Tag Archives: Classroom

The Role of Games and Drama in Improving English Language Teaching in Basic School (Published)

This study aimed at assessing the role of games and drama in improving English language teaching in primary schools in Khartoum state. The population of the study is composed of primary school teachers in Khartoum state.  Only one tool was employed for collecting data from the teachers’ questionnaire. The results of the study revealed that although basic level teachers of English language are highly convinced of the necessity of using games and drama in teaching English at basic level, they do not agree that they are actually used. Also, there are many difficulties that face teachers in using games and drama activities in teaching English. Teachers believe that there are a number of reasons why games and drama activities are effective techniques in teaching English. This study ends up with a set of recommendations 1) games and drama activities have to have their due weight in classroom practice. They have to be used more frequently 2) Textbooks should incorporate as many activities of games and drama as possible and they have to be given their time in the language course. They should not be just as toppings for lessons; rather they have to be integrated in the teaching process as essential components 3) Teachers should be trained on how to avoid the pitfalls of games and drama activities and they should be trained on how to maximize their benefits 4) School administrations should be made aware of the importance of games and drama activities and they should provide more opportunities for the teachers to use them 5) Pupils have to be trained on how to carry out these activities and they should be coached on how to use the time allotted for them in the proper manner 6) Special care has to be given to pupils who are by their nature withdrawn 7) Class tests and continuous assessment has to include games and drama activities 8) Parents should be educated on the value of games and drama activities as effective techniques for learning English. Games and drama should be a constant feature in the Parents Day. It is suggested that 1) the ability of games and drama activities to develop listening and speaking skills 2) the potentiality of games and drama to develop cultural awareness 3) the intrinsic value of games and drama to develop the 4 Cs of the 21st century skills (Communication, Creativity, Critical thinking, Collaboration 4) the potentiality of games and drama activities to match the characteristics of the new generations (Alpha Gen in particular).

Keywords: Classroom, Drama, Education, Technique, games

English Only Classroom in EFL Context: A Necessity or a Burden (Published)

In many parts of the world it is widely accepted that in the language classrooms the use of L1 should be minimal, if not totally prohibited. While such practice is strongly advocated by a number of educationists and practitioners, there are others who think that a pragmatic use of L1 is not only unavoidable but also quite beneficial. Besides, in EFL context, the justification of English only classroom is questionable on practical grounds as the classrooms mostly consist of students and teachers who share the same L1, and show a poor knowledge of their L2, as  in the context of the English classrooms of Bangladesh. This paper thus investigates the positive and negative effects of L1 usage in the language classroom and suggests the adoption of an appropriate stand in the EFL classrooms of Bangladesh.

Keywords: Classroom, EFL Context, English-Only, Practical Constraints, Principled Usage of l1

Skills, Teaching in ESL, Classroom, Discrete, Integrated (Published)

This paper reviews skills teaching in ESL classroom which can be discrete or integrated. It includes a brief history of discrete skills teaching according to different methods of English language teaching, and the shift towards integrated approach in more recent years. The researcher also analyses the classroom implications of discrete and integrated skills teaching in order to find out which one is more successful in ESL classroom. Therefore, the purpose of this article is firstly, to evaluate the methodological approaches towards skills teaching; secondly,to explore discrete skills approach in class; thirdly, to analyse integration of skills to make a learner a competent user of language; and finally, to propose the various ways of integration and recommend the teachers for the successful development of the integration of language skills

Keywords: Classroom, Discrete, Integrated, Skills, Teaching in ESL

Contestation of Ethnic Identity in Forming Ethno-territorial in Pakpak Bharat Regency, North Sumatra (Published)

The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.


Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

Maintaining Discipline in a Social Studies Classroom (Published)

The sole purpose of education is to provide students with basic educational foundation from which they can build a successful career and independent lives. However, indiscipline in social studies classroom causes barriers to students’ academic achievement. Thus, teachers’ long-standing goal is to maintain discipline in social studies classroom helping them to govern their behavior. Thus, this paper highlights the different types of discipline and ways of maintaining discipline in social studies classroom. The paper concludes by stating emphatically that effective maintenance of classroom discipline is a pre-requisite for smooth delivery of social studies curriculum.

Keywords: Classroom, Discipline, Maintaining, Social Studies

Technology in Classrooms: Tools, Advantages, Barriers, Attitudes and Resources Limitation (Published)

This paper provides a roadmap to the use of technology in classrooms. The paper gives a clear understanding of technology use in classroom education. Moreover, the paper explains the main advantages of technology for both students and teachers in addition to barriers faced by them and their attitudes toward using technology.


Keywords: Classroom, Technology

Overview of Technology Use in Middle School Education (Published)

This paper gives an overview of technology use in middle school education. The paper provides a clear understanding of technology integration and educational technology. The paper answers the question of why to use the technology in middle schools. Moreover, it tells about the effective use of technological devices and the best teaching practices when it comes to technology. Finally, with all the advantages technology brings to middle school, the paper also highlights the disadvantages of using technology.

Keywords: Classroom, Education, Technology

The Use of ICT to Enhance University Education in Nigeria. (Published)

Today, information and communication technology (ICT) is very important in the learning and teaching process at all levels of education. However, in Nigeria the use of ICT is still at its infancy. If the educational system in Nigeria is to match with global requirements, there is need to incorporate the use of ICT that facilitates knowledge acquisition within and beyond the classroom. This paper examines the gap and challenges facing the use of ICT in university education in Nigeria. The study is a descriptive survey that assessed five universities for the most urgent solution. The population of the study was 120 respondents and this is made up  of university lecturers and the students. Findings revealed that there is a gap between the university teachers and students and ICT usage in classrooms and many university lecturers and students have to go to commercial cyber cafés in town before they have access to a computer that is internet connected, teachers are faced with some challenges and barriers of availability of facilities which prevent them to employ ICT in the classroom, the solutions proffered include funding, provision of facilities and technical expertise in Nigeria universities.

Keywords: Classroom, Education System, ICT, Nigeria, University Education, Use, gap

Teacher as Mediator in the EFL Classroom: A Role to Promote Students’ Level of Interaction, Activeness, and Learning (Published)

Versus to old, traditional approaches and methods of teaching a language, recent and new approaches of teaching and learning a foreign language have focused on providing a learner-centred environment in which learners can have more control over their learning process and more autonomy on how to accomplish tasks and activities. This article highlights the position and role of the teacher as a mediator and the types of responsibilities he/she should take to successfully play this role and guarantee an interactive and interesting learning to the students.

Keywords: Classroom, Learning, Students, Teacher

Evaluating Teachers’ Professional Development for ICT Use: Towards Innovative Classroom Practices (Published)

This paper describes an evaluation study designed to investigate the impact of an ICT-Instructional digital innovation in teaching Mathematics, English and Integrated Science subjects from the teacher capacity building professional development programme to classroom implementation at senior high school levels in Ghana. Interviews and survey data were used for data collection following a week professional development programme on the instructional digital learning training. The study demonstrated that the teachers increased in ICT proficiencies but this was limited to their own professional development and not so much of classroom implementation of ICT which results when transfer of learning takes place from training to practice. The study reported that teachers faced a complex mix of factors that when combined, contributed to challenges in transferring the ideas gained in the training programme to the classroom situation. It was evident from the findings that more systematic efforts are needed at the school levels and at the level of stakeholders who implement in-service teachers’ professional development programmes to move the goal of transforming teaching and learning through ICT-based innovations. Based on the outcomes, the study discussed recommendations to help smoothen the transition from teacher professional development programmes to actual classroom implementations in Ghanaian senior high schools and such similar contexts.

Keywords: Classroom, Developmenr ICT, Digital Innovation, English, Ghana, Integrated Science, Mathematics, Teacher

Standardization and Indexing Of Basic Electricity Teacher Effectiveness in South Eastern Nigeria (Published)

This study provided Standardization and indexing of Basic Electricity Teachers effectiveness in the South Eastern states of Nigeria through effective classroom interaction analysis techniques. Four research questions and four research hypotheses guided the study. Pre-test, post-test, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Samples of 12 teachers and 511 SSII Basic Electricity students were randomly drawn from the population of 57 Basic Electricity Teachers and 932 students. Three validated instruments were used for data collection as follows: Basic Electricity interaction categories (BIC), Basic Electricity Interest Scales (BEIS) and Basic Electricity Achievement Test (BEAT). They were structured to cover the critical indices and criteria for wholesome teacher effectiveness. The reliability coefficient of the instruments were 0.978, 0.60 and 0.977 respectively. Percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test statistic and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed the mean of means of critical teacher effectiveness indices and hence Basic Electricity Teachers’ effectiveness Benchmark was 58.75 score. It was then recommended that the federal and state ministries of education and Teacher Registration council should adopt this benchmark and enforce it for Basic Electricity Teachers recruitment, promotion and other academic/professional awards/rewards. After the efficacy had been established, this benchmark can then be adopted nationally for all teacher effectiveness assessments at all levels of education in Nigeria

Keywords: Basic Electricity, Classroom, Education, Indexing, South Eastern Nigeria., Teacher

The Use of Literature in an EFL Classroom (Published)

This research aimed at investigating the students’ perceptions of the effectiveness of the literature courses offered by the English Department in the College of Basic Education in Kuwait. The Students’ perceptions were examined based on a 5-statement questionnaire which addresses the extent to which students believe the literature courses enhanced their proficiency in the four skills. Overall, the participants viewed the literature courses as effective in improving their English competencies. However, they did not believe that the literature courses helped in improving the oral skills. The results also pointed to some inadequacies which seem to be related the implementation of the literature courses. In order for these inadequacies to be effectively redressed, the researchers recommend that further studies be conducted on other aspects, like the teaching methods and tools used in implementing the courses and the feedback from instructors.

Keywords: Classroom, Effectiveness, English, Literature


The study focuses on the influence of English language in Macedonia, which is a multilingual, multicultural, and multiethnic country, situated in Southeast Europe. More precisely, the study investigates and compares the role of English inside and outside the classroom in two different environments. Firstly, in Tetovo as a multilingual place where quite a lot of people very easily shift from the local languages in use (Albanian, Macedonian and Turkish) and English when necessary, and secondly, in Prilep, as a mainly monolingual place, where from the local languages, mostly Macedonian is used. The study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative data collection includes learners’ questionnaires. The qualitative data phase includes descriptive research by using interviews. Finally, the study identifies several important issues regarding the positive and negative influence of English and compares the participants’ attitudes towards the role and the influence of English in a multilingual vs. monolingual environment. The findings of the study are expected to be of use to policy makers in the country and wider, the local government, educational institutions, current and future English teachers and students.

Keywords: Classroom, English, Environment, Influence, monolingual, multilingual


Educational technology as a term and as a field of specialization is considered to be a relatively new field in education. Based on this, the concept sounds new to a lot of people including a good number of teachers and learners. It is yet to be well rooted in the Nigerian educational system. However, it should be noted that its newness is in terms of terminology, in the redefinition of concepts, in the realignment of child learning psychology with behavioural oriented classroom activities and in the matching together of curriculum and human resources. It is important to note that elements of Educational Technology have always been present in educational practices in the Nigerian schools which brought about gradual changes in the use of educational technology in the classroom. This paper therefore examines the application of educational technology to teaching and learning in the classroom and educational technology as a solution to the problem of curriculum practices in the Nigerian education system. Some generalizations on the effective use of educational technology in the classroom settings, conclusion and recommendations were made

Keywords: Classroom, Educational Technology