Tag Archives: Causes

Causes of Academic Poor Performance among Omani Students (Published)

Nowadays, poor academic performance is among the main concerns of teachers, syllabus designers, curriculum developers and the whole educational body. The issue becomes worse in non-English speaking countries where the medium of instruction at colleges/ universities is English but students are exposed to English for a limited number of hours before beginning their study at college/university. To answer the question ‘what are the causal factors that affect students’ poor performances in non-English speaking countries like Oman? 151 essays written by students at post foundation level in Salalah College of Technology were examined carefully. The factors involved in students’ low academic achievements categorized into four macro groups; student-related factors, teacher- related factors, family- related factors and some other factors such as marriage, health problem, toxic friendships and transportation problem. The findings show that while student-related factors have the highest impact on students’ performance, teacher-related factors had the lowest effect.

Keywords: Causes, Family-related factors, Poor performance, Teacher-related factors, student-related factors

The Nature and Causes of Indiscipline Cases among Public Secondary School Students in Thika Sub-County, Kiambu County, Kenya (Published)

For a long time now, Kenya has continued to record increasingly disruptive cases of indiscipline among students in public schools. In response to this menace, the Kenya government has usually set up committees to investigate the root causes of and recommend concrete solutions to student indiscipline in schools. Despite many recommendations and subsequent actions by educational stakeholders, the problem of student indiscipline in, especially, Kenyan public secondary schools just seems unable to go away. Therefore, this paper attempts to understand how teachers, students and principals identify and deal with indiscipline cases in their schools so as to make recommendations that could work for every other public school. The paper is based on a case study that investigated the constraints to the development of an effective discipline culture among public secondary schools in Thika District of Kenya. The study employed a survey research design targeting a population of 144 secondary schools, all the accessible students enrolled in these schools, all the 1,753 teachers and all the 144 principals from the 144 schools. The author purposely selected 6 public secondary schools. Data for the study was collected using questionnaires administered to principals, teachers and students and the collected data was analysed descriptively. Based on the research findings, the common cases of indiscipline are: noise making, bullying, fighting, failing to complete assignments, drug abuse, sexual deviance, sneaking out of school, stealing other students’ property and general defiance of school authority and rules. The principals, teachers and students all believe that indiscipline in school can be eradicated. According to them, schools can instil a discipline culture on students through guidance and counselling, involvement of parents in dealing with issues of student behaviour, teachers closely supervising assignments and helping learners to complete difficult tasks, strengthening of peer counselling and meting out punishment against unruly students. The study recommends the need to effectively use available means of communication in schools. Students should be encouraged to express themselves through the proper channels rather than resorting to indiscipline.

Keywords: Causes, Indiscipline Cases, Kenya, Public Secondary Schools, Thika

The Evil that Men Do in Academics: Understanding Plagiarism and Its Extenuating Circumstances (Published)

This study was premised to explore the causes of plagiarism and its extenuating circumstances in Higher Educational Institutions in Ghana. The study focused on Tertiary Students in the Kumasi and Sunyani Metropolis and Municipality respectively, 200 students were selected deploying a cluster sampling technique. The underpinning research paradigm was a cross sectional descriptive survey. Questionnaires were the main instrument used in eliciting primary data for the study. Secondary data were obtained from academic journals databases including EBSCO, and Google Scholar. The analyses were presented using Means, Standard Deviations, Unweighted Means, Relative Important Index (RII), Frequencies and Percentages. The study discovered the causes of student’s plagiarism as follows; poor writing skills, to obtain better marks, poor understanding of plagiarism, cost of quality education materials, Pressure from family and friends to offer help. The plagiarism extenuating factors were also discovered as follows; educate students on writing methods, assign different questions to different individuals, give tests quizzes or assignments more, assigning more in-class activities, not allowing students make up tests, rotate curriculum and trust building. It is recommended that deploying plagiarism detective software under covert study will help understand the causal factors better in order to inoculate student’s plagiarism effectively. 

Keywords: Causes, Extenuating Circumstance, Ghana, Higher Education, Plagiarism

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF LABOR UNREST IN JUTE MILLS OF KHULNA DIVISION IN BANGLADESH: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY (Published)

Bangladesh is eminent for jute production and earned a big amount of foreign currency by exporting jute and jute products but the jute industry of Bangladesh has been in continuous problems. Among them one of the major problems is labors unrest. This research is about the causes and consequences of labor unrest in Jute mills. Study looking at the major causes and consequences of labor unrest in jute mills in the light of socio-economic framework, looking at the irregularities and mismanagement of the mill authorities, and also tried to look at the current situation of trade union in jute mills. A huge number of people are working in the jute mills in our country that are mostly from lower income group. They are leading a miserable life because of their insufficient wages and other facilities. They have faced serious problems to maintain their family with this little income. In this regard the study tried to explore the socio-economic conditions of the workers. The study was conducted in some selected jute mills of Khulna division. The study has been conducted mainly in quantitative method and followed an interview schedule for collecting the data. 306 samples were selected purposively. Semi-structured questionnaire was used for conducting interview. Study found most of the workers are agitate because of dissatisfaction on salary, fringe benefits and working condition and outcome is unexpected mainly low productivity and frequent change of trade union leadership.

Keywords: Causes, Consequences, Labor, Social and Economical Impact, Unrest

Causes and Consequences of Labour Unrest in Jute Mills of Khulna Division in Bangladesh: An Empirical Study (Published)

Bangladesh is eminent for jute production and earned a big amount of foreign currency by exporting jute and jute products but the jute industry of Bangladesh has been in continuous problems. Among them one of the major problems is labors unrest. This research is about the causes and consequences of labor unrest in Jute mills. Study looking at the major causes and consequences of labor unrest in jute mills in the light of socio-economic framework, looking at the irregularities and mismanagement of the mill authorities, and also tried to look at the current situation of trade union in jute mills. A huge number of people are working in the jute mills in our country that are mostly from lower income group. They are leading a miserable life because of their insufficient wages and other facilities. They have faced serious problems to maintain their family with this little income. In this regard the study tried to explore the socio-economic conditions of the workers. The study was conducted in some selected jute mills of Khulna division. The study has been conducted mainly in quantitative method and followed an interview schedule for collecting the data. 306 samples were selected purposively. Semi-structured questionnaire was used for conducting interview. Study found most of the workers are agitate because of dissatisfaction on salary, fringe benefits and working condition and outcome is unexpected mainly low productivity and frequent change of trade union leadership.

Keywords: Causes, Consequences, Labor, Social and Economical Impact, Unrest