Operational Risk Management and Financial Stability of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria (Published)
The series of financial crisis that have been experienced in both the developed and developing countries showed the importance of having well-functioning financial systems as financial crises directly affect the health of a country’s economy. Many banks had collapsed or experienced serious financial constraints both in Nigeria and the rest of the world due to their continuous exposure to severe operational risk events and fraudulent actions and these have continued to be major threat to the banks. This study investigated the effect of operational risk management on financial stability of deposit money banks in NigeriaThe study employed ex-post facto research design. The population comprised twenty-two licensed deposit money banks in Nigeria as at September 30th, 2018. A total sample of eleven deposit money banks were selected using convenient sampling method and data covering 2009 to 2018 were sourced from the audited and published financial statements of these sampled deposit money banks. Certification of the financial statements by external auditors and regulators and the approval by the board of directors confirm the reliability of the data. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.The results showed that operational risk management had negative significant relationship with financial stability of the selected banks in Nigeria (F(3,106)= 24.46, Adj. R2= 0.4091, p < 0.05). Specifically, Non-performing loan to total loan ratio, cost to income ratio and total loan and advances to total deposit ratio have significant relationship on the variables of financial stability of deposit money banks in Nigeria proxied by Capital Adequacy Ratio (F(3,106)= 18.23, Adj. R2= 0.316, p < 0.05), Return on Equity (F(3,106)= 22.52, Adj. R2= 0.389, p < 0.05) and Liquidity Ratio (F(3,106)= 22.45, Adj. R2= 0.389, p < 0.05)The study concluded that operational risk management influences the financial stability of selected deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study recommended, among others, that banks should improve their operational risk management practices and policies in order to maintain sound capital adequacy and sustainable financial stability.
The Effects of Non Performing Loan,Capital Adequacy Ratio, and Third Party Funds on the Credit Distribution of Comercial Banks Listed in the Indonesia (Published)
This research aims to determine the effect of non-performing loans, capital adequacy ratios and third party funds on loan credit distribution. The objects of the research are non-performing loans, capital adequacy ratios, third party funds, and credit distribution. The subjects of the research are the financial Services sub- sector companies (banks) that are listedin the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) inthe periods of 2015-2017. The research uses secondary data with quantitative verification method. The samples of the research are 7 companies (111 observations). The hypothesis Tests are carried out by the method of multiple linear regression analysis. The results shows that simultaneously and partially, non-performing loans , capital adequacy ratios , and third-party funds have effects on credit distribution. Banking companies can reduce non-performing loans, also maintain or increase capital they own so that the operational activities in credit distribution can be optimally carried out. Further research is recommended to use more populations as well as longer periods in order to provide better results.
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of credit risk on the financial performance of commercial banks in Nepal. The balance panel data of ten commercial banks with 160 observations for the period of 2001 to 2016 have been used for the analysis. The regression results revealed that capital adequacy ratio (CAR), non-performing loan ratio (NPLR), and management quality ratio (MQR) have significant relationship with the financial performance (ROA) of the commercial banks in Nepal. Similarly, credit to deposit ratio (CDR) and risk sensitivity (RS) have no significant impact on the financial performance of the commercial banks in Nepal.
This study aims to derive determinants of loan loss provisions (LLPs) of commercial banks in Nepal using pooled data of ten commercial banks with the 50 observations over the period of 2012/13 to 2016/17. The descriptive and causal comparative research designs have been adopted for the study. The need for this research is due to failures in the loan loss provisioning practices which resulted in loan loss provisions (LLP) not reflecting on collectability of the defaulted loans. As a consequence, the banks do not capture their loss expectations and do not continuously reassess their loss expectations as the conditions affecting their borrowers may change. The study has been used loan loss provision on total assets as dependent variables and natural logarithm of total assets, total loan to total assets ratio, nonperforming loan to total assets ratio, earnings before taxes and provisions to total assets, capital adequacy ratio, loan to deposit ratio taken as independent variables. The estimated regression model reveals that nonperforming loan ratio (NPL) and loan to deposit ratio are significant positive impact of loan loss provisions. This study concluded that nonperforming loan ratio (NPL) and loan to deposit ratio are the mainly determinants of loan loss provisions of commercial banks in Nepal.
The Influence of Capital Adequacy Ratio on the Financial Performance of Second-Tier Commercial Banks in Kenya (Published)
Performance of most mid-tier commercial banks in Kenya has been fluctuating over the past few years. Meanwhile, some of them continue to post impressive results as majority report losses and others merge in order to remain sustainable. This situation points to financial performance affecting the mid-tier commercial banks in Kenya. The government, through the Central Bank of Kenya, introduced prudential regulations aimed at bringing sanity in the banking industry. This move led to closure of Dubai Bank and Imperial Bank while Chase Bank went under statutory management awaiting new investors. From this, an investigation was done on how Central Bank regulations influenced financial performance of second-tier commercial banks in Kenya. Based on the study, this paper explores how capital adequacy ratio influences financial performance of commercial banks in Kenya. The study was purely quantitative research and, therefore, correlation research design and descriptive research designs were used. The study was conducted in 14 second tier commercial banks in Kenya. It collected financial data from 2013 to 2016, considering that the regulations came into effect in 2013 from CBK and commercial banks websites. The data was sourced from Central Bank of Kenya after getting permission and approval from National Commission for Science, Technology and Innovation (NACOSTI). Data collected was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Multiple Regression Analysis was used to test the study research hypothesis. Findings were presented through tabulations and graphical illustrations. Computed correlation showed that capital adequacy ratio had significant strong positive relationship (p<0.05) with financial performance of mid-tier commercial banks. In conclusion, it was found that capital adequacy ratio is among the main predictors of mid-tier commercial banks’ financial performance. It was therefore recommended that CBK needs to regularly monitor commercial banks by ensuring that they publish their quarterly results to the public. The investment regulators in the country such as the Capital Markets Authority (CMA), Kenya Banker Association (KBA) and Central bank of Kenya can use these study findings to understand the bottom line impact of bank regulatory requirements and in understanding banks decision on to its customers.