Children Use of Gestures to Communicate In Second Language (Review Completed - Accepted)
This article is an attempt to investigate whether the gestures used by children effect their communication in English. This study explored how children communicate in the second language by using gestures. It determines whether children’s nonverbal behaviors or gestures are positive in communicating in the second language when the children are tired too. This study was done with two boys: namely; Mohammad and Abolfazl, with the age of 7 and 5 respectively, they are learning English language at their home. They are brothers and they are the researcher nephews. They have been taught English for more than 6 months. Of course, it should be mentioned that they can, to some extent, speak English. The researcher has used different pictorial and visual instruments to teach them to talk and communicate in English language, but most of the times, they made use of their gestures to say their purposes. The researcher made use of a kind of video recording at the times of reading the books, watching the films ,and having the snacks and meals. The result shows that the actions accompanied with gestures are more meaningful and communicative, and they learning are fostered and they are more motivated. So it will indicate that children use of gestures to communicate in English is one of the best ways to be used even for the time that they cannot remember the words or when they are too tired to talk
Parents’ Ethnic Socialization Practices in Shaping Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem of Children in Malaysia (Published)
Parents’ Ethnic Socialization practices play important role in shaping their children’s ethnic identity and is also important for other developmental and behavioral outcomes such as self-esteem, and academic achievement. The present study examined the role of parents’ ethnic socialization practices in shaping ethnic identity and self-esteem of children. A total of 342 children (ages ranging from 10-14 years old) participated in the present study. The modified version of Multi group Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM), The Familial Ethnic Socialization Measure (FESM) and The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) were used in this study. The results showed that: i) parents’ ethnic socialization practices were strong predictor of ethnic identity development and self-esteem of the children; iii) the children with a greater ethnic identity exploration exhibited higher self-esteem. The results of this study showed the implications for parents’ ethnic socialization practices in successful multi ethnic families for better child development outcomes.