The Efficiency in the Cognitive Representation of Information among the Students’ Enrolled in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hail in the light of some variables (Published)
The present study aimed to identify the extent of efficiency in the cognitive representation of information among the students’ enrolled in the faculty of education at the University of Hail. The study’s sample consists from 320 female and male students. The researcher used the cognitive representation scale which was developed by Rajab (2007). It was found that the level of the cognitive representation efficiency is moderate among those students. The efficiency in adopting the feature comparison model is ranked first. The efficiency in adopting the cognitive network modelis ranked second. The efficiency in adopting the spreading activation model is ranked third. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ cognitive representation efficiency level which can be attributed to gender. The latter difference is for the favor of females. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic year. The latter difference is for the favor of fourth year students. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic achievement level. The latter difference is for the favor of the students whose academic achievement is excellent.
Vietnamese Cultural Conceptualization of Internal Body Organs in South East Asian Linguistics (Seals) (Published)
In the worldwide development of modern linguistics, ‘cognitivism’ tendency is a good example with the findings of the theory and applications. One of those is an attempt of linguistic scholars from various backgrounds to continue the tradition from W. von Humboldt in Europe, E. Sapir and B. Whorf in America, who emphasize the relationship among language, thought and culture. The evidence for that are the theoretical concepts such as ‘ethno-syntax’, ‘ethno-linguistics’, ‘ethno-psycho-linguistics’ ‘cultural linguistics’, ‘human factor in language’, ‘linguistic picture of the world’, ‘linguistic consciousness’. In light of cognitive perspective, linguists often use the terms and expressions ‘different views of the world’ or ‘worldviews’, and ‘the ways in which speakers of different languages think differently’, that is to say they conceptualize or categorize experience in different ways. This view has been supported by many empirical studies within the paradigm of cognitive linguistics in the past two decades. In this area of research, from the point of cognitive view a very interesting tendency is to understand how such conceptualizations are grounded in bodily cognition. In cultural perspective, an interest in studying those conceptualizations is to explore how they have their roots in culture and how they can be different from language to another. A good evidence is linguistic data referring the different ways of conceptualizing inner body parts which function as ‘container’, ‘seat’ or ‘locus’ for human emotional and mental states or spiritual activities. In this paper, the chosen concepts related to what they are denoted in English by HEART and MIND. Particularly, conceptualizations of Heart, Belly/Abdomen, Stomach, Liver, Bowels/Intestines will be taken into consideration with cross-cultural perspective and with examples from different languages families and groups (as well as within these families and groups) in Southeast Asia which have their representatives in Vietnam as Austro-Asiatic, Austronesian, Sino-Tibertan, Hmong-Mien(Miao-Dao), Tai-Kadai. This paper denotes the evidence from following languages: (i) Austro-Asiatic: Khmer, Vietnamese, Muong; (ii) Austronesian: Cham, Ede; (iii) Sino-Tibertan: Chinese; (iv) Hmong-Mien (Miao-Dao), Hmong; (v) Tai-Kadai: Tay-Nung. For showing clearer cultural and cognitive specificity these ‘Oriental’ linguistic data are compared with a ‘Western’ one – English. It demonstrates that if English maintains a Western cultural ‘dualism’ between rationalities (MIND/HEAD) and emotions (HEART), SEA languages tend to reveal an Oriental ‘monism’: BELLY, or STOMACH, or BOWELS, or LIVER primarily uses in locating human feelings and thoughts. The difference within SEA languages in which inner organ is chosen as the locus of emotional and mental life: Vietnamese people, for example, first of all, think of the ‘inside abdomen’, but Hmong ethnic group the ‘liver’. The results of cognitive and cultural comparisons of the way of conceptualizing such inner body parts in SEA languages can make two relationships much clearer: (i) one between the ways of conceptualization and genetic features of those language families and groups; (ii) and another between the cognitively universal of human conceptualization and the culturally specific of a language community.
The Effectiveness Of Life Skills Programmes In Three Teachers Colleges Within Masvingo Province Zimbabwe (Review Completed - Accepted)
This study sought to determine the effectiveness of Life Skills programmes in three teachers’ colleges in Masvingo province namely: Masvingo, Bondolfi and Morgenster. In this study eight-five (85) student teachers, four (4) lecturers and three (3) nurses from the three colleges participated in the research project. Student teachers filled in questionnaires, lecturers and nurses were interviewed. The study showed that life skills programmes are quite effective in equipping student teachers with stress management skills, cognitive skills, social skills and emotional skills. The study also revealed that student teachers are equipped with information on HIV, AIDS, STIs and other health related information which play a major role in behaviour change.Though Life Skills programmes can be quite effective, the research study revealed that proper methodologies, technical support and lecturer motivation are of paramount importance in the implementation of these programmes. The study recommends that there is need for staff development programmes for lecturers so that they are equipped with relevant methodologies for life skills programmes. It is also necessary that these programmes be well funded so that they do not suddenly grind to a halt. Finally, it is also recommended that further research be undertaken in order to establish how best these life skills programmes can be implemented considering the large enrolments of teachers’ colleges