Tag Archives: Business Education

Return on Investment (ROI) In Business Education on Undergraduate Skills Development (Published)

This study determined the influence of ‘Return on investment in Business Education on undergraduate skills development in Federal Universities in Nigeria. The 5 specific objectives postulated were structured into 5 research questions and 5 null hypotheses. The survey design was adopted for the study. A population of 2080 was used of which 460 (22%) respondents were sampled for the study, using multi-stage sampling technique. The researcher designed two sets of questionnaires: Investment in Business Education Questionnaire (IBEQ) and; Undergraduates’ Skills Development in Business Education Questionnaire (USDBEQ) generated data for the study. The instruments were validated by five experts.  The reliability coefficients using Cronbach Alpha reliability analysis were 0.86 and 0.79 for IBEQ and USDBEQ respectively. The null hypotheses were tested using Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA). The findings made were that ‘Return on Investment’ in Business Education: office accommodation; classroom space; physical facilities; equipment; library facilities; significantly influence undergraduate skills development. The null hypotheses were rejected. It is concluded among others that investment in Business Education will continue to yield proportionate returns in terms of undergraduates’ skill development. Recommendations made are that: more academic staff should be employed for Business Education Programme in order to reverse the lopsided ratio of lecturer to student; lecturers should be provided with office accommodation; the ratio of practical to theory in Business Education curriculum should be 60: 40; among others.

Keywords: Business Education, Investment, Returns, Skill

Constraints to Multimedia Applications in Business Education Programme of Public Universities In South-Eastnigeria (Published)

The main purpose of this study was to determine the constraints to multimedia applications in teaching business education courses in universities in south-East Nigeria. The study was guided by two research questions and two null hypotheses. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population was 53 business education lecturers in the public Universities in South-East Nigeria. No sampling was carried out due to the manageable size of the population. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by three experts and the reliability was determined using Cronbach Alpha which yielded 0.85. Out of 53 copies of the questionnaire distributed 51were returned representing 96.23 percent return rate. Mean with standard deviation was used to answer the research questions and t-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. Some of the findings include: poor provision of multimedia, employment of unqualified staff and poor knowledge of available multimedia facilities.  Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others things that lecturers should be retrained to equip them with the knowledge and skills of multimedia applications and government should provide fund to the public universities to enable them improve on staff and physical infrastructural development.

Keywords: Business Education, Constraints, Multimedia applications

Constraints to Multimedia Applications in Business Education Programme of Public Universities in South-East Nigeria (Published)

The main purpose of this study was to determine the constraints to multimedia applications in teaching business education courses in universities in south-East Nigeria. The study was guided by two research questions and two null hypotheses. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population was 53 business education lecturers in the public Universities in South-East Nigeria. No sampling was carried out due to the manageable size of the population. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by three experts and the reliability was determined using Cronbach Alpha which yielded 0.85. Out of 53 copies of the questionnaire distributed 51were returned representing 96.23 percent return rate. Mean with standard deviation was used to answer the research questions and t-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. Some of the findings include: poor provision of multimedia, employment of unqualified staff and poor knowledge of available multimedia facilities.  Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others things that lecturers should be retrained to equip them with the knowledge and skills of multimedia applications and government should provide fund to the public universities to enable them improve on staff and physical infrastructural development.

Keywords: Business Education, Constraints, Multimedia applications

Challenges to the Development of Instructional Packages for Business Education Programme in Universities in South-East Nigeria (Published)

Challenges to the development of instructional packages for business education programme in universities in South-East Nigeria, formed the basic objective for this research. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The population was 57 Federal and State university lecturers in business education. No sampling was adopted because of the manageable size of the population. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire which was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha which yielded a coefficient of 0.79. Mean with standard deviation was used for data analysis and the t-test statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings include: inadequate funding of our universities for curriculum development, use of obsolete instructional facilities in our universities, among others. Recommendations made include: adequate fund should be provided by the federal and state government on the development of instructional packages and proper regulation of universities instructional packages should be carried out on regular basis.

Keywords: Business Education, Challenges, Curriculum Development, Instructional packages, National Universities Commission

Influence of Social Media on Academic Performance of Business Education Students of Public Universities in South-East States of Nigeria (Published)

The main purpose of the study was to determine the influence of social media on academic performance of business education students in public universities in South-East States of Nigeria. Two research questions and two null hypothesis guided the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population was 397 students of business education programme in the seven public universities in South-East states of Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study, therefore there was no sampling. The instrument used for data collection was a 20 items questionnaire structure in four point rating scale. The instrument was validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was conducted using Cronbach Alpha and it yielded 0.86. Out of 397 copies of the questionnaire distributed to the respondents 374 was returned representing 94.21% returned rate. Mean with standard deviation was used to answer the research questions and the null hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significant using t-test. The findings of the study showed that social media influences the students’ academic performance positively and negatively in business education. Based on the finding, recommendations were made which include that students should be encouraged to utilize social media in the way that it will positively influence the academic performance, and students should be given assignments and research work to keep them busy away from the negative use.

           

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Business Education, Internet, Social media

Influence of Institutional Variables on Employability Skills Acquisition among Business Education Students in Tertiary Institutions In Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

This study determined the influence of institutional variables on employability skills acquisition among Business Education students in tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. Survey research design was employed in carrying out the study. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire which was validated by two Vocational Educators and an expert in Measurement and Evaluation. A reliability estimate of .80, .81 and .87 was achieved for the research variables using Cronbach Alpha Statistical Analysis, after a trial test was conducted using 20 final year Business Education students in University of Uyo who did not form part of the main study sample. The questionnaire was administered to 400 final year Business Education students using stratified and accidental sampling techniques. Data analysis was done, while two (2) hypotheses were formulated and tested for significance using Simple Linear Regression Statistical Technique. Analyzed data were presented in form of tables and the results revealed that there is significant influence of classroom climate and instructional method on employability skills acquisition among Business Education Students. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that the teacher should always utilize practical method of instruction that can help the students concretize what they learn and apply it in real life situation as learnt.

Keywords: Business Education, Cross River State, Employability Skills, Institutional variables, Nigeria

An Overview of Mobile Application in Business Education Content Delivery among Student of Vocational and Technical Education (Published)

This paper examines mobile application in content delivery of Business education. Mobile Learning (M- Learning) as a new concept in the learning process which emphasizes the ability to facilitate the learning process without being tied to a physical location. Specifically, the study assessed devices for mobile learning, concept of Business education and its content, roles and advantages of mobile devices in learning Business education content. The study was conducted at University of Benin, Ugbowo campus, Benin City, Edo State. The population for the study was 140 students of 100level to 400level Vocational and Technical Education Department. Structured questionnaire were used to collect data from the 140 students. Data collected were analysed through content analysis and the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences. Pie chart and histogram were used to present results of quantifiable data. Results shows that students are willing to use the mobile technology in learning process and they have a positive perception and awareness to mobile technologies and will use the elements in mobile technology in learning process to improve their performance and interest in the learning of Business education. It is therefore recommended that teachers should be informed of the importance of Mobile Learning and how it can be used to help students exploit their leisure and change it into productive activity. Facilitators also should be trained on how to produce teaching materials and prepare their courses to suit Mobile Learning.

Keywords: Business Education, Content Delivery, Mobile Application, Student

Training Needs of Business Educators in the Universities for Sustainable Development in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

Business education is relevant for human growth, development and sustainability. This study is aimed at determining the training needs of business educators in universities for sustainable development in Rivers State. The researchers adopted descriptive survey research design. The study was carried out in Rivers State. The population of the study comprised 53 lecturers of business education in universities in Rivers State. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Mean with standard deviation was used to analyze data related to the research questions. The z-test was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that business education teachers need ICT and cash management skills for successful operation of small scale business for sustainable development in Rivers State of Nigeria. Based on the findings, the researchers recommended among others that business educators should be trained and re-trained on cash management skills for sustainable development in Rivers State of Nigeria.

Keywords: Business Education, Business Educators and Sustainable Development, Training needs

Business Education: An Indispensable Tool for Achieving Sustainable Development in the South-East States of Nigeria (Published)

The study was carried out by the researchers in the South East States of Nigeria to determine how business education could be an indispensable tool for achieving sustainable development. A survey research design was used for the study. The population comprised 46 business educators teaching in public universities in the South East States of Nigeria. A self-structured questionnaire developed by the researchers and carefully validated by the experts in the Faculty of Education of Enugu State University of Science and Technology was used for data collection. Mean and Standard deviation were used to answer the two research questions that guided the study while t.test hypothesis was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study showed that business education programme is an indispensable tool for achieving sustainable development in the South East States of Nigeria because it provides the needed manpower required in industries. The study equally revealed that one of the strategies for achieving sustainable development in the South East States of Nigeria through business education programme is to ensure that the school curriculum is relevant to the skills required of industries. Moreover, there was no significant difference between the mean responses of male and female business educators on the relevance of business education in achieving sustainable development and the strategies for achieving sustainable development in the South East States of Nigeria. Based on the findings of the study, the researchers recommended among others that the curriculum planners should ensure that the school curriculum content is relevant to the skills required of industries because of the relevance of the programme in providing the needed manpower in industries.     

Keywords: Business Education, Business Educator, Nigeria, Sustainable Development

Gaps in Marketing: Challenges for Business Education in the West African Senior Secondary School Commerce Curriculum (Review Completed - Accepted)

This study evaluated the concepts of commerce and marketing, the bases of, and dynamic phases of marketing and advanced rationale for integrating additional contents of marketing in the West African senior secondary school commerce curriculum. Topical elements in the existing West African senior secondary school commerce curriculum were identified for the proposed integration as a way of renewal of the curriculum to meet new challenges facing the learners in the emerging business economy of West Africa. Hence in the light of the existing relationship between commerce and marketing and the changes in the relatively new business worlds, it has become imperative to inject some additional contents of marketing into the existing commerce curriculum in the West African Senior Secondary Schools (WASSS). However, marketing as a discipline is needed to be accorded the right recognition and approved as a stand-alone subject in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE).

Keywords: : Business Economy, Business Education, Commerce curriculum, Marketing, West Africa

Commerce and Marketing: Challenges for Business Education in the West African Senior Secondary School Commerce Curriculum (Published)

This study evaluated the concepts of commerce and marketing, the bases of, and dynamic phases of marketing and advanced rationale for integrating additional contents of marketing in the West African senior secondary school commerce curriculum. Topical elements in the existing West African senior secondary school commerce curriculum were identified for the proposed integration as a way of renewal of the curriculum to meet new challenges facing the learners in the emerging business economy of West Africa

Keywords: : Business Economy, Business Education, Commerce curriculum, Marketing, West Africa

The Imperatives of Teaching Methods in Improving the Entrepreneurial Competencies of Business Education Students in Universities in South East and South South States of Nigeria (Published)

Globally, there is current emphasis on entrepreneurship education mostly in developing countries. Despite the laudable objectives of entrepreneurship education, observation shows that business education graduates in South East and South South States of Nigeria still lack the requisite skills needed for self-employment. The main aim of this study was to determine the imperatives of teaching methods in improving the entrepreneurial competencies of business education students in Universities in the South East and South South States of Nigeria for self-employment. The study adopted a survey research design and it covered the 15 Universities in the South East and South South States of Nigeria offering business education programme. The population comprised 109 respondents. The entire population was used; therefore, no sample was drawn. A self –structured four point scale questionnaire was used for data collection and it was validated by three experts. The reliability was determined using Cronbach Alpha while the reliability co-efficient yielded 0.73. Mean and Standard deviation were used to answer the research question while analysis of variance was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the research findings, the respondents agreed that the use of practical activities and demonstration method as an instructional skill could improve the entrepreneurial competencies of business education students and also the use of mentorship could equally do the same. The study recommends that the use of practical activities and demonstration method should be highly utilized by business educators in teaching entrepreneurship education in order to improve the entrepreneurial competencies of business education students for self-employment. Also, business educators should encourage the students to associate with their mentors so as to tap from their wealth of experience.

Keywords: Business Education, Teaching method, entrepreneurial competencies self-employment.

Influence of Self and Social Awareness on Business Education Students’ Academic Performance in Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria (Published)

This study investigated the influence of self and social awareness on Business Education students’ academic performance in Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria.  Two specific objectives, two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study.  The ex-post facto research design was used for the study.  The population of the study consisted of all the 513 students who were at their second and third year of studies, in Business Education programme in the three Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria that offer Business Education programme. A sample of 356 Business Education students from two intact years was selected for the study using stratified sampling technique. The validated instrument, Emotional Competency Inventory was used for data collection; an internal consistency reliability coefficient of 0.76 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha reliability technique.  Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while multiple regression analysis was used to test the null hypotheses at .05 level of significance.   The result revealed that there was a significant influence of self awareness and social awareness on Business Education students’ academic performance in Federal Universities in South-South, Nigeria. It is recommended, among others, that a balanced combination of emotional and cognitive strategies should be employed in training students. This will facilitate the identification, recognition and development of their emotional skills which will in turn contribute to their personal, academic and career success.

Keywords: : Academic Performance, Business Education, Federal University, Student

Status of Technologies in Business Education Departments of Tertiary Institutions in Ebonyi State for Effective Integration of Electronic Learning (Published)

The study was conducted to assess status of technologies in business education departments of tertiary institutions in Ebonyi state for effective integration of electronic learning. Two purposes of study and corresponding research questions provided guide for the study. Two hypotheses were tested in the study. The population was 37 business education lecturers and 748 Business Education Students in three tertiary institutions that offer Business Education programmes. All the business education lecturers and 486 Business Education students were used. This gave a sample size of 523. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire titled “Integrating e-learning into Business Education Programs (IEBEP)”, which consists of 39 literature-based items meant to elicit information from the respondents. The reliability of the instrument was ensured by using Cronbach alpha reliability computation which yielded a co-efficient index of 0.98. A total of 523 copies of the instrument were administered to the respondents but 522 were correctly filled and returned. Mean, standard deviation and t-test statistical techniques were used to analyze the data that emerged from the study and the hypotheses tested at 0.05 alpha level. Results from the data analyzed showed that most computer equipment needed for integration of e-learning are available in business education departments, most computer networks are lacking in business education department. It was recommended, among others, that government and the school management should upgrade computer resources in Business Education departments

Keywords: Business Education, Electronic Learning, Integration, Status

Business Education Students’s Perception Of The Skill Needs For Successful Entrepreneurship In Nigeria (Published)

The paper examined the Business education students’ perception of skill needs for successful entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population consisted of 6002 business education students. 600 respondents were selected through stratified sampling technique. The study adopted survey design. A four point response item structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Out of the 600 copies distributed, 589 were collected and used for the study. The instrument was face- validated by three experts in the Departments of Business Education and science education of Ebonyi State University. An internal consistency of 0.98 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha correlation coefficient. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t –test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that business education students need technical and financial management skills to function well in this time of economic meltdown in Nigeria. It was concluded that there was need to put in place learning facilities that will help the business education students to acquire the skills. It was recommended that the institutions training Business Education students for entrepreneurship should have well equipped entrepreneurial development centre.

Keywords: Business Education, Entrepreneurship, Perception, Skill

Skills Training Needed by Business Education Students for Successful Entrepreneurship: Implications for Colleges of Education in Nigeria. (Published)

Scholars have identified entrepreneurship education as the missing link between poverty and national development. Consequently, developing a functional Entrepreneurship curriculum for tertiary institutions is needed. This paper dealt with the various skills needed by business education students for successful entrepreneurship. Three research questions and three null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance guided the study. The Population of the study consisted of 6002 students of Business Education , 600 of the total population were used for study. The study made use of survey design. A structured questionnaire designed on 4 point rating scale containing 44 items on skills training needed for successful entrepreneurship grouped into three clusters was used for gathering data for the study. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the three null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. It was found that information and communication technology (ICT) skill, Risk management skill training and innovative skill training are needed for successful entrepreneurship. It was recommended that the National Commission for Colleges of Education (NCCE) should from time to time review the course content /syllabus, adequate funds and special grants be provided by government to colleges of education especially in south-west states to enable them procure and maintain needed teaching and learning materials.

Keywords: Business Education, Colleges Of Education, Entrepreneurship, Skills

TEACHING STRATEGIES IN BUSINESS EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY LEARNING IN THE NIGER DELTA (Published)

The study investigated teaching strategies in business education for sustaining information and communication technology learning in the Niger Delta. Two research questions were posed to guide the study and one hypothesis was formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A total of 245 lecturers were studied in the institutions that offers business education within the Niger Delta. There was no sample and sampling techniques for the study and so the study observed a purposive design, since the entire population was used for the study. Data for the study was collected through an instrument (questionnaire) named Teaching Strategies in Business Education for Sustaining Information and Communication Technology Learning in the Niger Delta Questionnaire (TSBESICTLNDQ). The TSBESICTLNDQ was a modified four point Likert scale, designed as very effective to not effective. Test-retest method was used to test the reliability of the items with face and content validity. The validity was done by twenty five (25) lecturers other than those used for the study and a reliability co-efficient of 0.78 was obtained. Mean rating and standard deviation was used to analyse the research questions and t-test for large group mean was used to test the hypothesis. Findings revealed that teaching strategies adopted by lecturers in Business Education Department are effective strategies for sustaining ICT learning. Not all lecturers teaching ICT adopts the strategies in business education for effective learning that is the reason why most lecturers do not build upon the strategies they already know to sustain information and communication technology learning in classroom as a result of their inability to adapt to the strategies that can assist them to be effective in classroom setting. Based on the findings, discussions and conclusions drawn, recommendations made amongst others were that university administrators in various institutions should organize workshops and seminars on teaching strategies in business education for sustaining ICT learning in their institutions. Heads of department who adopts the teaching strategies in business education for sustaining information and communication technology learning should sensitize others on the effectiveness of the strategies in teaching and learning

Keywords: Business Education, Information and Communication Technology, Learning, Niger-Delta, Strategies., Sustaining, Teaching