classroom. The purpose of the study was to test whether the proposed model works as a better pedagogical model compared to the conventional teaching-oriented classroom setting. The results obtained from the study show students favour the partial flipping and the model is successful in generating stronger student motivation and better performance compared to conventional pedagogical models of teaching English.