Tag Archives: Cause And Effect

Using Raft Strategy to Improve EFL Learners’ Writing Competency in Paragraph Writing Course at the University Of Hail-KSA (Published)

Teaching writing in English  for University students needs to be improved from time to time through creative ways. To develop writing skills, learners should follow the process of learning of how to get ideas, how to put these ideas together, how to organize them on paper, and finally how to refine them into a good cohesive piece of writing. This research aimed to find out how the implementation of RAFT (Role, Audience, Format and Topic) strategy enhanced learners’ writing competency in: argumentative, descriptive, comparison – contrast, and cause – effect types of paragraphs. T-test analysis results showed that there were significant differences in students’ writing competency between the two groups in favor of the experimental. In spite of the fact that the effect of RAFT strategy was not very high, it was recommended that English teachers who have similar problems in the classroom to apply RAFT strategy in their writing class

Keywords: Argumentative, Cause And Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Descriptive, RAFT

Language Acquisition: From Language Instances to Relations of Ideas (Published)

This paper addresses the issue of how people derive relational/grammatical knowledge of language from experience of language instances. The argument of the paper is framed through discussion of Hume’s theory of human understanding. Hume classified human knowledge into two kinds: relations of ideas and matters of fact, and the knowledge of language is also viewed from this theoretical perspective. Chomsky’s theory of linguistic competence is nothing but the knowledge of the relations of ideas intended to express in the process of communication through conventional language forms. The relations of ideas are verbalized and conventionalized in a particular language as the grammar or language structures. The native speaker’s knowledge of these relations of ideas derives from his experience of instances of language in use. The mechanisms of the mental operation of transformation from knowledge of language instances to knowledge of grammatical conventions reflecting the relations of ideas in communication are cause and effect, and similarity.

Keywords: Cause And Effect, Hume, Language Acquisition, Language Instance, Relations Of Ideas, Similarity