This study focused on the contribution of ecotourism to the conservation of Nyungwe National Park in Rwanda (NNP). It critically examines the integration of local communities in conservation of Nyungwe National Park and the contribution of the ecotourism’s revenue sharing to community development. We present empirical data from interviews, a predesigned questionnaire, Range Based Monitoring (RBM) data and data from tourism unit in Nyungwe National Park. Results showed that community conservation efforts have been put in place to reduce threats in the park, but still, there are cases of poaching, tree cutting and mining, cited among many other illegal activities. The number of tourists increased considerably in recent years, suggesting in revenue sharing. However, community based initiatives are still at low levels and the expected objective to alleviate poverty is not yet fully achieved. Research concluded that there is a need to improve the revenue sharing program so that it will contribute to the community development and motivate people to effectively participate in the conservation of Nyungwe National Park.
Rural Community Tourism as a Catalyst for Rural Entrepreneurship Development: Case of Miso Walai Homestay Program in Malaysia (Review Completed - Accepted)
The role of Community Based Ecotourism (CBET) towards rural community development has been realized particularly in the developing countries. Some of the CBT sites have become an incubator for rural entrepreneurial activities, which gradually developed into a hub for small scale enterprises (SME). This paper shares the experience of Miso Walai Homestay, a model CBT located in Batu Puteh, Kinabatangan in the state of Sabah, Malaysia that has directly and directly changed the mindset of the local community towards entrepreneurism and business environment. The researchers used the qualitative approach through combining semi-structured interviews and participant observation to understand how CBT triggered the development and growth of local small scale businesses and prepares the local community to embark on new business ventures.The CBT in Batu Puteh acts as an incubator to prepare the local community towards being entrepreneurs by solidifying the local community’s confidence in their ability to create business opportunities as well as their skills in running a business. CBT also creates an enabling environment for the growth of local small-scale businesses as evidenced by the establishment of new cooperatives and new businesses. The intervention of these businesses along the CBT value chain has created and will create significant economic return on investments for the local people; and minimize economic leakages through their local linkages