Boundary Disputes and Its Socioeconomic Effects on Some Selected Communities of Delta State, Nigeria, (Published)
Boundary conflicts have been one of the major problems affecting the socio-economic activities of most settlements over time. The study is aimed at the socio-economic effects of boundary and land disputes in some selected communities of Delta State, Nigeria. Data for the study was generated through the distribution questionnaires, which was administered to 400 respondents divided into eighty (80) each in the five areas of administration. In order to elicit more information, questionnaires were administered to both internally displaced persons and those living near the boundaries of the communities and a systematic sampling technique was used in achieving this. The finding of the study shows that boundary and land disputes have an enormous effect on the socio-economic activities of the inhabitant of the identified communities, such as loss of lives and properties, government spending huge amounts to cater for internally displaced persons, loss of income and farmland, and reduction of food production. It was therefore recommended that both the government and individuals in such communities should be proactive in handling issues related to such conflict resulting from boundary and land disputes.
One of the notable modern languages today is the gay lingo, a language established by the gay community. Gay people came to create their own words or neologisms to shield themselves from the harm of social stigma. This research provides a view of gay words formed through morphological processes and how they function in a sentence. This study specifically explored on neologisms in gay language through a qualitative approach – this was done by collecting new words from the gay community. The findings indicate that gay neologisms were mostly created through affixation and clipping wherein an original word is clipped and have a new component and meaning. It is also found out that there are existing words used in gay lingo that have different meanings. It is highly recommended to further analyze other morphological functions in the gay lingo.
A Probit Analysis of Brideprice Inflation in the Abuakwa-Tanoso Communities Marriage Market in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana (Published)
The paper used the probit model to explore the determinants of brideprice inflation in the Abuakwa-Tanoso communities’ marriage market in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. The results indicate that Christianity, modernity, educational status of the bride and no regulation governing the operations of the marriage market have greatly contributed to the rising brideprice inflation in these communities. Inflated brideprice payment as currently being practiced in the Abuakwa-Tanoso communities’ marriage market can curtail the liberties of the bride to a large extent. Although high brideprice payment could be interpreted as an explicit recognition and valuing of women’s productivity and contribution to marriage, the paper asserts that this serves to limit women’s control over their bodies and could be link to the issue of increasing domestic violence abuse against female spouse because the women fear to return to their natal home because of their inability to repay the brideprice. The paper recommends that an appropriate authority be established to regulate the marriage market in the Abuakwa-Tanoso communities.
Comparative Analysis of Differences in Women Entrepreneurship in Rural and Urban Communities in Cross River State (Published)
This study was conducted to assess disparities in women entrepreneurship in urban and rural communities in Cross River state. Specifically the study was aimed at identifying motivation for entrepreneurship by urban and rural women, identifying entrepreneurship activities engaged by urban and rural women entrepreneurs and challenges faced by urban and women entrepreneurs in the state. The study adopted survey design while cluster sampling technique was used to select samples. Questionnaires were used for data collection while percentages were used for data analysis. The study reveals that most women entrepreneurs from age category 41-45 while in rural areas, most of them were from ages of 36-40. In both areas, majority of the women were married. Majority of urban women entrepreneurs had tertiary education while in rural communities; most of the women had secondary education. Further, most of the women in urban areas were from monogamous relationships while relationships of most of rural women entrepreneurs were from polygamous. The study also found that entrepreneurship activities engaged by urban women entrepreneurs included mostly retail stores, followed by jewelry or boutiques, event management outfits, beautician shops and tailoring shops and small eateries. For the rural women, the most common business activities were agricultural business, followed by food restaurants, palm wine/beer joints and retail shops. Urban women entrepreneurs sourced their capital from mostly family, followed by personal savings, financial institutions and friends. Rural counterparts sourced capital mainly from informal financial institutions, followed by sale of crops and friends. The most common motivations for entrepreneurship for urban women entrepreneurship included the need to generate extra income while social status was the least motivation. For rural women, support their family members was the most common reason. Challenges faced by urban women entrepreneurs mostly included conflicts between business and family functions and lack of access to credit, inexperience and gender discrimination. For rural women, lack of funds, gender discrimination, government neglect in entrepreneurship programmes, low education and lack of business skills were the challenges. The study therefore recommended for opportunities for access to capital urban and rural women, involvement of rural women in entrepreneurship programmes and gender equality.
The Emerging Oil Industry in Ghana: Socioeconomic Impact on the People of the Fishing Communities in Western Region (Published)
The oil find is believed to help Ghana with its institutional help on the life of its citizenry. It is in this view, that the study focused on the impact of the oil extraction and production on the livelihood of the people within the fishing communities of Western Region since there is a ban on fishing in the catchment area of the oil production. The study was therefore to identify the socioeconomic impact of the oil production on the livelihood of the people of the oil communities and how those effects could be minimized, to help improve the standard of living of these people in the oil communities. The results are the indications that the government through the districts assemblies and the oil companies are committed to better the lives of the people in the oil communities. The results also showed that the people had to sell their livelihood assets in order to make a living. It also revealed that most of the fishermen were in the age bracket between 18 to 40 years. It was again found that the income level of the fishermen fell as a result of the introduction of the ban. As a promise not to worse-off the life of the people the needed attention should be paid to them. The study recommended that education should be made accessible and affordable for the children in the oil communities in order not to follow the steps of the preceding generation. The fishing assets should be made more accessible and cheaper to fishermen. In a nut shell the oil companies together with the government are to ensure that the promises made to these oil communities are fulfilled for the country to continue enjoying her peace.
UNDERSTANDING THE SPIRITUAL ENVIRONMENT AND ACCESSING IT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN LIFE (Published)
The spiritual environment is presented as a factor that must be taken into reckoning, in attaining outstanding success in life. This is so not only for individual humankind, but also for communities and nations. It is the environment through which the spiritual being of humankind, interacts with other spiritual beings, such as the Supreme Being, His angels and satan and his cohorts. It is the environment in which the wicked among humankind, lay ambush for their victims, to carry out their evil deeds, which may adversely affect the destiny of such individuals, that of communities and nations. Accessing the spiritual environment properly, involves deployment of appropriate values and activities which are described as religious activities. It is through these humankind can also interact positively with the Supreme Being, who can frustrate the powers of the evil spirits operating in the spiritual environment