Small scale enterprises (SMEs) represent the largest proportion of the manufacturing sector in every country. Small-scale enterprises are important for modern economy and it is widely recognized that they contribute to employment growth. Since business establishments are human organizations, people are very essential in its existence and success. In spite of the efforts being made by the Nigerian Government to improve the quality through the capacity development of human resource for effective management and instructional task performance, the quality of performance in the small and medium scale business is still relatively challenging. This study adopted survey design because it provides the opportunity to describe the variables through the collection of primary data with the use of structured questionnaire. The population of this research is 5,200 employees of national, state and unit SMEs located across Lagos State, Nigeria. The sample frame from which employees of SMEs from the five geo-political zones in Lagos State (Badagry, Mainland, Epe, Island, and Ikorodu) were selected regardless of their location in the State. This research work considered all participating SMEs in Lagos State. Senior and junior staff of participating SMEs were selected within the framework and a total of one thousand five hundred (1500) respondents were used. A self-constructed and validated instrument titled, Human Resource Management Practices and Small Medium Enterprise Questionnaire (HRMSMEQ). This was validated and a reliability test was performed, and the Cronbach’s alpha for the whole instrument is 0.79. The result showed that the questionnaire has a high level of reliability. The results of the findings revealed that human resource recruitment and selection practices have significant effects on employees’ in SMEs in Lagos State. This is further shown by F = 165740.14 and t = 122.24 with p<0.05. Also, there is a weak positive relationship between motivation, remuneration and business success commitment in the SMEs in Lagos State. The result shows that as motivation and remuneration increases so do business successes in the SMEs. The study concludes human resource development is very vital to any organisations ranging from small to large scale enterprise since it is well known that no business can exist entirely without human being. From the findings it is recommended that, SMEs business should have clearly defined recruitment policies which are consistent with the prevailing law, and there should be consistency in training activities, the owners of SMEs business should ensure that training offered to employees is relevant to their needs. For this reason, appropriate machinery should be put in place to conduct regular skills gap analysis to identify the training needs of their employees. Human resource management practices play a key role in affecting Labour productivity.
Capacity Building and Employee Productivity in the Nigeria Public Sector: A Study of Anambra State Civil Service Commission, Awka (Published)
The level of low productivity among workers especially in the public sector has left much to be desired training and development of employees have been championed as a remedy to this malaise. However, the paper examines the extent to which capacity building enhances the quality of service delivery in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka and to identify the factors that have been militating against capacity building of employees in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka. The survey design was adopted to guide the investigation. The population of the study is 280. The theoretical framework adopted was Organizational Development theory that was propounded by Kurt Lewin in 1950. The researcher used chi-square for testing the hypotheses. Moreover, the major findings of the study were that capacity building enhances the quality of service delivery in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka and that lack of training, insufficient fund and lack of modern technologies are the major factors militating against capacity building of employees in the Anambra State civil service commission, Awka. The major recommendation was that government should make policy that will encourage continuous staff training and development of its workers so that the potentials of the employees would be adequately harnessed.
The purpose of this study is to comprehensively within the allowable space formulate a weighty discourse regarding capacity building as it relates to inclusive development in Humanities, particularly in philosophy. This will include making conceptual clarifications in Philosophy, capacity building, and Inclusive development, as well as showing the inter-connectedness amongst the concept in line with the topic of this study. This study in order to attain the highlighted purposes above will apply a non-empirical methodology which will allow the research to flow from the angle of peer review of journals and gathering of data and information from existing works of literature wherein the concepts in this study have been discussed. This study finds that the inclusive development in humanities with specific attention to philosophy touches on all facets of life and particularly the wholeness of man. When one speaks of inclusive development concerning philosophy, there are factors which are brought to limelight, the issue being whether there is a capacity building for such factors to thrive if there is no capacity building, how there be a capacity building for inclusive development in humanities (philosophy). The study also found the co-existence amongst philosophy, inclusive development and capacity building. This study is not an outcome of coincidence; the study is well thought, which therefore means that the study has a unique contribution to theory, practice and policy. In this regard the study makes the extra-ordinary effort to research and form a discourse concerning the capacity building for inclusive development in humanities (philosophy); which is a new area in research studies, as there are few or no existing works of literature holistically capturing the concepts in this study in a single study
This study has given much consideration and concern to overview the current developmental situation in South Sudan during 2005-2015. Despite the efforts that have been made for economic development during the period the result did not fulfil the objectives of outset sustainable economic development of the country. Therefore, the basic question of this study that needs to be answered is that why economic development programmes did not succeed during the period 2005-2015? While significant bilateral and multilateral developmental assistance have been donated to the region since the signing of Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005; in addition huge financial resources were generated from oil revenues. The key objective of the study is to highlight the role of economic planning as one of the important tools in economic development. The study has relied on combine methodology that comprises from quantitative and qualitative methods for data collection and analysis. The logic behind this combined methodology is to minimize various defects of each method in data analysis. Different techniques have been used in data collection, among them close-ended questionnaire, focus group discussion, and interview technique. In data analysis, descriptive statistics particularly the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) have been used as a tool to obtain logical and precise results and conclusions. The most obvious results of this study are that scientific and innovative researching can enhance economic growth and development since it could provide the needed information for development; diversification of economic and financial resources through economic integration and sound allocation of economic and human resources can improve the condition of financial resources to finance development. The extreme poverty levels could be reduced through elimination of unemployment and underemployment and creation of job opportunities and social security programmes to sustain and reduce families’ vulnerability; the government of South Sudan expected to pursue powerful policies, strategies and plans to successfully mobilize new private and public investments from local and international financial markets; and to have sound resources management towards fulfilling the desirable sustainable development of the country.
Perceptions of Academic Staff Members on Factors of Capacity Building in Ghanaian Polytechnics (Published)
This article, which reports on a doctoral research project, explores the perceptions of academic staff on factors of capacity building with special reference to Ghanaian polytechnics, where the institutions are facing unprecedented capacity building challenges. A convenience sample of 1026 academic staff members were drawn from a population of 2575 permanent lecturers in the ten polytechnics. Data were collected through a questionnaire constructed by the researchers. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis with the use of descriptive statistics, ANOVA and Population t-test. The study found that the factors that affect capacity building of academic staff include institutional training and development; performance and professional development; academic competence; and learning and developmental environment. The study further identified some capacity building gaps in the polytechnics. However, there is no significant difference between male and female lecturers’ perception on capacity building in the polytechnics. Lecturers’ perception on capacity building is also significantly high with respect to the identified factors and that significant differences exist between the demographic (designation) groups and the identified factors. The study concludes that building the capacity of academic staff is critical to successful teaching and learning and that capacity building should be the starting point for the on-going transformation in Ghanaian polytechnics. It therefore recommends that policy makers in Ghana be urgently spurred into devising important strategies that would proactively respond to the current capacity-building challenges in the institutions. Moving forward, a context-responsive areas of strategic intervention vis à vis capacity building of academic staff are proposed.
The Impacts of Cabotage Law Implementation on Nigeria’s Indigenous Shipping Industry: A Study of the Onne Sea Port, Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)
This study examined the level of indigenous participation in shipping-related businesses in Onne Sea Port, Port Harcourt, owing to the implementation of the Cabotage Law. A Principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted on 67 items from 450 questionnaires administered with a success rate of 89.3 using orthogonal rotation. The Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin measure verified the sampling adequacy for the analysis, KMO = .771, and all KMO values for individual items were greater than .51, which is slightly above the acceptable limit of .5. Bartlett’s test of sphericity χ² (2211) = 2.480, p < .001, indicated that correlations between items were sufficiently large for PCA. An initial analysis was carried out to obtain eigenvalues for each component in the data. Seventeen components had eigenvalues over Kaiser’s criterion of 1 and in combination explained 75.65 per cent of the variance. Various levels of impact of the Cabotage law on SMEs and indigenous ship building technology has been examined. Multiple regression analysis confirmed that Cabotage regime has significant impact on the number of indigenous vessels through a combined effect of six variables (R² = 0.05, F(6, 395) = 4.501, p < .005). The study recommended human capital development as a vital and indispensable element of Cabotage Law implementation in Nigeria.
Enhancing Effective Financial Planning Through a Robust Capacity Building Techniques for Entrepreneurial Growth in Nigeria (Published)
The study sets out to examine the extent to which capacity building creates awareness to the entrepreneurs in planning their business finance. It has been established that if the entrepreneurs are educational astute, they will take advantages of windows opening for them to tap. Expost-facto research design was applied in determining the population. The sample was obtained with the application of Taro Yamani principle. Ordinary least square technique was used in analyzing the data. Findings revealed that entrepreneurs are easily able to arrange their business finances when they acquire awareness through various techniques. It was concluded that a robust capacity building technique is sine-qua-non to entrepreneurial success in financial planning. It was recommended that the government and the private sector organizations should incorporate adequate skill training programmes for the benefit of small and medium scale business operators and that they in turn should develop passion to learn and apply the skills acquired to improve the ability in financial planning.
In Indonesia, the role of R & D (Research and Development) at the level of bureaucracy has not been considered of strategic importance. Evidently a lot of policies that are not based on deep research and comprehensive. As a result, many failed policies implemented are likely to cause new problems even more complex. The lack of involvement of R & D in the formulation of Local Regulation resulted in many problems and eventually canceled. Based on the database Research Agency Ministry of the Interior, to date only 157 the Provincial / District / City which has 548 R & D institutions of the Provincial / District / City in Indonesia (or 28.6%). And of that number only 31.8% (50 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Board and 10.2% (16 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Office, and 57.96% (91 prov / district / city) the other is a field (equivalent echelon 3) even in Bandung City is the Sub Sector (equivalent echelon 4). This indicates that the commitment of the Regional Leadership in developing R & D in the region, there still exists the view that R & D was considered not yet able to contribute significantly to the formulation of policy planning and progress of the region. This paper is to review how the institutional form of research and development of Bandung City Government should be formed in order to be actively involved in policy formulation and development planning area in terms of (a) Commitments Regional Head; (b) Institutional: (c) Resources R & D; (d) Cooperation R & D
Capacity Building Needs of Emotional Intelligence of Self- Management Skill for Highly Innovative School Principals for Nigerian Education System (Published)
The problem of quality education and sustainable development, especially in Nigeria has attracted much attention in all academic discussion, whereby scholars have blamed it on several factors, without recourse to the emotional state of the school principals. Self-management is an important construct of emotional intelligence that has impacted positively on other disciplines such as psychology, medicine, business and others, other than education as seen from the review. This has created a gap in knowledge which necessitated this discussion. This paper therefore addressed capacity building needs of emotional intelligence of self-management, towards highly innovative principals for Nigerian secondary schools. The paper considered only three of its characteristics of conscientiousness, achievement orientation and trustworthiness. It is concluded that, emotional intelligence of self-management be included in educational management and teacher training programmes, to equip this group of learners with the skill, to become highly innovative and creative in managing Nigerian secondary schools, which will certainly lead to quality education
APPRAISAL OF PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FUND (PTDF) MANDATES ON HUMAN CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA; BENEFITS FOR NIGERIAN YOUTHS (Published)
The need for Human Resources Development vis-a-vis Career Development (CD), Training and Development (TD) and Organization Development (OD) is constantly increasing with intense rapidity across the globe. Today, Nigerian government agencies, organizations, and NGOs invest in developing human capacity to meet up with global challenges. This paper discusses the roles of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) in the development of human resources for Nigeria. It examines its progress and success in partnering with the local and international organizations/institutions in training Nigerian youths to fill the gaps in Nigeria oil and gas industries. Using secondary information with discourse analysis of existing literatures on the subject matter, the study revealed that there is a level of consistency in the various PTDF programmes and continuity in the change of leadership which have resulted in training and empowering thousands of Nigerian youths in universities and though other non-formal education at home and in Diaspora since its establishment in 1973. However, certain criticisms were observed against the Fund which requires urgent attention for amelioration. The study recommends, among others, adequate awareness of programmes and more government supports on human resources development programmes of PTDF especially its appreciation and benefit for indigenous Nigerian youths
A Study on the Influence of Strategic Human Resource and Organizational Capacity Building on Performance Improvement of Public Service Delivery in Nakuru County-Kenya (Published)
The study will seek to examine the influence of strategic human resource and organizational capacity building on performance improvement of public service delivery in the departments of the registration of persons Nakuru County (Kenya) using the 2012-2013 performance improvement service delivery period as the baseline. The said departments include registration of births which issues birth certificates, registration of persons which issues national identity cards and registration of refugees which registers political asylum seekers. Nakuru County comprises of 9 sub counties thus- Nakuru Sub County, Njoro, Molo, Subukia, Nakuru North, Kuresoi, Rongai, Gilgil and Naivasha. The study has been prompted to be carried out due to reported incidents of low registration coverage in the issuance of Kenyan National Identification documents in the said county as pointed out by the (2012-2013) county annual registration performance reports which recorded less than 100% coverage contrary to the projected and expected achievement of 100%. The objectives of the study will be to: examine strategies put in place focusing on performance improvement of public service delivery, investigate on types of human resource capacity building advanced aiming at performance improvement of public service delivery, find out the influence of human resource and organizational capacity building on performance improvement of public service delivery, establish challenges and possible remedies encountered by the human resource and relevant organizations on performance improvement of public service delivery. The study will be guided by the Roseau’s psychological contract theory of (1994) which stresses on mutual beliefs and expectations by employees and organizations upon the successful performance of a worker. Descriptive survey research design method targeting a population of 308 respondents and 9 sub counties will be adopted. A sample size of 50% of the same will be used through random and non probability purposeful identification techniques which for the purposes of data collection will translate to 154 respondents and 5 sub counties. Primary and secondary sources of data collection will be employed by using questionnaires as data collection instruments after testing and re-testing them in similar environmental study conditions through piloting techniques to ascertain their validity and reliability as data collection tools. Collected data will be sorted out, coded and analyzed by using descriptive statistics and Statistical Packages for Social Scientists (SPSS) then tabulated in form of frequencies and percentages. Multiple regression statistical model will be adopted to test the advanced study hypothesis thus there is no significance relationship between strategies and performance improvement on public service delivery. Study findings will be subjected to review committee and its findings made open for public information and consumption.
The leather industry holds a significant position in the agricultural sub-sector in Kenya. The industry has a high potential to make products of high quality that can address socio economic problems, and create employment and wealth. The success of the industry depends on value addition, which unfortunately has been minimal, and most of Kenya’s exports have been in the form of unprocessed raw hides and skins. As a result, the industry has not realized its full potential. The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting value addition in the leather industry in Kenya. Adopting a case study design, the study focused on the influence of capacity building, technology, finance and quality control on value addition. The study population consisted of both incubatees and graduate incubatees of Leather Development Centre in Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute. The findings show that the industry is characterised by low capacity building, and unskilled employees take long to upgrade their skills on the job. The industry uses old technology, does not practice expeditious machine upgrade; and repairs and maintenance are quite slow. Further, the leather industry is inadequately financed, and quality is compromised because of unavailability of affordable chemical inputs. The study recommends that in order to increase value addition, manufacturers need to invest resources with a view to upgrading their human capital and technology. The different players in the industry should analyse weaknesses in the present national policy framework, and address the loopholes that exist.