Tag Archives: Capital market

Monetary Policy and the Performance of Nigeria Capital Market: A Time Variant Analysis (Published)

This study examined the relationship between monetary policy and the performance of the Nigerian capital market using annual time series data sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin. The objective was to examine the long and short run relationship that exists between monetary policy variables and the performance of Nigerian capital market. Market capitalization and market turnover was modeled as the function of interest rate, exchange rate, monetary aggregates, monetary policy rate and treasury bill rate. The study applied the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression technique and causality, unit root, cointegration, vector error correction estimates. Findings revealed that interest rate, exchange rate monetary aggregate and monetary policy rate have positive and significant relationship with market capitalization but treasury bill rate have negative and significant relationship with market capitalization. Monetary policy rate, monetary aggregate and exchange rate have positive relationship with market turnover while Treasury bill rate and interest rate have negative and significant relationship with market turnover. The unit root test found the variables stationary at first difference, the cointergration test validates the presence of long run relationship, the granger causality test proved unidirectional causality while the vector error   correction estimates justified adequate speed of adjustment. The study concludes that monetary policy has significant relationship with performance of Nigeria capital market. We recommend that the monetary authorities should ensure effect monetary policy transmission mechanism that will enhance the performance of the capital market.

Keywords: Capital market, Exchange Rate, Monetary Policy, Time Series Monetary Policy Rate

Analysis of Decision Making Investment Stock Using Analysis Hierarchy Process (Ahp) (Published)

The capital market is one of the means for the company in improving the lon term funding needs, capital markets also have linkages with the financial services sector, both on the level of domestic, regional and international level. This research aims to see how alternative strategies should be taken by investors to the stock investment decisions, so that the benefit is expected. This research using methods of Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP) to be able to determine which alternative strategies can be made by investors to invest in shares. Results of the study showed that the highest priority that can be taken that is investors should behave rationally with priority registration (70.6%), the second priority is the investor being intuition with priority registration (15.3%) and the third priority is the investors behave in emotional with priority registration (14.1%).

Keywords: Alternative Strategies, Analysis Hirerarchy Process (AHP), Capital market, Investors, Stock Price

Real Estate Investment Trusts (Reits) And Mortgage Backed Securities (Mbs) As Emerging Trends For Financing Real Estate Development In The Nigerian Capital Market (Published)

Before now, real estate was regarded as a very cumbersome investment media to venture into. This was largely due to the huge financial outlay required for real property projects, which were often difficult to raise and as such, only the few privileged elite invested in real estate. However, of recent, real estate investment is now securitized (that is, sold as securities in the capital market), thus making it easier for the average investor to engage in. This paper studies the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) and Mortgage Backed Securities (MBS) as new channels of harnessing finance for real estate development and the effectiveness of securitization in the Nigerian real estate sector.

Keywords: Capital market, Finance, Investment, Mortgage Backed Securities, Real Estate, Real Estate Investment Trust, and Securitization.

An Assessment of the Factors That Affect the Financial Performance of the Cross-Listed Companies in the Rwanda Stock Exchange (Published)

This research study entitled An Assessment of the Factors that Affect the Financial Performance of the Cross-Listed Companies in the Rwanda Stock Exchange aimed at assessing the factors that affect the financial performance of the cross listed companies on the RSE. As a guidance, the research examined the relationship between the level of awareness of the market by the public and the financial performance of cross-listed companies in RSE, assessed how the regulation framework affect the financial performance of the cross-listed companies on the RSE feature, and finally determined how technology affects the performance of cross-listed companies. The companies under consideration were the primary stakeholder of the RSE totalling to 14 firms which included Capital Market Authority, Rwanda Stock Exchange, the 9 brokerage firms and the 3 cross listed firms in the RSE employing 97 workers. Through a descriptive survey design, a sample size of 67 participants were selected from the 97 workers and 100 other informants identified purposively and their responses to various data collection tools particularly questionnaires and interview guides captured for analysis. The data were analysed through Hermeneutics, Thematic analysis, and Multiple Regression techniques to answer the questions that the research ventured out to investigate. The result of the analysis showed that there was a negative correlation between awareness and financial performance of the firms, regulation framework was positive and significant with r (67) = .684, P = .037, while technology correlated with r = .506, p = .094. Market capitalization of the domestic companies was larger than that of cross-listed, and return on equity of the domestic firms was better than for the cross-listed companies. Generally the cross-listed companies did not perform any better than the domestic firms though overall the public awareness, technology and regulation framework positively correlated with financial performance of the cross-listed firms. The recommendation is that more awareness strategy needed to be devised so as to increase public awareness of investors and cross-listing companies need to be motivated by other factors other than making profits when choosing.

Keywords: Capital market, Financial Performance, Market Capitalization, Rwanda, profit, stock exchange

REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT Trusts (Reits) AND MORTGAGE BACKED SECURITIES (MBS) AS EMERGING TRENDS FOR FINANCING REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT IN THE NIGERIAN CAPITAL MARKET (Published)

Before now, real estate was regarded as a very cumbersome investment media to venture into. This was largely due to the huge financial outlay required for real property projects, which were often difficult to raise and as such, only the few privileged elite invested in real estate. However, of recent, real estate investment is now securitized (that is, sold as securities in the capital market), thus making it easier for the average investor to engage in. This paper studies the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) and Mortgage Backed Securities (MBS) as new channels of harnessing finance for real estate development and the effectiveness of securitization in the Nigerian real estate sector.

Keywords: Capital market, Finance, Investment, Mortgage Backed Securities, Real Estate, Real Estate Investment Trust, and Securitization.

CAPITAL MARKET AND INDUSTRIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA- AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION (Published)

This study examined the relationship between capital market and industrial sector development in Nigeria, utilizing annual time series data covering the period from 1980 to 2012. The study adopted both descriptive and analytical methodology in its investigation. The descriptive methods were used to analyze trend performances of the variables captured in the study. The analytical methodology employed modern econometric techniques such as the unit root test, co-integration test, granger causality test and the error correction mechanism (ECM) in the estimation of the relevant relationships. The results of the co-integration test showed that there existed a long run equilibrium relationship among the variables. The results of the granger causality test as presented showed that there is a bi-directional relationship between industrial output and market capitalization and between industrial output and number of deals, but a unidirectional causality relationship running from industrial sector development to value of transaction. The results of the short run dynamics revealed that capital market has positive and significant impact on industrial output in Nigeria via market capitalization and number of deals. On the other hand, value of transaction has negative and significant impact on industrial output in Nigeria during the evaluation period. The results also showed that real gross domestic product has a positive and significant impact on industrial output in Nigeria, while exchange rate and gross domestic investment have negative and significant relationship with industrial output in Nigeria. The study therefore recommended that the government should implement appropriate reform policies aimed at ensuring efficiency in the workings of the stock market in Nigeria. Also, there is need to reduce the cost of raising capital by firms on the stock as high cost and other bureaucratic delays could limited the use of capital market as veritable source of raising funds for investment.

Keywords: Capital market, Industrial Development, Nigeria

IMPACT OF THE NIGERIAN CAPITAL MARKET ON THE ECONOMY (Published)

There are elements upon which a nations’ economic development are dependent. The importance of Capital Market as one of the vehicles upon which most under-developed economies could grow cannot be overemphasized. The extent to which these economies experience the said growth is quite relative to the level of awareness and management of the market. Nigeria is not left out in the desire to maximize the gains of the capital market to boost its economy. This paper empirically examines the impact of the Nigerian Capital Market on the Nigerian economy looking at a 20 years period from 1992 to 2011. The Nigerian Capital Market was proxy as Market Capitalization against some variables of the economy such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Foreign Direct Investment, Inflation Rates, Total New Issues, Value of Transaction and Total Listing. Using the multiple regression analysis, we find that Capital Market has an insignificant impact on the Economy within the period under review. The study therefore advised that policies and measures that would boost investors’ confidence should be enshrined in the running of Nigerian Capital Market so that it could contribute significantly to the growth of Nigerian economy noting that all elements of the market are essential ingredients to the development of a nation.

Keywords: Capital market, Foreign Direct Investment, GDP, Inflation Rate, Total new issues, Value of Transaction, and Total listing

CAPITAL MARKET ACTIVITIES AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA: FURTHER EVIDENCE FROM VAR METHODOLOGY (Published)

This study further investigates the impact of capital market activities on economic growth in Nigeria using vector autoregressive (VAR) methodology. Capital market as a mechanism for economic development aids to provide alternative long term finance in the face of high cost of fund. While this crucial role has been over-emphasized by different scholars, but no attempt have been made to embark on a rigorous analysis, particularly, to demonstrate the feedback effect among variables included in a model explaining the relationship between capital market activities and economic growth. In order to address this problem, the study adopts VAR analysis. The investigation reveals that increase in capital market activities contributed significantly to economic growth. Also, the findings show that there is a long-run relationship between economic growth and capital market activities. The model proved to possess strong predictive ability using the values of mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean squares error (RMSE). The paper concluded that, economic growth could be enhanced by focusing on the salient capital market variables with appropriate policies and efficient infrastructural development

Keywords: Capital market, Co-integration and VAR, Unit roots, economic growth

Capital Market Activities and Economic Growth in Nigeria: Further Evidence from VAR Methodology (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study further investigates the impact of capital market activities on economic growth in Nigeria using vector autoregressive (VAR) methodology. Capital market as a mechanism for economic development aids to provide alternative long term finance in the face of high cost of fund. While this crucial role has been over-emphasized by different scholars, but no attempt have been made to embark on a rigorous analysis, particularly, to demonstrate the feedback effect among variables included in a model explaining the relationship between capital market activities and economic growth. In order to address this problem, the study adopts VAR analysis. The investigation reveals that increase in capital market activities contributed significantly to economic growth. Also, the findings show that there is a long-run relationship between economic growth and capital market activities. The model proved to possess strong predictive ability using the values of mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean squares error (RMSE). The paper concluded that, economic growth could be enhanced by focusing on the salient capital market variables with appropriate policies and efficient infrastructural development.

Keywords: Capital market, Co-integration and VAR, Unit roots, economic growth