Tag Archives: cervical cancer

Media Public Enlightenment Programmes on Cervical Cancer and Utilization of Screening Services among Women of Vulnerable-Age Group in Ebonyi State, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated media public enlightenment programmes on cervical cancer and utilization of screening services among women of vulnerable age group in Ebonyi State. Three research questions guided the study which are in line with the research questions. Media no doubt is one of the most suitable medium that can be engaged for the purpose of educating them, thereby ultimately eradicating the menace. This study attempted to find out if women with low level education in semi-urban areas are aware of the disease. Engaging the diffusion of innovation theory and the health belief model for intellectual strength, combined with the multi-stage sampling method under the survey method approach, 300 copies of the questionnaire were administered with 285 returned for analysis.  Findings reveal that media public create awareness on the threat of cervical cancer to a high extent, that cervical cancer messages aired through media publicity have a positive impact to vulnerable women of Ebonyi State to an extent and that the extent of utilization of screening services among women of vulnerable age group in Ebonyi State are to a low extent. The study recommends that governments should always encourage and assist in financing broadcasting organization for effective media enlightenment programmes in the state and government should equipped the needed facilities for cervical cancer screening services for the vulnerable age women.

Citation: Kenneth Adibe Nwafor, Nweze Samuel, Simon Ezaka, Cynthia Chisom Ogah, Chinwe Patience Anyachonkeya, Nwafor, Ezinne Comfort,   Asogwa Joel (2020),   Media Public Enlightenment Programmes on Cervical Cancer and Utilization of Screening Services among Women of Vulnerable-Age Group in Ebonyi State, Nigeria,    International Journal of Cancer, Clinical Inventions and Experimental Oncology, Vol.2, No.1, pp.25-37


Keywords: Enlightenment, Media, Utilization, cervical cancer, vulnerable

Knowledge of Cervical Cancer Prevention and Screening Uptake Among Female Non-Health Care Providers in Two Selected General Hospitals in Lagos State (Published)

Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth of the cells of the cervix which is the lower-most part of the uterus. This cancer can spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.  Therefore, this research was aimed at assessing the knowledge of cervical cancer prevention and screening uptake among female non-health care providers working in various departments in two general hospitals in Lagos. Annually, in Nigeria 14,943 cases of cervical cancer are reported: out of these 10,403 women die leading to 28 deaths daily from cervical cancer. However, this needless death can be prevented if the cases are diagnosed early through the cervical screening, knowledge and uptake. The research adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey. The population comprises of 350 female non-health care providers from two selected general hospitals in Lagos Island. The sample size of 165 was determined using Leslie Kish formula. A self-developed and validated questionnaire was used to collect data. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that 108 (65.5%) of the respondents knew that abnormal vagina bleeding and bleeding after intercourse are symptoms of cervical cancer while 102 (61.8%) showed that having multiple sexual partners is among the factors for acquiring cervical cancer. Furthermore 113 (68.5%) showed that cervical cancer is preventable while 118 (71.5%) believes that regular cervical screening can prevent cervical cancer and 148 (89.7%) were interested in participating in cervical cancer screening. The knowledge and prevention revealed that there was a positive and significant relationship between them. The research concluded that despite the adequate knowledge of cervical cancer screening as reported by the result, the level of screening is still low. It is hereby recommended that female non-health care providers should do cervical cancer screening regularly.

Keywords: Knowledge, Prevention, and screening processes., cervical cancer, female non –health care providers

Awareness and Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Primary Health Care Workers in Ilesa, Osun State (Published)

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cervix which is a cylinder that connects the lower part of a woman’s uterus to her vagina. The study investigated the awareness and utilization of cervical cancer screening services among primary health care workers in Ilesa, Osun state. The study adopted the descriptive cross-sectional research design. The sample size was determined by Taro Yamane, which was 192. Proportionate random sampling technique was used to select female primary healthcare workers. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire which was divided into three sections. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity. Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient for the constructs ranged from 0.72 to 0.85. The descriptive statistics was employed to answer the research questions, while Pearson correlation and chi-square analysis were employed to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings showed that level of awareness and utilisation of cervical cancer screening services was moderate. There was significant relationship between the level of awareness and utilization of cervical screening services among primary health workers (r = .272, p = .000<0.05). Only age (x2 = 25.533, p = .003 < 0.05) and ethnicity (x2 = 18.520, p = .005 < 0.05) were related to level of awareness of cervical screening services while age (x2 = 28.549, p = .000 < 0.05), marital status (x2 = 9.077, p = .011< 0.05), monthly income (x2 = 19.347, p = .000 < 0.05) and educational qualifications (x2 = 51.004, p = .000 < 0.05) were related to level of utilisation of cervical screening services among primary health workers. It was recommended among others that there is need to establish cervical cancer screening education programmes among health care professionals at all levels, especially among nurses.

Keywords: Health Care Workers, Screening, Utilization, awareness, cervical cancer

Knowledge and Attitude of Female Students of Tertiary Institutions in Imo State towards Cervical Cancer and its Screening (Published)

Cervical Cancer which is the second most common cancer in women is largely preventable when detected early. Premalignant form is the earliest stage of cervical cancer can be detected early through effective cervical cancer screening. This work was carried out to ascertain the knowledge and attitude of female students in four tertiary institutions in Imo State towards Cervical Cancer and its Screening. Self-administered closed end structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaires were properly validated. Three hundred and ninety-eight female students in tertiary institutions who were of reproductive age between 16 – 45 years were used as respondents. All completed and returned their questionnaires. These were analysed using simple statistical methods. Result analysis showed that 350 (87.9%) have heard of cervical cancer while 265 (66.6%) have heard of cervical screening. One hundred and eighty-six (47%) were sexually active while 17(4.3%) have done the screening. Three hundred and seventy-two (93.5%) agreed that having multiple sexual partners was a risk factor. Three hundred and eighty-three (96.2%) of the population know that Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the causative agent. The most prevalent reasons for not undertaking the screening were embarrassment 374 (94%) and fear 320 (80.4%). The study has revealed high knowledge of cervical cancer amongst the students but poor attitude towards its screening. Women of reproductive age including students in the tertiary institutions should be enlightened on the need of the routine screening for cervical cancer especially once they become sexually active. This is expected to increase rate of early detection and treatment thereby preventing the heavy economic cost of treating and managing full-blown cervical cancer.

Keywords: Imo State, Knowledge, attitude, cervical cancer, human papilloma virus

Uptake of Cervical Cancer Screening and Associated Factors among Women Attending Selected Government Owned Hospital in Abuja, Nigeria (Published)

Cervical cancer is one of female gynecological cancer that causes high morbidity especially in developing countries. It is a preventable disease that can be identified early through screening but the uptake of screening is low in developing countries, Nigeria inclusive.  This study assessed uptake of cervical cancer screening and associated factors among women attending selected government owned hospital in Abuja, Nigeria. Descriptive research design was employed and simple random technique was used to select 224 respondents. Questionnaire with reliability index of 0.737 was used as instrument for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS package. Descriptive statistics of frequencies and percentages was used and results were presented in tables. The outcome of the study shows that 93.8% of the respondents have heard about cervical cancer preventive strategies and only 45.1% had utilized it. The factors identified to influence the uptake of cervical cancer screening services in this study were knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer screening services, affordability, fear of having a positive result, women’s level of education, non recommendation of screening by health workers and accessibility of Hospitals for screening. It is therefore recommended that cervical cancer screening should be made accessible and affordable. Women should be educated on the importance of screening and not to be afraid of positive results.

Keywords: Uptake, Women, cancer screening, cervical cancer