The Big Five Personality Traits as Factors Influencing Job Performance Behavior in Business Organizations: A Study of Breweries and Foods/Other Beverages Manufacturing Organizations in Nigeria (Published)
The objective of the study is to investigate the influence of the Big Five Personality Traits on Job performance behavior in Business Organization. The Big Five Personality Traits are Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism/Negative affectivity (Emotional Stability). The focus is on Breweries and foods/other Beverages Manufacturing Organizations in Nigeria. Data for the research is obtained from both primary and secondary sources. The sample size for the study is 352 determined through Taro Yamanes formulae. Bowley’s population allocation formula is used to obtain individual company sample size from 12 organizations. ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) is adopted in the testing of the two formulated hypotheses. The study findings revealed that the Big Five Personality Traits i.e. Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism/Negative affectivity (Emotional Stability) is significantly influencing on job performance behaviors in Breweries and foods/other Beverages Manufacturing Organizations in Nigeria. This influence can be either positive or negative. The study also established that positive job performance behaviors of employees caused by the Big Five Personality Traits such as appropriate behavior to develop work methods that maximizes productivity, efficiency and effectiveness, developing self-efficacy of employees leading to better work completion and customer satisfaction, higher level of motivation and job satisfaction, ability to explore new viewpoints, amongst others will lead to high profit attainment, increase in market share, increase in return on investment, growth of the company amongst others. The study recommendations are that, high job performance behaviors that will yield organizations competitive success through profit attainment, increase market share, return on investment (turnover) be encouraged by Breweries and foods/other Beverages Manufacturing Organizations. Again it was recommended that periodic evaluation and assessment of employee’s personality traits to determine fitness and suitability in discharging responsibilities on assigned tasks and positions is pertinent for Breweries and foods/other Beverages Manufacturing Organizations that desire growth success.
Contribution of Green Orientation for the Organizational Performance: A Review of Stakeholder Relationships and Ecological Modernization Perspectives on Sustainability (Published)
Despite the fact that sustainability has become ever more important for business organizations today, sustainability initiatives in the social, environmental, and economic perspectives are still not properly integrated with each other or funneled down into the organizational level. Strategic green orientation (SGO) is derived from market orientation to adequately integrate the social, economic, and environmental perspectives as a new paradigm for the implementation of sustainable development principles at the business organizational level. This article attempts to explore the theoretical basis of SGO. This review builds on the stakeholder and ecological modernization theories to investigate the critical determinants of SGO and how it integrates the three different perspectives of sustainability to convert them for superior performance. Based on theoretical foundations, this article explores a causal relationship between SGO and organizational performance that may stimulate further research and direct actions by decision makers and managers on sustainability perspectives in different industries such as tourism.
Examining Employee Quality of Work Life (Qwl) As a Determinant of Managerial Effectiveness in Business Organizations: A Study of Nigeria Breweries Plc, Lagos (Published)
The objective of the study is to examine employee the impact of Quality of Work Life (QWL) as a determinant of managerial effectiveness in Business Organizations: A case study of Nigerian Breweries plc, Lagos was chosen. The data for the study was obtained mainly through primary and secondary sources. Five (5) point likert rating scale questionnaire were used to obtain data from the respondents. Pilot test was conducted and the input variable factors used in the study were subjected to exploratory factor analysis to investigate whether the construct as described fits the factors from factor analysis. Kaiser-Meyer Oikin test (KMO) and Bartlett’s test of Sphericity (BTS) were used. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested using multiple regression analysis. The findings from the study revealed that several challenging factors are affecting Quality of Work Life (QWL) attainment in Nigerian Breweries Plc. These include employee attitude, working environment, opportunities, nature of work, stress, job challenges, development and career potentials amongst others. The study also reveals that several strategies are adopted by the firm to improve quality of work life (QWL) in enhancing managerial effectiveness. These are adoption of self-managed teams, rewards, work force awareness, work life balance strategy, freedom of choice amongst others. The study recommends that adoption of QWL programmes such as enrichment, social – technical redesign of tasks/ work self-managed teams, participation by employees in decision making, workers empowerment approaches, fair compensations, better communication between management and labor and above all adequate security for workers to facilitate managerial effectiveness.
Conflict Management Approaches: A Tool for Productive Employee Performance in Business Organizations (A Study of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko Plant) (Published)
This paper is a critical analysis of conflict management approaches as a tool for productive performance in business organizations, a survey of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. The study adopted simple empirical survey methods with a view of eliciting relevant data for analytical purpose so as to answer several questions and attain the objectives of the study. Both primary and secondary sources of data collection were utilized in a bid to attain the necessary result. Five point likert rating scale questionnaire were used in obtaining the opinions and views from respondents (i.e Strongly agree, SA (5), Agree, A (4), Undecided, U (3), Disagree, D (2), Strongly Disagree, SD (1)). The sample size for the study is 269 derived from the population of 825 employee of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. This was determined using Yaro-Yamane’s formulae. Bartlett’s test of Sphericity and Kaiser-Meyer Olkin measure of sampling adequacy, construct validity determination and Cronbach alpha for reliability determination was applied too. Multiple regression test was adopted for testing two formulated hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that conflict management have positive impacts in enhancing productivity of employees of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. Another finding reveals that strategies and techniques for management of conflict have significantly impacted on the performance of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant. The study recommended that the circumstance of conflict occurrence should be X-rayed, evaluated before deciding to adopt a suitable method, strategy and technique for conflict resolution and management. Secondly, the management of Dangote Cement Plc, Gboko plant should ensure that causes and varying forces that may cause conflict in organization are checkmated to ensure organizational success. These causes may include; limited resources, overlapping authority, inadequate treatment, differences in perception, role conflict, leadership styles and diversity differences amongst others.
The Strategic Perspective of Intellectual Capital Accounting and Increased Market Value to Business Organizations in the Knowledge Society (Published)
The importance of this study status enjoyed by the accountant in creating additional positive flows directly, and indirect contribution in rising in the capital markets through the creation of an enabling environment capable of overcoming the problems facing professional activities and services for accountants and insurance company and shareholder requirements efficiently and effectively. This development led to a change in the Outlook for accounting work which was considered a service center because it was limited to logging operations and Fund, and with modern developments have changed the perception of the accounting strategy as a profit center and Given to the accountant of suggestions for alternatives to investment and finance operations and undermine the risk gap as a missed in negotiating with all parties, such as optimization of the advertising side of accounting resulting creation flows additional profit and effective contribution in shaping strategic plans which reflect positively on the market capitalization of the business. The main results of the researcher are: The changing perception of intellectual capital accounting strategic axis produce about profits and flows and actual additions contribute to increasing the market value of the business, and this changed perception of accounting service center to profit center. Successful organizations are able to address the gaps and shortcomings in the efficiency of the accounting staff and see how willing those cadres to deal with sophisticated technologies.
Assessing Office Managers’ Role in Creating a Culture of Corporate Social Responsibility through Corporate Governance in Selected Business Organizations in Delta State, Nigeria (Published)
This study assessed the role of Office Managers in Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibilities in selected Business Organizations in Delta State of Nigeria. In going about the study, a research instrument which consisted of 51 items was designed to cover the three research questions raised for the study. This study was survey research. The data collected from 130 respondents were analyzed using the descriptive statistics, mean and standard deviation. The results of the study revealed that organizations are measured on how well their objectives are achieved; that social responsibilities of business is an ethical ideology or theory that an entity has obligation to act in order to benefit its society, and that corporate social responsibilities cut across all aspects of human life. It was concluded that meeting the basic social, economic and political needs of the immediate communities will guarantee safe and healthy environment for organizations to operate their businesses. It was therefore recommended that there should be a working synergy between organizations and their host communities in order for their business objectives to be realized.