Collaboration and the Provision of Child Health Care Service in Internally Displaced Persons Camps in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (Published)
The Boko Haram Terrorism has led to the displacement of a lot of people in Borno State. Majority of those displaced are children and are leaving in Maiduguri, the Borno State Capital. These children are mostly affected especially their health status. The need for the provision of effective health services for them cannot be over emphasized and this can be facilitated through collaboration among agencies. This study therefore, guided by the obligatory humanistic theory, assesses the impact of collaboration among agencies on the provision of healthcare for Children in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Borno State. The study was conducted in the eleven (11) official camps in Maiduguri. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques in generating data. In the case of primary data, questionnaire were administerd to government officials, Interview conducted with NGOs, and Focus Group Discussion was conducted with IDPs, while the secondary data were official records from Borno both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis of the data obtained. The study found out there was agreement among the respondents that there health status of children in the camp has improved. There are health facilities in all the camps in Maiduguri which is maintained by both government health officials and NGOs. These agencies are saddled with the responsibilities of provision of qualitative child health care services and the services are collaboratively provided. There are consistent immunization services for the children by both the government and the NGOs. The total number of successful deliveries in the camps from 2014 to 2017 was 19097. This success was owing to qualitative antenatal care services. The study concludes that collaboration has been effective in the provision of healthcare needs of pediatrics in IDPs camps in Maiduguri. The study, therefore, recommends among others that agencies should work out a modality to ensuring that such facilities are provided in their return and reintegration efforts.
A 3-Way Paradigm of Lesson Study Strategy on Teachers’ Productivity, Teaching Profession and Trainee Proficiency: A Contemporaneous Paradigm (Published)
This paper is showcasing a tripartite interwoven interactions in Education, that sychronously run to address a-3Way-Paradigm through the Lesson Study Strategy in the new millenium classroom. The quest for professionality and functionality will continue to make all educational stakeholders dive for strategies that will pave way for maximum productivity in the ocean of knowledge economy of the world. Lesson Study is a pedagogical strategy that is capable of producing productive interactions that revolve roundabout the 21st Century Classroom Teachers, the acts of Teaching and the Trainees. The process opens with a team of concerned teachers collaborating on a common discipline of interest. The goals of teaching and learning, how and what to employ in order to achieve the identified goals in the classroom are discussed. Classroom presentation is a collective resposibility of everyone in the team. One of the team members presents the teaching interactions with tthe students while others are in the classroom as observers. The team reviews and scrutinises the classroom interactive outcomes outside the classroom thereafter and effective remidiation is put in place for the overall achievement of the identified goals. In this paper therefore, the productivity of the teacher, process of teaching and proficiency of the trainees are independently focused. Lesson Study as a teaching strategy is capable of producing professionalism in the Teacher, productivity in Teaching and proficiency in the Trainees.
Curriculum Development and Student Training: A Shared Responsibility between Clothing and Textile Institutions and Their Industry (Published)
The focus of the study was to look into the phenomenon of collaboration between clothing and textiles institutions and the industry regarding curriculum development and student training from the perspectives of respondents. Again the study was to find out if efforts to establish collaboration between clothing and textile institutions and the industry are based on theories/models or standardized practices. Purposive sampling technique was used for the study. Data for the study was collected using interview with semi-structured interview guide and observation. The sample size for this qualitative study was twenty-two (22) made up of two categories of respondent. It was made up of respondents from both the academia and industry. The outcome of the study showed these: It was realized that, as far as student training is concerned, respondents considered industrial attachment as the main and beneficial means of collaboration between the clothing and textiles institutions and the industry. Current efforts to establish collaboration between the two bodies around student training are not guided by standard practices or models. Implications of the outcome of the study as well recommendations for action are provided
Effectiveness of Innovative Policies to Enhance University-Industry Collaboration in Developing Countries. Towards Technical University-Industry Links in Ghana (Published)
In today’s global world, generating new knowledge and turning it into new products and services is a complex process that involves a broad range of actors. Transforming the results of scientific research into new commercial products is a shared challenge between researchers and industry to maximize the social and economic benefits of new ideas. Such partnerships contribute positively to address innovation market failures and help to realize the full social returns of research and development(R & D) investments. In recent times, the rise in global knowledge and technology has intensified the need for universities and industry to forge strategic partnership that goes beyond the traditional funding of research projects. World-class research universities are at the forefront of championing such partnerships to hone the competitiveness and competence of their institutions and the partnering companies to help address social challenges and drive economic growth. This study explores the priorities and scope of university–industry collaboration indeveloped and developing economies, motivation to form such collaborations and barriers to such cooperation. Finally, the study examines the effectiveness of these innovative policies to promote university-industry collaboration in developing countries.
Institutional partnership is gaining prominence globally so that resources can be shared and utilized profitably. The Office Technology and Management program as in the Nigerian Polytechnics, Colleges of Education and Universities requires huge facilities and infrastructure to implement which government is unable to sufficiently provide due to dwindling economy. On the other hand schools management may not prioritize their needs. The partnership factor is quite germane because industry needs for professionals, manpower and research keep changing rapidly. It becomes pertinent for managers of the program to parley with the appropriate stakeholders including: professional bodies, companies, other schools, hence every potential is fully harnessed. It will require a clear cut pattern of relationship to specify the input, out come and areas of future improvement.
Domestic-International Collaborative Research Model To Enlarge The Roles Of Chinese Language Education To Support Indonesia-China Relations (Published)
Indonesia-China relations is growing in last decade and Chinese language learning is one of the structure. Chinese language learning spread out in term of number of institute and learners beyond ethnicity in Indonesia. This growth, has big potential to enhance Chinese language learning out of its core learning as language, to the cooperation with other institutes. This article focuses to the opportunity to enlarge the roles of Chinese language learning in Indonesia through collaborative research between Indonesian and Chinese researchers. It is important in the context to support Indonesia-China bilateral relations, particularly to strengthening mutual understanding among society in two countries through publication of research which covers both academic and non-academic communities including publication in Bahasa Indonesia and Chinese so it could be accessed by general public. Chinese language learning has important role not only in the context of language learning but also as important tool for common activity in two countries
CONTEXTUAL-SPECIFIC DYNAMICS ON COLLEGIALITY AND RECIPROCITY IN MENTORING RELATIONSHIPS: ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS IN THE GHANAIAN CONTEXT (Published)
This qualitative ethnographic case study, adopted a socio-cultural theoretical perspective and interpretive qualitative analysis techniques, to investigate five mentoring relationships from five mentors and mentees involved in the innovative Cooperative-Reflective mentoring model of teacher professional learning in mentoring relationships at the University of Education, Winneba, (UEW), Ghana. This model is underpinned by the concepts of collegiality, reciprocity of learning, collaborative activities and critical reflection by the mentoring dyad. The data were collected from interviews, observations and document analysis. Trustworthiness of the study was ensured through the multiple sources of data, peer review, member checks, as well as the description of themes in the participants’ own words. The study revealed that although the involvement of classroom teachers in the professional training of student teachers is a novelty in teacher education in Ghana, and a great departure from the old teaching practice, the programme has some conceptual and implementation challenges. First, the old conception of a hierarchical relationship between mentor and mentee persists contrary to the concepts of collegiality, collaboration, reciprocity and critical reflection. This is attributable, partly, to the inherent power of the mentor and, partly, to the professional culture of the teaching profession. Second, the collegial relationships which are to result in this mentoring relationship model are theoretically well intended but practically problematic because of the social structure of the Ghanaian society and the professional culture of the teaching profession in Ghana. Again, reciprocity of learning through critical reflection by both mentor and mentee in this model of teacher professional learning concept also appears to have been theoretically well intended but practically problematic because of the same reasons for forging collegial relationships. This seemingly lack of sensitivity to the socio-cultural and professional contexts in which the model is being implemented is a major setback to the arguably innovative move towards school-based teacher training and the greater involvement of practising teachers in the professional training and development of student teachers as well as in the life-long learning of practising teachers. We, therefore, propose a re-conceptualisation of the mentoring model to take into account the socio-cultural and professional contexts within the context of implementation since theoretical positions alone cannot provide sufficient basis or framework for the development of a mentoring programme. It is the interaction between particular mentors and particular mentees in their particular contexts that determines the type of relationship to be established and the type of professional learning that will result.
DEFINING THE REAL NEEDS OF WOMEN SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN VIETNAM: THE IMPORTANCE OF GRASSROOTS PARTICIPATION AND MULTI-STAKEHOLDER COLLABORATION (Published)
In response to gender gap and hardship due to heavy production and domestic tasks of women smallholder farmers in developing countries, this study was conducted under the auspices of the Gates Foundation with an original goal of formulating labour saving strategies and innovations for the rural women in Vietnam. The first five steps of a systems-based Evolutionary Learning Laboratory (ELLab) framework together with other management tools were employed in the first phase of the project during April 2013 to April 2014. The project has identified actual challenges and needs of the target group using appropriate systems approaches, including a flexible use of stakeholder analysis and engagement, and a log-frame approach for evaluation. Interestingly, saving labour was not identified as the highest priority for the women and was ranked second after the need for increasing their income. The outcomes of the study served as feedback and a rationale for reframing the project goal and objectives to address the ‘real issues’, ‘real needs’ and thus appropriate intervention strategies to address the identified challenges of the women farmers in the research area. Process steps of issue identification, rethinking and reframing of the project approach, goals and objectives are discussed and analyzed to prove the value and validity of the unique ELLab processes as an appropriate framework to deal with complex problems in the context of interconnected economic, environmental, social and cultural factors. The findings have not only brought about practical solutions for the women, but also formulated context-based recommendations for funding agencies and local governments.
Interest in collaboration between state and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) has grown dramatically in recent years in Kazakhstan. This article explores the history of NGOs, and NGO–state cooperation in Kazakhstan, in terms of the mechanisms and forms, the benefits and achievements, and the constraints and success factors. It highlights the positive dimensions in the NGO–state relationship in terms of the legal environment, in the different forms of public participation, and in the financial support provided by government. At the same time, there is a need to provide a real collaboration of NGOs with government. The NGO–state relationship in Kazakhstan is, still, in the early stage of development and is neither confrontational nor complementary. Currently, state social contracts are the most significant source of NGO funding. There is, however, a need to improve mechanisms for state contracting, in order to reflect the needs and priorities of NGOs’ constituents, to provide transparency of social contracts, to build institutional capacity of public sector agencies, and to strengthen long-term collaboration between NGOs and the state.
THE IMPACT OF STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING APPROACH THROUGH WORKSHOPS CONDUCTION ON THE UAE UNIVERSITY FEMALE STUDENTS’ CONFIDENCE (Published)
The study is intended to investigate the impact of student-centered learning approach on United Arab Emirates University Female Students’ confidence in their academic fields through the workshop conduction strategy. The study is qualitative which interviews are utilized. The researcher used qualitative research which ensures more in-depth data collection than typically needed in quantitative research (Gay, Miller & Airasian, 2011).
Collaborative Identification of the Health Needs/Assets of Ikot Ishie Community, Calabar, Nigeria (Published)
Background: Identification of health needs within Nigeria has often been done with a top-down approach where policy and funding determines what health needs to focus on for interventions. Communicable diseases such as malaria have been studied extensively however; lack of cohesiveness and continuity often derails the gains achieved.
Objectives: To work collaboratively with stakeholders in Ikot Ishie Community in identifying their health needs/assets.
Methodology: A community organizing exercise using Key Informant Interviews, observation and Focus Group Discussions (FGD) was implemented.
Findings/Results: As a community embedded in a malaria endemic area, people are aware of malarial signs and symptoms and can easily identify its management/preventive measures. Persistent self-diagnoses/treatment of malaria, lack of information about the causes, signs/symptoms of other conditions and poor patronage of the primary health centre for preventive and early diagnoses of diseases were the identified needs. Collaborative identification of needs/assets builds trust and ownership of interventions, encouraging continuity.
Co-Creating Business Development Service: A Strategic Marketing Approach for Leveraging the Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) In Nigeria (Published)
The provision of Business Development Services (BDS) is critical to the survival and sustainable growth of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). BDS in Nigeria has been poorly provided as there are very few institutions that provide it. As a result, most SMEs neither appreciate the need for such services nor access them. This paper posits that a Business Development Service co-created through collaboration between the service provider and service consumer stands to elicit the need for such service among SMEs as well as improve their utilization and access to BDS. Based on theoretical paradigm and contemporary practices as documented in literature, this paper suggests that Institution of Higher Learning (IHL) are best positioned to provide the BDS. Given the provision of services like BDS may involve the collaboration of other organizations and institutions, it is the suggestion of this paper that the institutions who may undertake this project collaborate with larger enterprises and mass media organizations in alliance to provide the service while on the other hand, SMEs within the target market are sensitized through a radio phone-in programs that address the general problems of SMEs. When this is done, it is expected that an opportunity of interaction between the consumers of service and provider would have been in place for the requisite value-based BDS to be co-created.