A Study of Lexical Cohesion in Women’s Articles Written by Native and Non-Native Speakers of English (Published)
The current study aims at uncovering the functions of lexical cohesion and gaining insights into how such a cohesive mechanism characterizes articles written on women by native and non-native speakers of English. To guide the research, two hypotheses were set up. First, women’s articles written by native speakers of English involve more manifestations of lexical cohesion than those written by non-native ones. Second, the two groups of writers tend to utilize the same kinds of lexical markers in their articles. To verify the hypotheses, four articles were purposefully selected from The Guardian and The Independent websites as data for analysis. Likewise, an eclectic model for analysis was designed by the two researchers where the results of analysis have demonstrated that there are remarkable differences in the frequencies of lexical cohesion patterns employed by native and non-native speakers of English. Similarly, the seven lexical cohesive types have appeared in the writings of the two groups. Finally, lexical cohesion has turned to be a characteristic feature of women’s articles whether written by natives or non-natives.
Dylan Thomas’s 18 Poems and Auden’s Critique (Published)
Literary taste has its twists and turns, and it is no wonder that Dylan Thomas’s 18 Poems appeal to the poets of the thirties and the forties in different ways. The response of the Thomas circle is quick and unstinted. The Apocalyptic poets, Henry Treece, Vernon Watkins, G.S. Fraser, and Norman MacCaig become enthusiastic over Thomas’s poem, and they plan to bring out a book of verse based on 18 Poems. The critics have also expressed their warm appreciation. The poets of the thirties, Cecil Day Lewis, Stephen Spender, and Louis MacNeice, are equally effusive. The reaction of W.H. Auden is, on the other hand, quite adverse. In Look Stranger!, he says that 18 Poems recording a sceptical theme, stands “wild” in its structure. Auden’s critique on Thomas as articulated in Another Time, The New Year Letter, For the Time Being, The Age of Anxiety, and in Nones endorses, on the whole till the death of Thomas (1953), the opinions of the preceeding years. The obvious limitations of 18 Poems should not, however, make the readers ignore its real excellences, and the excellences are many and varied. Hence, a figurative study is undertaken to establish that the most remarkable advance in Thomas’s artistic discipline is marked in the defter handling of dramatic imagination and language. What really distinguishes the surrealistic mind of Thomas is a capacity for self-analysis, a capacity for objectifying, and subjecting to analytical scrutiny, his own experiences and feelings. This power of self-analysis is the highest manifestation of the sceptic poetic tradition of Thomas Hardy and W.B.Yeats.
Texts, in their various forms are not created in a vacuum, but they are contents of certain messages which the reader decodes for use. Being language use in naturally occurring situations, a text involves meaningful linguistic manipulations as well as ideational and interpersonal interaction in its realization in what is expressed as cohesion and coherence in textual building. Every meaningful text is an embodiment of cohesive network within the discourse (internal) and the other experimental (external) factors in the making and understanding of such a text. In this paper, we closely examine what a text is and made a case for its interchangeable use with discourse without contradictions. Much attention is also given to the cohesive devices which form the main network of links, ties and chains within a linguistic text but with the evidences that a text may be cohesively well-structured without the status of a coherent text which is the ultimate. Finally, a pedagogical intervention is recommended to cushion the problem associated with the acquisition of the required knowledge of cohesion and coherence in textual creation.
This study is designed to investigate the present situations of Kuwaiti undergraduate students of English, and their attitudes towards the writing process. Specifically, the study aimed to address the following research questions: (1) What are the characteristics of the texts produced by Kuwaiti undergraduate students in terms of cohesion and quality? (2) Is there a relationship between cohesive devices’ measures and text evaluation scores? The main objective of the researcher was to concentrate on dealing with the macro level cohesive devices in students’ descriptive English writing. The participants in this study were 128 Kuwaiti college students of English in the first and second year of study at Kuwait University, College of Arts. A mixed methods design of both qualitative and quantitative research methodology was utilized to analyze the participants’ written texts. In addition, the framework of Halliday and Hasan’s (1976) theory of cohesion was used to analyze the written products of the participants. The findings revealed that there was a notable difference in the students’ use of cohesive devices in terms of frequency. Students overused certain types of cohesive devices (reference, conjunction, and lexical) while neglecting to use the others (substitution and ellipsis). The analysis also revealed that the correlation coefficient between writing scores and reference cohesive device is positive and statistically significant, since only the reference cohesive device was highly correlated with score.
Cohesion and Coherence Theory plays a significant role in the field of discourse analysis. Despite the fact that it occupies an important status in the Western linguistic literature, its linguistic roots in other cultures especially those in Arabic have not been paid enough attention. In Arabic, the classical linguistic renown study, namely Al-Nadhm Theory, proposed by Al-Jirjani seems to be an antecedent version,in a way or another, to the Western one. Thus, a scholar investigation of this claim is worth conducting to form a solid and clearer picture about cohesion and coherence as linguistic notions. This has prompted this paper to concern itself with the task of cross-theoretically contrasting the two theories so as to show the similarities and differences between them. Additionally, it attempts to find out some aspects of convergence between them. In association with the aforementioned aims, this study hypothesizes that the Western theory is a merely developed version of an antecedent version, namely the Arabic one. Though the two theories expose differences, they show similarities and share many linguistic areas where they meet. To achieve the aims of this study and test its hypotheses, it adopts a procedure which involves reviewing cohesion and coherence in the two theories in question, contrasting them, and, on the basis of the findings of the contrast, drawing some conclusions that accord with aims and hypotheses of this piece of research work. The conclusions are drawn to show whether the hypotheses of the study are verified or rejected.
“… FOR THE MAN IS THE HEAD OF THE WIFE”: A THEOLOGICAL STUDY OF EPH. 5, 23 IN RELATION TO THE AFRICAN MAN’S DOMINEERING ATTITUDE (Published)
The practical significance of the text of Eph 5,23 is very enormous when viewed under the prism of the problem of equality and subordination in Christian families especially in Africa. Perhaps the greatest single secular problem of the family today is the rise to power of women who traditionally were relegated. With the incipient feminism and women’s growth in social status the traditional African man now finds it difficult to move with the signs of the time. The result is crisis in family life. This paper is poised to expose Paul’s integration of ethics and theology in the singular coinage of kefalh,, with a view to delineating the subtle difference between the ordinary understanding of Eph 5,23 as signifying subordination of women to men. The paper argues that Paul by describing men as the head does not imply superiority in status but in function. Paul has always defended the equality of all in Christ as evident in Gal 3,28; Col 3,11.19; 4,1 and 1Cor 11,2-16, and cannot just contradict himself so cheaply. His choice of word was only but precisely an adaptation to his own age sequent to social condition of his time and culture.
Organizational Climate and Corporate Performance: The Nigerian Experience (Review Completed - Accepted)
The study examined the relationship between organizational climate and corporate performance in the Nigerian oil industry. The sample for the study consisted of three hundred and eighty two (382) employees from seven randomly selected major oil companies in Nigeria. The study utilized both quantitative data (questionnaire) and qualitative data (interview). The spearman rank correlation coefficient and Multiple Regression Model using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 15 were utilized for the analysis of data. Our finding revealed a positive and significant relationship between organizational climate and corporate performance. Specifically, recognition for achievement, organizational support and cohesion were revealed to have a positive and significant influence on corporate performance. Based on this finding, it was concluded that the prevailing organizational climate had a significant positive effect on corporate performance. The managerial implications of these findings were also discussed