Comparison of Child Abuse Crime in Criminal Systems, Case Study of Iran and International Documents (Published)
In today’s world, the idea of respecting the rights of children and adolescents is seen as a fundamental thought in their upbringing and in their support for the intellectual development of their mental health. Examination of juvenile or juvenile delinquency has shown that in most cases their rights have been impaired during childhood or that they have witnessed one of the psychological and psychological tortures. In the present era of education and reform, if it is taken up by judicial authorities or other support agencies, it is considered a right for them because if a child is misguided, it will certainly at some point in time be a form of inherent law. He has been ignored. Whatever divine religions, especially Islam, call for the inherent rights of a child for a healthy society structure and for the entry of a healthy individual for change and reflection on the health of the community, the Convention on the Rights of the Child has in many cases repeatedly stated the same rights in its articles and in the international community. Has encouraged it to achieve this. Juvenile judges are more concerned with the personality of a child and their educational role than before the task of dealing with socially and delinquent offenses against children and adolescents. The transformationalist view of laws and regulations in international societies and their widespread interpretation in favor of the rights of the child give the promise that the aim is to harmonize world ideas to prevent harm and harm that prevents children from real and legal rights.
Psychological Determinations of Child Abuse among Parents in Kontagora Emirate of Niger State, Nigeria (Published)
The study examined psychological determination of child abuse among parents in Kontagora Emirate of Niger State. A descriptive survey research design was employed. A random sampling technique was used to select subject from the parents and a total of 400 parents were selected for the study. 170 were males, 230 were females, 120 were Christians while 280 were Muslim inclination, 260 were public servants and 140 were self-employed parents. The instrument used for the study was a self-developed structured Psychological Determinant of Child Abuse (PDCA) with reliability index of 0.76. It was revealed that stress, tension, frustration, the child’s behaviour as well as parents’ relationship are factors responsible for child abuse among others. Recommendations were made as to how parents should be taught child and home management techniques and skills.
This study was carried out to examine the relationship between child abuse and aggressive behaviour among secondary school students in Ekiti State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study. The population for this study comprised all public secondary school students in Ekiti State. The sample consisted of 200 students drawn from five secondary schools through simple random sampling. A self- designed questionnaire tagged “Child Abuse and Behavioural Problems Questionnaire” (CABPQ) was used to collect data. Expert judgments were used to ensure face and content validity. Test-retest method was used to determine the reliability and a reliability coefficient of 0.70 was obtained. Data collected were analysed by using frequency counts and percentages for descriptive analysis. The hypothesis was tested by using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The result revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between child abuse and aggressive behaviour among the students. Based on this finding, it was recommended among others, that policy makers in the country should embark on policy actions that would facilitate the prevention of aggressive behaviour and that there should be a regular series of lectures for the students on the topic “Aggressive behaviours and its implications”. Also, it was recommended that regular talks should be given to parents on proper ways of treating one’s child, during Parents Teachers Association (PTA) meetings.
Influence of Gender and Age on Behavioural Problems and Experience of Child Abuse among Secondary School Students (Published)
This study was carried out to examine the influence of gender and age on behavioural problems (aggressive behaviour and truancy) and experience of child abuse among secondary school students. A descriptive research design of survey type was adopted for the study. The population for this study comprised all public secondary school students in Ekiti State. The sample consisted of 200 students drawn from five secondary schools through simple random sampling. A self-designed questionnaire tagged “Child Abuse and Behavioural Problems Questionnaire” (CABPQ) was used to collect data. Expert judgements were used to ensure face and content validity. Test-retest method was used to determine the reliability and a reliability coefficient of 0.70 was obtained. Data collected were analysed by using t-test. The results showed that gender and age do not significantly influence aggressive behaviour and truancy; and also do not influence experience of child abuse among students. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others, that all education stakeholders, particularly the counsellors, should plan intervention programmes to help students who engage in aggressive behaviour and truancy; and students who experience child abuse. The focus of these programmes should be on students of both sexes and students of all ages in the school.
PREVALENCE OF BABY FACTORY IN NIGERIA: AN EMERGENT FORM OF CHILD ABUSE, TRAFFICKING AND MOLESTATION OF WOMEN (Published)
Baby factory which serves as an avenue for human trafficking predisposes women of childbearing-age, expectant mothers and the child to ineffable trauma, violence and abuse. Thus, the aim of this study is to examine the recurrent nature of child abuse and trafficking and molestation of women in Nigeria occurring in those places the media has termed ‘baby factory’ with a view to providing preventative approaches for curbing the menace, using counselling as a tool. The study utilised a descriptive survey in which 800 respondents (teachers and principals) in secondary schools were randomly drawn from 3 south-east states. Data was collected using a 25-item questionnaire (0.85α) constructed on four-point likert-type scale. Result shows that the leading causes of baby factory in Nigeria include poverty, childlessness, lack of ethical behaviour on the part of medical professionals, and greed among others. It further shows that there is no significant difference in the mean responses of teachers and principals on the causes of prevalence of baby factory in Nigeria, F(1, 799) = 16.66, p = .75. Providing preventative counselling, developing positive self image in the youth, and providing family counselling for childless couples by encouraging them to go for proper adoption at the social welfare and to seek advanced medical care were found to be among the major roles guidance counsellors could play in curbing the prevalence of baby factory in Nigeria. The finding also shows that there is no significant difference in the mean responses of teachers and principals on the roles of guidance counsellors in curbing the prevalence of baby factory in Nigeria, F(1, 799) = 4.95, p = .55. The conclusion and recommendations in this article were based on these findings