Tag Archives: children

Collaboration and the Provision of Child Health Care Service in Internally Displaced Persons Camps in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (Published)

The Boko Haram Terrorism has led to the displacement of a lot of people in Borno State. Majority of those displaced are children and are leaving in Maiduguri, the Borno State Capital. These children are mostly affected especially their health status. The need for the provision of effective health services for them cannot be over emphasized and this can be facilitated through collaboration among agencies. This study therefore, guided by the obligatory humanistic theory, assesses the impact of collaboration among agencies on the provision of healthcare for Children in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) camps in Borno State. The study was conducted in the eleven (11) official camps in Maiduguri. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques in generating data. In the case of primary data, questionnaire were administerd to government officials, Interview conducted with NGOs, and Focus Group Discussion was conducted with IDPs, while the secondary data were official records from Borno both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis of the data obtained. The study found out there was agreement among the respondents that there health status of children in the camp has improved. There are health facilities in all the camps in Maiduguri which is maintained by both government health officials and NGOs. These agencies are saddled with the responsibilities of provision of qualitative child health care services and the services are collaboratively provided. There are consistent immunization services for the children by both the government and the NGOs. The total number of successful deliveries in the camps from 2014 to 2017 was 19097. This success was owing to qualitative antenatal care services. The study concludes that collaboration has been effective in the provision of healthcare needs of pediatrics in IDPs camps in Maiduguri. The study, therefore, recommends among others that agencies should work out a modality to ensuring that such facilities are provided in their return and reintegration efforts.

Keywords: Borno, Collaboration, Health Care, Internally Displaced Persons, children

The Impact of Kindergarten on Children’s Socio-emotional Development (Published)

Scholars emphasized to believe that age 3-5 is the most optimal for the children formation of learning enthusiasm. This age will allow children to succeed at the next levels of the educational system as well as enjoy lifelong benefits. The early education is the cornerstone to children to establish the first Socio-emotional development contact.  Furthermore, there are cultural, parental, and environmental factors, corporate the kindergarten institution that could affect the quality and feasibility of early education. Yet some positive economic and parental factors can help kindergartens in its educational endeavors. The study found that the elements of family, school and community factors, as well as play, relationships, and environments, work in synergy to support children’s Socio-emotional development. The present research emphasized that to help the educational institutions to improve its image that is preferred, it is necessary to address issues that minimize the quality of education and render kindergartens irrelevant.

Keywords: Education, Kindergarten, children, socio-emotional development

Towards the Reformation of the Child: a Study of Zoe and Janet Graham’s My Grandma is a Witch (Published)

Children are precious gifts from God and so they are seen as the root of love binding families together. In many parts of Africa, any family without children is assumed not complete yet. This is why men and women who are married do anything to have children. In many parts of Africa, women who have no children for their husbands are derided. In most cases, their husbands are under pressure to marry another wife just to have children. Those who have children are happy. However, it is better for a family not to have a child than to have children not trained; untrained children are threats to parents and to the society at large. The researchers are of the view that literature is an indispensable means of educating the child. The researchers see the structural approach as the appropriate theory for analyzing the paper. They have explored Graham’s My Grandma is a Witch and have observed that the authors have used apt method of characterization as a means of educating the child.

Keywords: Characterization, Didactic, Graham, children, children’s literature

Educating Children in Internally Displaced Persons (IDPS) Camps through Blended Learning: Prospects and Challenges (Published)

Education occupies a central place in human rights. It is essential and indispensable for the exercise of all other human rights and for general societal development. Internally displaced people (IDPs) are considered as most vulnerable due to the increased demands of IDPs for essential public services and livelihoods. The children in these camps also face a lot of hardship with little or no education because of overcrowding and influx of people, especially in the North East of Nigeria. Blended Learning is a hybrid of face-to-face (F-T-F) and computer mediated form of instruction. As an instructional strategy it harnesses the better of the two methods to improve the instructional process especially of the children in IDP camp Schools which are usually over crowded with on the spot recruited teachers. Some challenges envisaged were inadequate funding, poor infrastructure, ready computer literate teachers and specialized manpower for the e-learning platform. It was recommended that educating displaced children in IDP camps should be given more concerted effort by more NGOs, Humanitarian organization, Philanthropists and not left for the host government alone. This is because the children are at the heritage of the future and investing in them educationally is vital for a healthy society for today and tomorrow.

Keywords: : Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Instructional Strategies, blended learning, children

Towards The Reformation of The Child: A Study of Zoe and Janet Graham’s My Grandma Is a Witch (Published)

Children are precious gifts from God and so they are seen as the root of love binding families together. In many parts of Africa, any family without children is assumed not complete yet. This is why men and women who are married do anything to have children. In many parts of Africa, women who have no children for their husbands are derided. In most cases, their husbands are under pressure to marry another wife just to have children. Those who have children are happy. However, it is better for a family not to have a child than to have children not trained; untrained children are threats to parents and to the society at large. The researchers are of the view that literature is an indispensable means of educating the child. The researchers see the structural approach as the appropriate theory for analyzing the paper. They have explored Graham’s My Grandma is a Witch and have observed that the authors have used apt method of characterization as a means of educating the child.

Keywords: Characterization, Didactic, Graham, children, children’s literature

The Meaning of Prayer to Children: Evidence from Selected Denominations in Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria (Published)

Prayer, the art of talking with God, is an activity that Christian children are regularly involved in. This study examined the meaning of prayer to children, and the differences in the meaning of prayer based on denomination, age and gender. This research was a qualitative study which employed a phenomenological design.  Bandura’s Social Learning Theory and Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development are the major theories guiding this study. Data collection methods consisted of a semi structured interview, through observations, uncompleted sentences, picture reading and letter writing. The respondents consisted of forty (40) children, ten (10) from each of the four (4) denominations: Christ Apostolic Church (CAC), Catholic Church in Nigeria (CCN), Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministry (MFM) and the Nigerian Baptist Convention (NBC). Denominations were chosen for their varied prayer practices. The respondents were grouped into two: older children aged 11-12 and younger children 7-8. Data was analysed using NVivo 11 Pro for Windows. This study revealed that the significance or meaning of prayer for younger and older children is talking to God whom they believe has the power to answer their prayers; however, He can only do this when they pray. Also it is a sequence of powerful words/phrases that they formed or set recited (known of by heart) and said (verbally and in their minds), and actions/activities that were done at a certain time or locations. The children mentioned the significance of prayer as connected to Christianity. Prayer was the very essence of life and of Christianity. According to the children, without prayer, life would be meaningless and a prayer-less Christian is a pretender. Thereby, showing once again that children get their significance or meaning of prayer from within the society they live Prayer is caught and prayer is taught, parents and denominations should be careful what they teach formally or informally to children.

Keywords: Christ Apostolic Church, Conversation, Denomination, God, Jesus, Mary, Mind, children, key, prayer, set- recited prayers, verbally

Milk Consumption Patterns of Children from Dairy and Non-Dairy Households in Nakuru County, Kenya (Published)

Consumption of milk by children below five years has been on the decline especially in developing countries. This is despite it being a rich source of proteins and containing all the essential amino acids and other nutrients. The aim of this study was to establish the milk consumption patterns of children (24-59 months) from dairy and non-dairy households from peri-urban (Bahati) and rural (Olenguruone) areas in Nakuru County. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the households using semi-structured questionnaires. A multi stage cluster sampling was applied and 216 households with primary caregivers and at least one child aged 24-59 months randomly settled. Chi-square and T-tests were used to compare differences between means of dairy and non-dairy households in peri-urban/ rural areas. Multiple linear regression tests were performed to determine the relationship between socio-economic characteristics, child dietary diversity and milk consumption of children at α=0.05 level of significance. Findings indicated that milk tea was the common form of milk consumed in all households (DHs, NDHs) in both peri-urban and rural areas. The prevalence of milk consumption among children based on data from the food groups was (57.4% in DHs vs 40.3% in NDHs) in peri-urban while in the rural area 80.3% (DHs) and 72.2% (NDHs) of the children had consumed milk in the previous day. The rate at which the children consumed milk however did not translate to the actual amounts which were low. Children’s mean intake of milk was 285.5±214.6 mls in DHs and 222.3±90.6 mls in NDHs while in peri-urban and rural areas the mean intake was 215.7±85.6 mls and 292.4 ± 216.6 mls respectively. This was far below the WHO minimum recommended intake of 500mls per day. Children’s mean intakes of milk were significantly different among the DHs vs NDHs (0.005) and peri-urban vs rural areas (0.001). The linear regression model revealed that having a dairy cow increased the daily milk intake by children. Based on the study findings there is need for nutrition interventions that would promote consumption of milk in children.

Keywords: Caregivers., Dairy Households, Milk Consumption, Non-Dairy Households, children

Lead (Pb) Mining in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Implications for Environmental And Human Health Risk. (Published)

Recent cases of lead (Pb) poisoning in Nigeria which has claimed the lives of over 500 children has been traced to mining. Forty soil samples were collected from the vicinity of four mining sites (A – D) scattered across the three senatorial zones of the state.  These samples were sieved to <125 µm particle size fractions and digested using hotplate. Lead levels in these samples were determined using Flame atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (FAAS). The results revealed that the mean concentration of Site A was 7177 mg/kg, Site B = 5051 mg/kg, Site C = 3198 mg/kg and Site D = 7881 mg/kg. These values were compared with soil guideline values (SGVs) from six countries and they were all in excess of the SGVs. It is to be noted that when Pb levels exceed SGVs, it signifies a level of risk to man and his environment.

Keywords: Mining, Soil, children, health risk, lead (Pb)

Legal Protection for All the Children: Dutch-American Comparison of Lesbian and Gay Parent Adoptions (Published)

The purpose of this article is to examine the recent developments concerning same-gender parent adoptions in the Unites States and the Netherlands, comparing the different routes these changes have taken. The first section of the article examines the present status of the case law in both countries. It begins with an analysis of the court decisions in the United States, where case law now makes it legal in numerous states for gays and lesbians to adopt, either as >co-parents= or as >strangers= of the child. The section also includes an analysis of the recent Dutch case before the highest court in the Netherlands, the Hoge Raad, involving a request for a co-parent adoption by two women who were raising their children together as a family. The next section of the article sets out the current status of Dutch law as it affects gay and lesbian co-parents, including present adoption laws, joint parental authority, and registered partnerships. The article=s fourth section examines proposed legislation in the two countries concerning the right of same-gender couples, and homosexuals in general, to adopt. The article then concludes with a comparison and analysis of the Dutch and American legal histories concerning same-gender co-parent adoptions. This section examines the differences in the two countries= legal systems, the social status of homosexuals, the social acceptance of adoption, and each country=s underlying assumptions about family law. The article concludes by pointing out how recognition of same-gender co-parent adoption is in the best interest of the children raised by same-gender couples.

Keywords: Dutch-American Comparison, Gay, Legal Protection, Lesbian, Parent Adoptions, children

Measuring the Role of Peers in Controlling Social Behavior among Students of the Lower Basic Stage in Jordan (Published)

The current study aimed to measure the role of peers in controlling social behavior among students of lower basic stage in Jordan. To achieve the study objectives the researcher applied the descriptive analytical approach. The study sample was made of (100) students of the whole study population (2469). After applying the study tool, the researcher concluded that there is an effective role for peers in controlling social behavior, and that this role is high and of great impact on children’s behavior and raising them up. In the end, the researcher recommended the importance of focusing on providing good environment for children through adopting Islamic education methods

Keywords: Behavior, Peers, children

Psychological and Educational Assessment of Children with Autism at Specialized Education Centers in Riyadh (Published)

The present study aims at identifying the assessment level of psychological and educational performance of children with autism disorder in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the extent of psychological and educational assessment according to dimensions of the psychological and educational assessment measurement prepared for this purpose. The study population consists of children with autism disorder in Saudi Arabia at the age category: (6-12) years. Sample of the study consists deliberately of children from autism centers in Riyadh, which are Prince Faisal’s Mother Centre, Alwaleed Center, Prince Nasser Center, and Riyadh Center. The study sample includes (74) autistic children. The study adopts an analytical descriptive method based on a field study. The tools utilized for data collection are a primary data questionnaire designed by the author and Scale of psychological and educational performance assessment for children with autism. The study resulted that the level of psychological and educational assessment of autistic children is little high. There are statistically significant differences in psychological and educational assessment at the following dimensions: cognitive, social, emotional, and receptive language in favor of 6-9-year children. There are statistically significant differences in psychological and educational assessment of children with autism due to gender. There is correlation between performance measurement of psychological and educational assessment with age, autism degree, and teacher’s experience years.

Keywords: Autism Disorder, Education, Educational Assessment, Psychology, children

School Exclusion: To Exclude Or Not To Exclude? A Critical Consideration of a Range of Perennial Issues (Published)

This paper reviews the notion of school exclusion. The use of narrative, biographical research has been employed to find out the feelings of children who has been excluded from school. Moreover, alternative perspectives were gained as I interviewed staff at the school about the exclusion process. Issues such as why an exclusion may be beneficial and why on the other hand it may not be of benefit will be considered. Logistical issues such as childcare and the holistic wellbeing of students and practitioners will be addressed.

Keywords: Childcare, Range of Perennial Issues, School Exclusion, Student, children

Vision and Mission of Preschool Intervention Programmes For Special Needs Children in Rivers State (Published)

Pre-school growth requires environmental stimulation that is indispensable for the realization of the child’s inherent potential in the case of a child who has a disability such stimulation is even more important and necessary. This fact is amply demonstrated not only in literature but also in everyday experience. Many researchers have found that training plays significant role in many functions in which maturation of the child is of primary importance. This paper supplies some of the environmental nurture (which are both affective and cognitive) believed to lay the foundation for more formal learning at primary, secondary and higher level of education. It discusses the rationale and the need for intervention programmes for handicapped children. The paper deal specifically with the role of nursery education strategies involving professionals, parents and children in the areas of motor training and timing of intervention. It ended with provision of a number of helpful recommendations

 

Keywords: Preschool Intervention Programmes, Rivers State, Special Needs, Vision and Mission, children

Vision and Mission of Preschool Intervention Programmes For Special Needs Children in Rivers State (Published)

Pre-school growth requires environmental stimulation that is indispensable for the realization of the child’s inherent potential in the case of a child who has a disability such stimulation is even more important and necessary. This fact is amply demonstrated not only in literature but also in everyday experience. Many researchers have found that training plays significant role in many functions in which maturation of the child is of primary importance. This paper supplies some of the environmental nurture (which are both affective and cognitive) believed to lay the foundation for more formal learning at primary, secondary and higher level of education. It discusses the rationale and the need for intervention programmes for handicapped children. The paper deal specifically with the role of nursery education strategies involving professionals, parents and children in the areas of motor training and timing of intervention. It ended with provision of a number of helpful recommendations

Keywords: Preschool Intervention Programmes, Rivers State, Special Needs, Vision and Mission, children

Oral Literature as a Spring-Board for Value Inculcation to Children (Published)

It has been observed that societal ills and vices abound in every nooks and crannies of this country and all over the world. The rate at which the youths are involved in immoral behaviour is a thing of concern to everyone. Many people are of the opinion that the disregard for and loss of our rich indigenous cultural values that encourage morality and good behaviour which the children and youths of the past were known for are responsible for these ugly situations in the country today. Many children and youths do not speak their indigenous language (mother tongue) neither do they understand the culture and traditions of their people. This is not surprising as culture and tradition go hand in hand with language. This paper supports that the only way out is for us to return to our cultural tradition which the people of the past used in entertaining and educating their children and youths. The paper is of the view that oral literature (folktale), when used to lay solid foundation in upbringing and education of the youths, will go a long way in inculcating moral values to them. The paper also advises that parents and teachers should serve as the mirror or model through which the children imitate and imbibe the societal values and aid in curbing immoral behaviour in the society. It also aims proffering a teaching model by which Igbo folktale can serve as a tool for inculcating core values to children and youths.

Keywords: Culture, Oral literature, Tradition, children, folktales, value inculcation

Amenability of Psychologically Traumatised Nigerian Youths to Counselling (Published)

The study investigated the level of trauma experienced by Nigeria children and adolescents.  It also examined the challenges being faced by the teaming population of youths that have been traumatized.  The study identified the various traumatic situations prevailing in Nigeria.  Also, it examined the availability and responsiveness of these youths to available Counselling and adequacy of Counselling.  The traumatic experience of youths seems to be accountable for most of the insurgency, terrorism and restiveness pervading entire Nigeria.  This is because there are occurrences such as kidnapping examination malpractices child trafficking bomb explosion, political offences, economic fraud, religious crisis, ritual killings, abduction drunkenness, armed robbery and so on.  All these seem to have defiled all weapons of sanitation in Nigeria. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used for the study after consulting the entire Nigeria population.  Based on the above discovery Nigeria government should consult the genealogy of harmful traumatic occurrences affecting the youths in Nigeria to be able to nip it in the bud.  Curriculum planners should identify incorporate trauma provoking situations into the school curriculum to be taught.  Counsellors and care givers should be trained on how to reduce and counsel traumatized youths.  Trauma centres to provide hospice services should be established by State and Federal Government. The study could be of benefit to school children parents teachers examination bodies counsellors, curriculum planners, religious leaders, school administrators and law enforcement agents.   They would learn, teach, counsel and ameliorate traumatic and trauma provoking situations.

Keywords: Adolescents, Counselling, Therapy, Trauma, Youths, children

The Journey as Structural and Instrumental Technique in Nigerian Children’s Fiction (Published)

One unique feature of Nigerian children’s literature is the exploitation of the framework of journey to establish the relationship between the physical journey and the journey of life. Thus, the major characters in most books for children are always on a journey. This is very significant, as it helps the child brave up for the unpredictability of life, especially at this time when his mind is still impressionistic. Through textual analysis of select Nigerian children’s fiction, this paper reveals that the journey as used in these children’s books does not only serve structural purposes but also didactic and instructional.

Keywords: Fiction, Journey, Life, Literature, Nigeria, Relationship, children

Appraisal of Cultural Vices Affecting Women and Children Human Rights in Nigeria (Published)

The crux of this paper aimed at defining the concept culture and Human Rights, and to large extend analysis the various cultural factors under mining the smooth thriving of women and children rights currently, the cultural factors are, widowhood rites, female genital mutilation, early/forceful marriage, bride price, son preference/female infanticide, levirate marriage, ritual killing, wife beating, inheritance of wife, woman in purdah, on the part of the children are twins killing, child  witchcraft ,child labour, street begging, child trafficking and finally possible solutions to ameliorate such cultural barriers by way of recommendation and conclusion

Keywords: Child Labour, Culture, Human Right, Nigeria, Women, children

APPRAISAL OF CULTURAL VICES AFFECTING WOMEN AND CHILDREN HUMAN RIGHTS IN NIGERIA (Published)

The crux of this paper aimed at defining the concept culture and Human Rights, and to large extend analysis the various cultural factors under mining the smooth thriving of women and children rights currently, the cultural factors are, widowhood rites, female genital mutilation, early/forceful marriage, bride price, son preference/female infanticide, levirate marriage, ritual killing, wife beating, inheritance of wife, woman in purdah, on the part of the children are twins killing, child witchcraft ,child labour, street begging, child trafficking and finally possible solutions to ameliorate such cultural barriers by way of recommendation and conclusion.

Keywords: Cultural Vices, Human Rights Nigeria, Women, children

ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN WITH RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE AT MOI TEACHING AND REFERRAL HOSPITAL (MTRH), ELDORET, KENYA (Published)

This study sought to determine the echocardiographic profile of paediatric patients with RHD at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya. It employed a cross sectional study carried out between October 2009 and October 2010 in the general peadiatric wards, paediatric outpatient clinic and cardiology clinic at the MTRH. The study subjects were children with RHD aged 3 to 15 years, in total, Eighty four children (28 boys and 56 girls) with RHD were enrolled. Consecutive sampling was done. Data was collected in a structured questionnaire and analyzed using Genstat discovery. From the study findings, most new patients presented in NYHA class 3 and 4. Mitral regurgitation alone was the commonest lesion, followed by mitral regurgitation + aortic regurgitation. New patients had echocardiographic evidence of severe valvular disease and complication implying late presentation. Since most of the new patients had severe disease at diagnosis, emphasis should be put on early detection and primary prevention

Keywords: Echocardiographic, children, paediatric, profile