The Self-Perceived Health of Caribbeans Within and Outside the Region: Examining the Influence of Social Factors, Sources of Stress, and Health-Related Conditions (Published)
Studies have recognized cross-contextual differences in health between domestic and migrant groups. This study examined the self-perceived health of Caribbeans within and outside the region—”Caribbean Diaspora”. Population-based samples of Caribbean people collected in the United States, Guyana, and Jamaica were analyzed. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression analytic procedures were used to explore the influences of self-rated physical health. Differences and similarities in health outcomes were found between Caribbeans residing both within and outside the region. The health of Caribbeans generally deteriorate with age. Sources of stress, including discrimination and neighborhood violence, were associated with self-rated fair or poor health. Depression and hypertension also contributed to individuals’ assessment of their health. The study provides evidence of the need to explore other influences of health among Caribbean Diaspora populations, including sources of stress that are generally discussed but underexplored in empirical studies.