Niger Delta Indigenes’ Perception of Community Participation in The Development Communication Strategies and Practices of Oil Companies in Nigeria (Published)
This study adopts the principles that underpin participatory development communication in order to highlight the ideology that guides oil corporations’ development communication practices and strategies in Nigeria. The study specifically examines the usage of Global Memorandums of Understanding (GMoUs) by oil firms to engage people in community-based development initiatives. Given Shell and Chevron’s stranglehold in onshore, shallow, and deep-water exploration and development in Nigeria, 16 oil-producing localities in their operational zones were chosen at random for the study. The study’s design was cross-sectional and drew from survey procedures. 400 respondents were selected through a multistage selection approach from the study’s population for the purposes of data collection and analysis. The study found that although indigenes of the Niger Delta are aware of the GMoUs programmes, they lack the knowledge to take part in them. Thus, the Niger Delta indigenous people claim that the GMoUs programmes are self-serving and need to be carefully adapted to satisfy the desire of the people for bottom-up induced development. The study suggests that development communication experts be involved in the conception and implementation of the ideas because the GMoU model, which oil companies adopted, was flawed in its conception due to a potential lack of sufficient literature review for development agents to gain the understanding needed to guide implementation.
Efforts to develop our local communities in Nigeria through government-sponsored top-down approach have always floundered due to absence or restrictive participation of the large segments of the rural communities especially women. The study investigated the role of community participation in enthroning sustainable rural development in Nigeria. Using the analytical approach imbued with historical narratives, the study sought to ascertain whether community driven development (CDD) is better than the top-down approach in sustainable rural development in Nigeria. Amongst others, the study found that CDD is a preferred approach to rural development as it gives control over decision and resources to the time agents of change in rural communities. This approach allows stakeholders to freely decide what action to take and take responsibility for initiatives that affect their lives. Based on this, the study strongly argued that effective involvement of the local people in rural development will lead to the sustainable rural development in Nigeria. To achieve this, the local populace should be mobilized and in particular, women should be included in decision making processes, given inheritance rights and generally allowed to contribute to development initiatives in the rural areas in Nigeria.
Residents’ Perception on Community Participation in Infrastructure Development in Ido Local Government Area, Oyo state, Nigeria (Published)
Community participation is a key factor in infrastructure development; it allows people to be part of developmental processes. This research assesses the perception of the residents’ on community participation in infrastructure development in Ido Local Government, Oyo state, Nigeria.The study area was first clustered by using the ten (10) recognized political wards in the local government for delineation; a purposive sampling method was used to select two-fifth of the political wards, which amounted to four (4) wards that are more rural, using factors like proximity to the city center. A random sampling technique was used for the administration. A sample size of 0.132% of the 2020 projected population of the study area was used, which amounts to 196 respondents. The Likert Scale was used to analyse the perception of the residents using indices like the Participation Stage Index (PSI), Role Performance Index (RPI), Participation Impediment Index (PII), and Strategic Approach Index (SAI). Most of the respondents are aware of different forms of community participation. ‘Informing’ has the highest PSI of 4.05. The major role performed by community-based organizations is’ ‘serving as the public voice’ with the highest RPI of 4.08. ‘Lack of social responsibility” has the highest PII of 4.08. ‘Process-based decentralisation strategies’ have the highest SAI of 3.96. This research posits that citizens should be more civic by improving their social responsibility and that gender equality should be encouraged. The government, for its part, should establish a modern feedback platform and address the factor that is impeding people from participating in the development process through a suitable approach that promotes fairness.
Citation: Odunola, O.O., Morenikeji, T.O., Salawu, I.O., Ayankanmi, J.A., Oloruntola, V. A. (2022) Residents’ Perception on Community Participation in Infrastructure Development in Ido Local Government Area, Oyo state, Nigeria, International Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Research, Vol.7, No.2, pp.34-45
Resilient Housing Provision for Coastal Settlements in Ondo State, Nigeria (Published)
The advent of sustainability in housing and shelter is being identified as an important discuss for the coastal settlement. This is no further from the fact that this region is being confronted with series of issues bordering around flooding, prevailing wind action, loss of homes, properties and in extreme cases, ‘life(s)’. Moreover, this area has to deal with difficulty in proper disposal of waste among many other problems. The Ilaje community, standing as a perfect study area for this research, evidently reveals the importance of a sustainable, ecofriendly and resilient shelter as a necessity for coastline settlements. The outcome of this study proffers applicable solutions to tackling coastal settlement issues including flooding, loss of life and properties, proper faecal waste management while ensuring that uninterrupted electrical power supply is available for household electronic gadgets like radios, televisions, charging of phones and torchlights. Achieving these solutions and ensuring the longevity of the approach will necessitate the training of residents within the coastal settlement, skilled in technical works within the building industry on the construction method for future maintenance and if need be, in erecting newer shelters. Furthermore, there is need for collaboration between the private and public sector in providing the financial assistance needed to foster the acceptance and implementation of the solutions propounded in this research.
Citation: Oluwaseun Samuel Apenuwa, Eseroghene Onaopemipo Dafiewhare, Opeyemi Owosho, Oluwadunsin Temidayo Adeyemo, Abisoye Oluwatobiloba Ayeni, Caleb Agoni (2022) Resilient Housing Provision for Coastal Settlements in Ondo State, Nigeria, British Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol.10, No.4, pp.,28-46
The study is institutional, focusing on an appraisal of the participation of Community Development Association (CDA) in the management of community banks in Nigeria. Thirty nine (39) regulators of the programme, drawn from the National Board for Community Banks; the then supervising agency, were the respondents. Structured questionnaire was used to obtain data on the roles and depth of involvement of the CDA in the bank’s management. Also the success of such roles and the challenges faced were examined. Simple and multiple percentages as well as chi-square (X2) were the statistical tools used in data analysis. The study found that even though the acquisition of the controlling equity by the CDA, as statutorily provided, was not fully successful, they were however involved in the bank’s management. Notable challenges such as the difficulty of using CDA when conflict exits in the host community, the presence of unfit CDA representatives in the bank’s board and tussles for board membership among the villages or communities owning the banks were evident.
HOUSING THE URBAN POOR IN NIGERIA THROUGH COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION USING LESSONS FROM NAIROBI KENYA (Published)
Migration of people to urban areas from the rural areas usually comes with its challenges in terms of infrastructural requirement and housing to cater for growing population. One of the challenges for the urban dwellers in Nigeria is that of adequate housing. The inability of the government to meet this demand has seen the people concerned seeking alternative solutions to housing need. The resulting settlements are usually unplanned hence becoming a challenge for government to manage in terms of providing infrastructure facilities. With the growing incidence of global warming and the attendant increase in flooding in most urban areas of Nigeria, especially between year 2000 and 2013, the safety of the people who live in slums have become a concern to the state governments due to issues of flooding and collapsed buildings. Government usually evicts such people and clear the settlement; however the people simply relocate to another area. The aim of this paper is to examine how community participation can be used to provide housing for the urban poor based on their living requirement, drawing from the experience of selected case studies from Kenya. The research method adopted for the study is a qualitative research method using case studies of selected communities in Kenya and selected communities in Nigeria. A comparative analysis is drawn with these communities. The research concludes by proposing how community participation process should be incorporated into provision of housing for the urban poor
Women in Nigeria face significant socio-cultural inequities resulting in poor health indices especially during pregnancy and after child birth because of society’s defined gender roles that may not consider the changed status of a pregnant woman. Current research is focused on clinical, institutional/policy level deficiencies with little community involvement and not much is said about culture, beliefs and practices that may negatively impact on maternal health. Under the current Primary Health Care model, community involvement is represented by a Community Health Committee (CHC) made of a chief, police officer, health professional and a school principal. This committee composition is supposed to aid access to community level data on issues related to maternal health such as; intimate partner violence including rape, girl child education/ educational resources for women and community level resources for female wellbeing, socio-political participation and entrepreneurship. In reality though, community-level data is collected by health workers who may not be part of the CHC and may not be properly trained in community participatory needs/assets assessments. The CHC has become a symbol of token community involvement and data collection is often done to meet funders’ needs, which often may not capture the intricacies involved in the daily lives of women that negatively affect their health before, during and after childbirth. Recommendations include developing a community participatory, women-centered data collection model aimed to inform, educate and promote a better understanding of sociocultural factors that influence maternal morbidity and mortality with the aim of developing culturally appropriate interventions and policies.