Rural Strategies for Flood Resilience: Analysis of Community Actions in Narayani River Basin, Nepal (Published)
In the context of Nepal, the most devastating disaster is flood in terms of the number of human causalities, livestock, livelihoods losses and damages. There are structural, soft structural, and nonstructural methods to reduce flood risks. In addition to these methods, there are also community actions being used for several years in the rural communities to mitigate, respond, and recover from the impacts of floods. The main objective of the research is to present an analysis of such community actions in the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) cycle, livelihood capitals, and Early Warning System (EWS) and then to summarize the conclusion. Accordingly, research was carried out in two communities, Kudiya and Paklihawa of Narayani river basin at Susta Rural Municipality, Nawalparashi-west, Nepal. The paper illustrates overall rural strategies adopted by community people to cope, withstand, and recover from the impacts of flood. The paper also includes an effective and efficient holistic approach to explain community-level empirical evidence. The paper illustrates the overall findings about community actions contributing to flooding resilience and these empirical evidences are found relevant, realistic, practical, and durable solutions in reducing the flood risks in the rural context of Nepal.
Resilience measurement is burning discourse these days for most of the international humanitarian and development works. Building resilience is important aspect for sustainability and ownership of a particular community for any development programing; and similarly measuring the resilience is crucial to showcase the evidence of change in the development works. There is growing need to invest in its measurement approach that enhance the resilience-especially related to the flood. The main objective of this research is to identify the factors, which contribute to the flood resilience measurement that explains community-level empirical evidence. Accordingly, research was done in two communities of Narayani river basins at Susta Rural Municipality, Nawalparashi-west, Nepal. The paper illustrates overall findings include factors contributing to the flood resilience measurement and how these factors are categorized and mapped out in the flood resilience measurement in general. The factors associated with livelihood capitals, resilience properties, and the DRR cycle have a great impact than others in community resilience. The paper also highlights comparative analysis on one community to another and one factor to another and presents process-oriented community actions and empirical evidence from the research findings that contribute to flood resilience measurement.